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medium

[pl. media; Latin medius ‘middle’] 1. The means or agency through which communication takes place; often synonymous with channel. 2. The ...

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The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... The means by which something is communicated, e.g. the spoken medium versus the written (or graphic) medium...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
59 words

... 1. In ordinary senses: e.g. in teaching French as a foreign language, French might or might not be the medium of instruction. 2. The physical means employed in communication. Thus speech is transmitted through the phonic medium or medium of sound, written language through the graphic medium, sign language through the medium of hand and other...

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A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...medium ( pl. media ) Common colloquial shorthand for culture medium or growth medium, the nutrient-rich solution used to grow or maintain cells or organs in vitro...

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A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
15 words

... the nutritive substance provided for the growth of a given organism in the...

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A Dictionary of Nursing (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
27 words

...medium [ meed -iŭm] n. 1. any substance, usually a broth, agar, or gelatin, used for the culture of microorganisms or tissue cells. 2. see contrast medium...

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Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
62 words

... n. 1. any substance, usually a broth, agar, or gelatin, used for the culture of microorganisms or tissue cells. An assay medium is used to determine the concentration of a growth factor or chemical by measuring the amount of growth it produces in a particular microorganism; all other nutrients are present in amounts adequate for growth. 2. see contrast medium...

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Medium . A term used in linguistics and communication studies for the material resources used to store and deliver information. The term is sometimes contrasted with channel and mode but also sometimes is used interchangeably with these terms. For example, some make a distinction between a spoken medium and a written medium, but others might refer to these as different modes of communication. See media . ...

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A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
27 words

...medium The singular of media that is used to refer to the specific type of platform , such as a newspaper or a website...

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A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... 1. The material substance that something (such as heat and sound) can be transmitted through. 2. Something that is in the middle, i.e. between two...

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Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
71 words

... ( pl. media or mediums ) ) 1 the surrounding substance in which organisms or cells are studied or preserved. 2 the continuum in which particular chemical entities and their reactions are studied, commonly the solvent together with any nonreacting solutes. 3 any of the materials in which a chromatographic or an electrophoretic separation is effected. 4 the continuum through which electromagnetic radiation is considered to be transmitted. 5 see culture medium...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ( plural -dia ) The material or the technical process employed in an art or a communication. In literature, the medium is language, although further distinctions are also made between the media of speech and print, between theatre and cinema, and between prose and poetry. A misleading implication in some uses of the term is that the meaning of a work already exists as a complete entity only requiring transmission through the medium of language; this notion is resisted by most modern theorists of...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
73 words

... A term used generally to describe both the various methods and materials used by artists. For example, painting, drawing, and sculpture are three different media, and bronze and marble are two of the media of sculpture. More specifically, ‘medium’ also refers to the liquid in which pigment is suspended in any kind of painting, for example linseed oil is the most commonly used medium in oil paint...

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
359 words

...always anchored in the material form of a medium—each having its own affordances which constrain the codes which it can support. McLuhanism draws particular attention to the importance of the medium in its own right. The use of a particular medium can influence the message : a handwritten letter and a word-processed circular could carry the same verbal text but generate different connotations . However, technological convergence and postmodernist theorists have blurred distinctions between one medium and another ( see also post-media ). https://www...

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A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...medium The aqueous environment containing a dissolved substrate and all the other necessary nutrients in which microorganisms are cultured such as in the process of fermentation. All microorganims require water and a source of carbon, nitrogen, minerals, salts, trace elements, and vitamins. Oxygen is also required for some types of microorganisms. A defined medium consists of pure compounds in which the composition and concentration of all the chemicals is known. Common media used to culture microorganims as colonies on petri dishes include agar and...

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Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,732 words

...of the words as deriving from the pursuit of medium indifference in communication. We may seem to have no such concepts outside language. The pursuit of medium indifference clearly must have its limitations, and equally clearly, these could not in principle be total. For any theory of a medium of communication must imply some account of relative medium indifference. Marshall McLuhan 's once-fashionable slogan, “The medium is the message,” is self-defeating, since taken seriously it would rob the idea of a medium of communication of all content. The dilemma...

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
61 words

... . Term used to refer to the actual physical material chosen as a vehicle of expression for any work of art. In painting it is used more specifically for the liquid in which the Pigment is suspended. By diluting the vehicle (the liquid binding agent in which the pigment particles are dispersed), the paint is made thinner and easier to...

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Andrew Harrison

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,820 words

...of the words as deriving from the pursuit of medium indifference in communication. We may seem to have no such concepts outside language. The pursuit of medium indifference clearly must have its limitations, and, equally clearly, these could not in principle be total. For any theory of a medium of communication must imply some account of relative medium indifference. Marshall McLuhan’s once-fashionable slogan, “The medium is the message,” is self-defeating, since taken seriously it would rob the idea of a medium of communication of all content. The dilemma...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
76 words

... . Term used to refer to the material or form of expression employed by an artist; thus painting, sculpture, and drawing are three different media, and bronze, marble, and wood are three of the media of sculpture. In a more restricted sense, the term refers to the substance with which pigment is mixed to make paint; for example, gum arabic in watercolour , egg yolk in tempera , linseed oil (most usually) in oil painting . See also vehicle...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
76 words

... Term used to refer to the material or form of expression used by an artist: thus painting, sculpture, and drawing are three different media, and bronze, marble, and wood are three of the media of sculpture. In a more restricted sense, the term refers to the substance with which pigment is mixed to make paint: for example, gum arabic in watercolour , egg yolk in tempera , linseed oil (most usually) in oil painting . See also vehicle ....

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The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
988 words

...egg tempera alone as medium, whilst a dark green glaze (confirmed as ‘copper resinate’) was bound in drying oil. In the later 15th century, Domenico Ghirlandaio 's Virgin and Child painted between about 1480 and 1490 (London, NG) is principally in egg tempera, but the azurite paint of the Virgin's mantle was identified as containing walnut oil. Other Italian works of the mid-15th century exhibit the use of egg tempera as a quick-drying and relatively opaque medium for underpainting, combined with the use of pigments in an oil medium as glazing paints....

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