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Overview

mental hospital

An institution that provides care and shelter for people with mental, emotional, and personality disorders, sometimes severe enough to require custodial care. Mental hospitals have a long ...

mental hospital

mental hospital   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...mental hospital An institution that provides care and shelter for people with mental, emotional, and personality disorders, sometimes severe enough to require custodial care. Mental hospitals have a long tradition, dating back at least to Pergamon in Asia Minor ( 350 bce ). Until the middle of the 19th century , there was almost no effective treatment for most of the inmates of such hospitals. Among their problems and challenges, an important one was the maintenance of good hygiene and sanitation. Influenced by the philosophy of deinstitutionalization ,...

mental hospital

mental hospital noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
mental hospital

mental hospital noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
mental hospital

mental hospital  

An institution that provides care and shelter for people with mental, emotional, and personality disorders, sometimes severe enough to require custodial care. Mental hospitals have a long tradition, ...
Psychology

Psychology   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,151 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... *madness ]. However, psychological techniques, as distinct from mere speculation, were often used to dominate the patients and sometimes to comfort them. Yet, in the extensive modern literature that deals with the history of mental illness, its *madhouses , its therapies, and the absence of medical education in universities and hospitals for mind-doctors until the latter half of the nineteenth century, there is little evidence that the medical practitioners of the period, despite their best efforts, actually contributed much to genuine psychological...

Medicine

Medicine   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,985 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in London and in other major urban centres. At the same time the hospital movement, growing in London from the 1720s and shortly after in the provinces, reached the new industrial towns. Places like Nottingham and Hull (both 1782 ) and Sheffield ( 1797 ) acquired their first infirmary. One particular field of medicine saw striking growth: the treatment of mental disorders. Before the age of George III , very few institutions in Britain specialized in *madness . Apart from Bethlem Hospital (Bedlam) and St Luke's in London, there were hardly any *madhouses...

Viewing

Viewing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,051 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...paintings to embellish a newly instituted hospital for abandoned and destitute children in London. The Foundling Hospital was a realization of the *philanthropy of a private individual, Thomas Coram ( ?1668–1751 ), a retired naval captain and city merchant. From its inception, his Hospital enjoyed the support of powerful patrons and subscribers, as well as a number of creative and mutually beneficial collaborations with the era's prominent artists and musicians. Hogarth's own gifts to the Foundling Hospital, which included Moses Brought Before...

hospital order

hospital order  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
An order of the Crown Court or a magistrates' court authorizing the detention in a specified hospital (for an initial period of six months, renewable by the hospital managers) of a convicted person ...
mental health services

mental health services  

The multidisciplinary, multisectoral array of personnel and facilities to promote, protect, and restore good mental health. They include institutional and community-based public and private services ...
section

section  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Vb.To issue an order for the compulsory admission of a patient with a mental disorder to a psychiatric hospital for assessment and treatment under the appropriate section of the Mental Health Act ...
Mental Health Act

Mental Health Act  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An Act of Parliament to govern the treatment of people with a mental disorder, which is defined as including mental illness, personality disorder, and learning disability. For England and Wales the ...
special hospital

special hospital  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A hospital for the care of mentally ill patients who pose a substantial risk to the community and must therefore be kept securely.
mental retardation

mental retardation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A mental disorder characterized by arrested or incomplete mental development, with onset before age 18, leading to significantly below-average intellectual functioning (specifically, IQ below 70), ...
Mental Health Act Commission

Mental Health Act Commission  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A regulating body in England and Wales, governed by the Mental Health Act 2007, that was responsible for regularly visiting psychiatric hospitals, reviewing psychiatric care, giving second opinions ...
Mental Health Review Tribunal

Mental Health Review Tribunal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(MHRT)A tribunal to which applications may be made for the discharge from hospital of a person detained there for assessment or treatment of mental disorder or under a hospital order or a ...
Bimaristan

Bimaristan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In medieval Islam, a hospital; in modern usage, this Persian appellation is applied especially to a mental hospital. One of the greatest and original institutional achievements of classical Islamic ...
lunatic asylum

lunatic asylum  

An obsolete term for a mental hospital.
mental disorder

mental disorder  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
For the purposes of the Mental Health Act 1983 as amended by the Mental Health Act 2007, any disorder or disability of the mind (s 1(2). This is a wide term and would include persons suffering from ...
Kansas v. Hendricks

Kansas v. Hendricks  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
521 U.S. 346 (1997), argued 10 Dec. 1996, decided 23 June 1997 by vote of 5 to 4; Thomas for the Court, Kennedy in dissent. Kansas in 1994 passed the Sexually Violent Predator Act that required the ...
mental illness

mental illness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A disputed concept (see, for example, the entries elsewhere in this dictionary on Laing and anti-psychiatry) founded on the everyday contrast between mind and body which, when applied to illness, ...

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