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modern racism

Covert or symbolic opposition to policies or practices designed to help a specific racial group, arising from negative affect towards members of that group. It is distinguished from overt ...

modern racism

modern racism n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...These researchers deliberately replaced an earlier term symbolic racism in order to emphasize the presumed emergence of the phenomenon in the second half of the 1960s in the wake of the US civil rights movement, when overt racism , including support for laws against racial mixing and belief in the innate inferiority of black people, became unfashionable. It is measured by instruments such as the Modern Racism Scale, a non-reactive measure of racist attitudes developed by McConahay and his colleagues, in which agreement with such statements as ...

modern racism

modern racism  

Covert or symbolic opposition to policies or practices designed to help a specific racial group, arising from negative affect towards members of that group. It is distinguished from overt prejudice, ...
new racism or modern racism

new racism or modern racism  

Are terms sometimes used to describe racist attitudes that take a more subtle form. Rather than hurling racist insults, new racists will deny there are problems of inequality and oppose moves aimed ...
The Indonesian Revolution

The Indonesian Revolution   Reference library

Muhammad Natsir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,838 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...nation of ours which holds to the sovereignty of Almighty God. This is the responsibility of every Muslim. Racism Is a Monstrous Disease Racism is acknowledged to be one of the sources of the sicknesses of the world, giving rise to war after war. Chauvinism gives rise to forms of racism which are more dangerous for society, as for example the rise of fascist and totalitarian thought and other examples of the same sort of thing. [Adolf] Hitler [German Nazi...

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue   Reference library

Ullah Jan Abid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,474 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...on democratization in the Muslim world but in their actions support repressive dictatorships for fear that authentically Muslim governments will themselves be antidemocratic. The perception that Islamic states threaten democracy are baseless and border on racism. Jan urges his audience to establish a “modern Islamic republic,” which will be characterized by an effective separation of the four branches of government (the legislature, the executive, the courts, and the media), ensuring the conformity of laws with the shari‘ah , and representing the interests and...

Islam and the Malay Civilizational Identity: Tension and Harmony Between Ethnicity and Religiosity

Islam and the Malay Civilizational Identity: Tension and Harmony Between Ethnicity and Religiosity   Reference library

Bakar Osman

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,678 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...since the issue of success in question has relevance to our discussion of Malay Islam as a civilizational marriage between Malay ethnicity and Islamic religiosity, we will say a few words about the Islamic genius which we think explains Islam's relative success in overcoming racism and maintaining inter-ethnic harmony within its own cultural boundaries as well as in the preservation of indigenous cultures. A major portion of that genius has already been discussed at length when we talk about Islam's legitimization of ethnic identities. Another aspect of the...

Democracy or Shuracracy

Democracy or Shuracracy   Reference library

Murad Hofmann

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,074 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...hostile to democracy. Rather it contains ten cornerstones, or basic building blocks, by which the foundation of an Islamic democracy can be put into place. The counter argument, which assumes a singular, genetic flaw in Muslims with regard to democracy, qualifies as postmodern racism. One might just as well dismiss the French as essentially unfit for democracy, considering their motley collection of five republics, two empires, two monarchies and a Communist commune over as little as 200 years. A sounder argument to make is not based on myth: alas, as a...

Philippians

Philippians   Reference library

Robert Murray, SJ and Robert Murray, SJ

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
13,932 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Greek Text, NIGTC (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans). Peterlin, D. (1995), Paul's Letter to the Philippians in the Light of Disunity in the Church, NovTSup 79 (Leiden: Brill). Pfitzner, V. C. (1967), Paul and the Agon Motif, NovTSup 16 (Leiden: Brill). Procopé, J. (1941–), ‘Hochmut’, RAC xv. 795–858. Reed, J. T. (1996), ‘ Philippians 3:1 and the Epistolary Hesitation Formulas’, JBL 115: 63–90. Sanders, J. A. (1969), ‘Dissenting Deities and Philippians 2:1–11 ’, JBL 88: 279–90. Seeley, D. (1994), ‘The Background of the Philippians Hymn’, Journal of Higher...

Melting Pot

Melting Pot  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In October 1908 an English playwright of the Jewish faith, Israel Zangwill, brought out his classic drama on Broadway entitled The Melting Pot. Written at the turn of the twentieth ...
Colonial Fiction

Colonial Fiction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Colonial fiction, as imperial romance, is an important sector of children's fiction in the 19th and early 20th centuries. If the modern tradition of writing for children dates from the ...
William Whipper

William Whipper  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1804–76)William Whipper was born on 22 February 1804 in Drumore Township (now Little Britain Township) in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Nance, a female slave, and ...
Urban Bush Women

Urban Bush Women  

Reference type:
Overview Page
All-female black dance company founded by Jawole Willa Jo Zollar in New York in 1984. Zollar's politically outspoken choreography draws on the folk traditions of the African diaspora as well as on ...
Guerrilla Girls

Guerrilla Girls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A group of women artists founded in New York in 1984 to combat what they considered sexism and racism in the art world. Jonathan Fineberg writes that ‘After the Museum of Modern Art held its vast ...
Art Workers' Coalition

Art Workers' Coalition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(AWC)A short-lived association of art activists founded in New York in 1969. One of the founders, Carl Andre, explained that the term ‘art worker’ was chosen in preference to ‘artist’ because it ...
Francis Newton Souza

Francis Newton Souza  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1924–2002)Indian painter, born in Goa. After being expelled from the Jamshetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art, Bombay, in 1943, he joined the Communist Party of India and painted for a short while in a ...
racism

racism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The inability or refusal to recognize the rights, needs, dignity, or value of people of particular races or geographical origins. More widely, the devaluation of various traits of character or ...
An American Dilemma

An American Dilemma  

(1944).Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy ranks among the most important studies of American race relations. The “American Negro Problem,” Myrdal argued, lay ...
implicit attitude

implicit attitude  

An attitude activated without conscious awareness by memory of past experiences, as when a woman meets a man and takes an instant dislike to him because he reminds her unconsciously of an uncle whom ...
Ethnic Conflict

Ethnic Conflict  

Ethnic conflict takes many forms, ranging from peaceful protest and dialogue, to riots and street fighting, to the use of terror in self-determination struggles, to concerted ethnic cleansing, ...
Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson  

(1919–1972), baseball player, civil rights leader, businessman, first African American in modern major league baseball.Born in Georgia and raised in Pasadena, California, Jackie Robinson attended the ...

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