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morphology

1. (linguistics) The study of the internal structure of words: see also morpheme; compare syntax. 2. More generally, the study of the forms of things, ...

Natural Morphology

Natural Morphology   Reference library

Wolfgang U. Dressler

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Morphology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Linguistics, Language reference
Length:
7,747 words

...of morphological processing and representation: The role of productivity. Yearbook of Morphology , 1991, 165–183. Gaeta, L. (2019). Natural Morphology. In J. Audring & M. Francesca (Eds.), Oxford handbook of morphology .(pp. 244–264). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Gardani, F. (2013). Dynamics of Morphological Productivity. The Evolution of Noun Classes from Latin to Italian . Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. Hall, C. J. (2000). Prefixation, suffixation and circumfixation. In G. E. Booij , C. Lehmann , & J. Mugdan (Eds.), Morphology:...

Network Morphology

Network Morphology   Reference library

Andrew Hippisley

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Morphology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Linguistics, Language reference
Length:
6,790 words
Illustration(s):
48

...have seen how Network Morphology handles lack of isomorphism between syntax and morphology due to inflectional classes by dispersing the morphological machinery to a separate hierarchy, subject to its own (morphological) generalizations that hold over many-to-many mappings—in terms of inflectional classes, referral, and neutralization syncretism. The morphological hierarchy has been expanded in Figure 2 to allow for generalization over noun and adjectival morphology, through the root node MOR_Nominal . Common to both kinds of morphology are the...

Inflectional Morphology

Inflectional Morphology   Reference library

Gregory Stump

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Morphology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Linguistics, Language reference
Length:
10,006 words
Illustration(s):
11

...of head marking in inflectional morphology. In G. Booij & J. van Marle (Eds.), Yearbook of morphology 1994 (pp. 245–296). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer. Stump, G. (1997). Template morphology and inflectional morphology. In G. Booij & J. van Marle (Eds.), Yearbook of morphology 1996 (pp. 217–241). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer. Stump, G. (1998). Inflection. In A. Spencer & A. M. Zwicky (Eds.), The handbook of morphology (pp. 13–43). Oxford, UK: Blackwell. Stump, G. (2001). Inflectional morphology: A theory of paradigm structure ....

Construction Morphology

Construction Morphology   Reference library

Geert Booij

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Morphology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Linguistics, Language reference
Length:
7,058 words
Illustration(s):
12

...of language. 6. Construction-Dependent Morphology A specific form of interaction between syntax and morphology can be observed in a phrase like John’s book . The old genitive marker -s has become a morphological marker of the English possessive construction. In Dutch there is a construction of the following type: (11) in which the cardinal number is affixed with the suffix - en . This appearance of morphological markers in syntactic constructions is referred to as construction-dependent morphology ( Booij, 2005b ) and can be expressed by...

Derivational Morphology

Derivational Morphology   Reference library

Rochelle Lieber

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Morphology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Linguistics, Language reference
Length:
8,564 words
Illustration(s):
19

...Morphology 1. Defining Derivation Derivational morphology is defined as morphology that creates new lexemes, either by changing the syntactic category (part of speech) of a base or by adding substantial, non-grammatical meaning or both. On the one hand, derivation may be distinguished from inflectional morphology, which typically does not change category but rather modifies lexemes to fit into various syntactic contexts; inflection typically expresses distinctions like number, case, tense, aspect, person, among others. On the other hand, derivation...

Distributed Morphology

Distributed Morphology   Reference library

Jonathan David Bobaljik

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Morphology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Linguistics, Language reference
Length:
15,726 words
Illustration(s):
36

...but claiming to eschew morphological operations of the sort discussed in this section, though at the expense, for example, of far richer abstract syntactic representations. 3.1. Regrouping Operations. One family of morphological operations alters the constituency after the syntax but prior to vocabulary insertion. An operation of this sort is Morphological Merger, discussed in the first part of this article. Note that Merger creates a morphological word out of elements that do not, together, form a complex X˚ in the syntax. Morphology may be dependent on...

Agreement Morphology

Agreement Morphology   Reference library

Patricia Cabredo Hofherr

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Morphology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Linguistics, Language reference
Length:
8,689 words
Illustration(s):
66

...of Agreement Agreement morphology can be realized by concatenative and nonconcatenative exponents, and the exponents found with agreement are the same as those found with inflectional and derivational morphology more generally (see discussions in “Inflectional Morphology” and “Derivational Morphology” in this encyclopedia). Prefixal and suffixal exponents are illustrated by Swahili in (11) and Modern Standard Arabic in (20), infixal exponence is illustrated by the Archi adverb di t ¯ au ‘early’ (see (14)). Agreement morphology expressed by reduplication...

morphology

morphology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
8 words

... Structure or form; characteristics of physical...

morphology

morphology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... The study of the internal structure of words . Traditionally regarded as part of grammar , morphology contrasts with syntax , the latter being concerned with the rules that govern the way words are put together in sentences . Morphology itself covers inflection and word formation ( 2 ) . The latter in turn covers derivation and compounding (and sometimes conversion ). • morphological , morphologically . •• morphological structure : see structure...

morphology

morphology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... Form and structure of individual organisms or land...

morphology

morphology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
10 words

... The form and structure of individual organisms. Compare physiognomy ....

morphology

morphology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A branch of linguistics concerned with analysing the structure of words. The morphology of a given word is its structure or...

morphology

morphology   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
16 words

... the branch of biology concerned with the outer form and inner structure of living...

morphology

morphology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... The study of structure and form, particularly in relation to...

morphology

morphology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
13 words

... [mor- fol -ŏji] n. the study of differences in form between...

morphology

morphology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
16 words

...morphology The study of the form and structure of organisms, especially their external form. Compare anatomy...

Morphology

Morphology   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Morphology . In linguistics , the study of the structure of words, as opposed to syntax , the study of the arrangement of words in the higher units of phrases, clauses, and sentences. The two major branches are inflectional morphology (the study of inflections) and lexical morphology (the study of word-formation ). See accidence ; inflection ; linguistic typology ; morpheme . ...

morphology

morphology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. 1. A branch of biology devoted to the form and structure of organisms. 2. The study of the form and structure of words, especially in terms of morphemes . morphological adj. [From Greek morphe form + logos word, discourse, or...

morphology

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A Dictionary of Plant Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
19 words

... The form and structure of individual organisms, as distinct from their anatomy (which involves dissection). Compare physiognomy...

morphology

morphology   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
23 words

... Biological study of the form and structure of living things. It often focuses on the relation between similar features in different...

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