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meaning

Subject: Philosophy

Whatever it is that makes what would otherwise be mere sounds and inscriptions into instruments of communication and understanding. The philosophical problem is to demystify this power, ...

meaning

meaning   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
151 words

..., situational , or social meaning . Meaning as derived from the context of the surrounding text is sometimes called textual meaning. Compare contextual . The meaning of words as given in the dictionary is called lexical meaning (sometimes also dictionary meaning or central meaning ). The meaning inherent in grammar ( 1 ) (for example, the meaning of the tenses , the relationship of subject and object , and the difference between declarative and interrogative ) is called grammatical meaning or structural meaning . Compare speech act ....

meaning

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The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
20 words

... not know the meaning of the word behave as if unaware of the concept referred to or implied. ...

meaning

meaning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
642 words

... [Old English mænan ‘to have in mind, intend, signify’] See also hermeneutics ; semantics . 1. ( sense, conceptual meaning ) The semantic ‘ content ’ or message attributed to a particular communicative act or artefact ( see sense ). In semiotics , what a sign signifies. Common sense tends to suggest that meaning is inherent ( see explicit meaning ; immanent meaning ; intrinsic meaning ; literal meaning ; manifest content ), failing to recognize that we have to ‘read into’ things in order to make sense of them ( see beholder’s...

Meaning

Meaning   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Meaning . 1. The purport or message conveyed by words , phrases ; sentences ; signs ; symbols , and the like: ‘Semantics’ means ‘the study of meaning’ ; A red traffic light means drivers have to stop and a green one means they can go . 2. Signification, sense, interpretation, as in The Meaning of Meaning , the title of a book on semantics by C. K. Ogden & I. A. Richards ( 1923 ); any instance of these, as in What is the meaning of the word ‘semantics’? 3. What a speaker or writer intends: What do you mean? ; They don’t mean any harm...

meaning

meaning   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
2,196 words

...saturated with meanings and the sites where struggles over the control and naturalization of meanings are fought out. In other words, for Voloshinov, the production of a meaning has to be understood as the forgetting of “meanings”—that is to say, all meaning is ideological. Saussure's theories of the production of meaning and Voloshinov's insistence on the politicization of that process constitute perhaps the two most important moves in the relocation of questions of meaning from the domains of semantics and philology. The question of meaning has been taken up...

meaning

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
314 words

.... Other theories may, for a start, reject ( a ). Therefore the meanings of sentences are not part of a language system, though, for some, the meanings of words and individual syntactic constructions are. Others may reject that also: hence, in particular, an account of word meaning based on the uses of words in specific contexts , both within an utterance and in terms of a context of situation . In what is again the extreme view, neither words nor sentences can be assigned meanings independently of situations in which they are...

meaning

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A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
196 words

... ( meaningful action ) It would be difficult to imagine any sociological study which did not, implicitly or explicitly, look at how people think about the social world and social relationships—in other words at the meanings that the social has for individuals and groups. Indeed, some schools of thought argue that meaning is the only object for sociology , as against those which look for causal explanations by reference to, for example, social structures . The concept of meaningful action is most closely associated with Max Weber , who distinguishes it...

meaning

meaning   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,847 words

...of meaning has become the problem of intentionality. Prof. Tim Crane See also cognitive meaning ; communication ; emotive and descriptive meaning ; focal meaning ; implicature ; indeterminacy of meaning ; linguistic acts ; phrastic and neustic ; picture theory of meaning ; language, problems of the philosophy of ; use and meaning . Donald Davidson , Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation (Oxford, 1984). Gottlob Frege , Collected Papers (Oxford, 1984). H. P. Grice , ‘Meaning’, Philosophical Review (1957). A. W. Moore (ed.), Meaning and...

Meaning

Meaning   Reference library

Georg W. Bertram

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,319 words

... . There are good reasons to think that works of art are objects that have meaning. One reason for this conception of works of art is that they need interpretation, for objects that need interpretation typically have meaning. In general, objects that have meaning can be called signs. It is necessary, then, to ask what is specific to works of art when they are understood as signs. How do works of art have meaning? To understand the specific way in which works of art are meaningful, it is helpful to raise the two following questions: (1) How is the meaning...

meaning

meaning   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,106 words

...way to suggesting without more ado that a ‘theory of meaning’ will be something that explains how it is that words like mean and meaning have the kind of meanings that they do. Where such questions are concerned, most contemporary British philosophers divide into two camps, which Strawson has labelled the ‘theorists of communication-intention’ and the ‘theorists of formal semantics’ (Strawson, 1970 ). The former group, following Grice , Austin and the later Wittgenstein , seek to explain meaning by reference to a speaker's audience-directed...

meaning

meaning   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,841 words

...the scientific study of meaning. One might attempt to overcome this problem by finding a natural relation holding between things that have meanings (i.e. signs) and the things they mean (or signify). The idea that meaning is, or needs to be, founded upon a natural relation is responsible for the lure of causal, picture, and onomatopoeic theories. Cause and effect and similarity of shape are thought to be relations which hold independently of being recognized by a mind. Plato ( Cratylus , 432–5 ) argued against the idea that the meaning relation could be...

meaning

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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
132 words

... Whatever it is that makes what would otherwise be mere sounds and inscriptions into instruments of communication and understanding. The philosophical problem is to demystify this power, and to relate it to what we know of ourselves and the world. Contributions to this study include the theory of speech acts and the investigation of communication and the relationship between words and ideas , and words and the world. The loss of confidence in determinate meaning (‘every decoding is another encoding’) is an element common both to postmodernist ...

Meaning

Meaning   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
463 words

...you mean see what I eat see what I eat You see it's like a portmanteau—there are two meanings packed up into one word. Lewis Carroll 1832 – 98 English writer and logician Through the Looking-Glass (1872) ch. 6 like a portmanteau two meanings packed up packed up into one word The meaning doesn't matter if it's only idle chatter of a transcendental kind. W. S. Gilbert 1836 – 1911 English writer of comic and satirical verse Patience (1881) act 1 meaning doesn't matter only idle chatter only idle chatter of a transcendental kind It...

meaning

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A Dictionary of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...meaning An attribute of occupation that refers to worth or significance. Meaning is subjective and so is unique to an individual, but can be influenced by contextual factors, and so can change over time or even be unique to each instance of an occupation. Compare ...

social meaning

social meaning   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...meaning The same as interpersonal meaning...

ideational meaning

ideational meaning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
39 words

...meaning ( cognitive meaning , conceptual meaning , propositional meaning ) The ideas, concepts, or propositions in a message (as opposed to affective meaning ). Its scope includes referential meaning . See also meaning ; compare literal meaning . ...

referential meaning

referential meaning   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...meaning Semantics . That aspect of meaning that can be expressed in terms of referents ; objective, cognitive , denotative meaning . Referential meaning can be contrasted with emotive , connotational , and interpersonal meaning. See also attitudinal meaning ; communicative meaning ; conative ; descriptive ; illocutionary meaning ; propositional meaning...

literal meaning

literal meaning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
99 words

...meaning See also literal language ; literalism ; meaning . 1. The semantic content or message of a text or utterance , stripped of any figurative, metaphoric , symbolic , or connotational meaning. Compare ideational meaning ; propositional meaning . 2. ( verbal meaning, sentence meaning ) The meaning of the actual language used, rather than contextual meaning, which is dependent on relevant inferences ; see also explicit meaning ; immanent meaning ; intrinsic meaning ; sense . 3. The subject of a representation...

sentence meaning

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
22 words

...meaning Usually of meanings ascribed to sentences in the abstract, as opposed to those of utterances . Compare semantic representation...

implicit meaning

implicit meaning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
81 words

...meaning ( implied meaning , implication ) The import of a message : a meaning implied but not directly stated; connoted rather than denoted . Such meanings must be inferred by the reader , listener, or viewer : often by reference to the context . See also associative meaning ; contextual meaning ; ellipsis ; hidden agenda ; inference ; high-context communication ; inferential model ; metaphoric meaning ; nonverbal persuasion ; pictorial communication ; restricted code ; subtext ; visual communication ; visual persuasion . ...

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