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Overview

Maya

Subject: Archaeology

An American Indian people of Yucatán and elsewhere in Central America, with a civilization which developed over an extensive area of southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize from the 2nd ...

Maya

Maya   Reference library

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
19 words

... 1881: 6. 1 Spanish: locative name from Maya del Baztán in Navarre province. 2 Catalan: see Maia ...

Maya

Maya   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
99 words

... Culture of classic American civilization. Occupying s Mexico and n Central America, it was at its height from the 3rd to 9th centuries. The Maya built great temple-cities, with buildings on step pyramids . They were skilful potters and weavers and productive farmers. They worshipped gods and ancestors, and blood sacrifice was an important element of religion. Maya civilization declined in the 10th century, and much was destroyed after the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. The modern Maya, numbering c .4 million, live in the same area and speak a...

maya

maya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
28 words

... (Sanskrit, the veil of illusion) The way in which the world is experienced and which disguises the true unity of reality ( See also brahman , atman...

Māyā

Māyā   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
258 words

...Reality ( Brahman ) produces the illusory world of name and form, or māyā, through superimposition. It is usually misleading to translate māyā as ‘illusion’. Nevertheless, soteriologically the power of māyā is wisely treated as such; and in later Hinduism, māyā as Cosmic Illusion is sometimes personified and identified with the great goddess Durgā . In Mahāyāna Buddhism, māyā means a delusion or an illusion such as that produced by a magician. The phenomenal world is illusory, māyā, with the Mādhyamaka arguing that the separate dharmas themselves are...

Māyā

Māyā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Māyā is at once a concept and a name reflecting that concept. Its root is mā , meaning the mother goddess and to measure out or create, and māyā is the transformation of the god's thought into the material form often represented mythologically by his wife—his particular goddess or śakti ( see śakti ), his creative energy—or as the all-encompassing Goddess ( see Devī ) as Mahādevī or Mahāśakti. It is the principle of māyā that can explain the movement from the intangible and indivisible Self that is Brahman ( see Brahman ) to the differentiated and...

Maya

Maya   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

... Maya is at once a concept and a name reflecting that concept. Its Sanskrit root is ma , meaning to measure out or create, and maya is the transformation of the god's thought into the material form often represented mythologically by his wife—his particular goddess or Shakti , his creative energy—or by the all-encompassing goddess ( Devi ), sometimes as Mahadevi or Mahashakti . It is the principle of maya that can explain the movement from the intangible and indivisible self, which is Brahman , to the differentiated and tangible reality, which is...

Maya

Maya   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The mother of gautama who saw in a dream the future buddha enter her womb in the shape of a little white elephant. Seven days after his birth she died from...

Maya

Maya   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
44 words

... US frequency (2010): 10313 1 Basque: Castilianized form of Maia 1. 2 Catalan: variant of Maià (see Maia 3). 3 Spanish: Castilianized form of Portuguese Maia 2. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Jose, Francisco, Carlos, Jaime, Juan, Luis, Miguel, Enrique, Jesus, Jorge, Manuel,...

māyā

māyā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
235 words

...). For Viśiṣṭādvaita , on the other hand, māyā represents the way in which God manifests the reality of prakṛti . And for Śaiva Siddhānta , it is the eternal material cause and unconscious substratum of the manifest universe, which remains ontologically distinct from Śiva . At its simplest, māyā is the term used to evoke a magic trick or illusion, but, by an extension of this, it becomes for many bhaktas a līlā -like expression of God's mesmerizing, and often baffling, creative activity. In the Purāṇas , māyā is sometimes personified as a goddess,...

Māyā

Māyā (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Māyā . ( Māyādevī ; Mahāmāyā ) ( T. Sgyu ’phrul ma ; C. Moye ; J. Maya ; K. Maya 摩耶 ‎ ). In Sanskrit and Pāli, “Illusion”; the mother of Gautama Buddha. Her father was Añjana, king of Devadaha, and her mother was Yaśodharā. Māyā and her sister Mahāprajāpatī were both married to the Buddha’s father Śuddhodana , the king of Kapilavastu . Māyā was between forty and fifty when the future buddha was conceived. At that time, the future buddha was a bodhisattva residing in tuṣita heaven, where he surveyed the world and selected his future...

Māyā

Māyā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
50 words

... . Also known as Mahāmāyā , the mother of the Buddha . When the Buddha was conceived she dreamt that a white elephant entered her womb, a very auspicious omen. She died seven days after giving birth and was reborn in the Tuṣita heaven . Her husband, Śuddhodana , then married her sister Mahāprajāpatī...

Maya

Maya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... In the battle between the Hindu ( see Hinduism entries) gods and demons described in the epic the Mahābhārata ( see Mahābhārata ), Maya is the evil architect of the three cities of the demons—one of gold, one of silver, one of black iron—representing Heaven, Sky, and Earth. The cities are destroyed by the god Śiva ( see Śiva ) with the help of a chariot made by the gods' architect, Tvaṣṭṛ ( see Tvaṣṭṛ ). The chariot is made of all of the elements of the primeval creation. The myth is a kind of preface to the sacrificial destruction of the world that...

Maya

Maya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
125 words

... An American Indian people of Yucatán and Central America who still maintain aspects of their ancient culture, which developed over an extensive area and reached its peak in the 4th–8th centuries, a period distinguished by a spectacular flowering of art and learning. Remains include stone temples built on pyramids and ornamented with sculptures. Among the most striking of the Maya achievements are a system of pictorial writing and a calendar system, more accurate than the Julian, that was still in use at the time of the Spanish conquest in the 16th century....

Maya

Maya   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,764 words

...The writings of Maya scholars such as Victor Montejo, Irma Otzoy, and Cojtí Cuxil will no doubt continue to inform and inspire the Maya in the decades to come. A true revival of Mayan languages, Maya culture, and Maya history is now fully under way. [ See also Bacabs ; Calakmul ; Caracol ; Caste Wars ; Chenes ; Chichén Itzá ; Chilam Balam, Books of ; Chortí ; Cobá ; Community Kingdoms , article on Maya Highlands ; Community Kingdoms , article on Maya Lowlands ; Copán ; Cotzumalhuapa ; Dresden, Codex ; Epigraphy , article on Maya ; Hero Twins ;...

Maya

Maya ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
753 words

... [CP] A regionally distinct cultural grouping, united by material culture and language, occupying eastern Mesoamerica from the Formative Stage down to the present day. During the Classic Stage from about ad 300 to ad 900 the Maya emerged as the most sophisticated civilization in pre‐Columbian America. The origin of the Maya is a matter that has attracted much research but little clarification. The ancestral lands were probably the Guatemalan–Chiapas highlands where, during the early Formative, maize farming became widespread before communities began...

māyā

māyā (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...māyā . ( T. sgyu ma ; C. kuang ; J. ō ; K. kwang 誑 ‎ ). In Sanskrit, “deceit,” “deception,” “trickery,” “fraudulence”; one of the forty-six mental concomitants ( see caitta ) according to the Sarvāstivāda – Vaibhāṣika school of abhidharma and one of the fifty-one according to the Yogācāra school; it is classified among the secondary afflictions ( upakleśa ). Deceit includes such acts as feigning virtue and accomplishment, resorting to deceptive speech or underhanded subterfuge, and engaging in any of the inappropriate livelihoods ( cf. ...

Queen Maya

Queen Maya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Maya Mahā (Great) Māyā is the mother of Gautama Buddha ( see Gautama Buddha , see Māyā...

Maya Lambo

Maya Lambo  

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Music

... Lambo (Bhāi) ( b. ?; d. ?) Vocalist and leader of a group of śabad keertan singers, during the period of Hargobind ( 1606–44 ), the sixth Guru of the...

Maya Communities

Maya Communities   Reference library

Alan LeBaron

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
1,224 words

...active Maya organizations. By the twenty-first century, a first generation immigrant Maya leadership has been joined by new generations of youth who desire to maintain Maya identity. Organizations have been strengthened by a large number of Maya who have obtained legal immigrant status. Groups in Florida that have been active working with non-Maya Latinos include Corn Maya Inc. and the Organization of Maya People in Exile. California groups include Maya Vision Organization, Grupo Maya Qusamej Junan, and Pastoral Maya, among many others. Numerous Maya, both...

Maya, The

Maya, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Exploration

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History
Length:
536 words

..., The . The Maya are a group of related languages and native polities from southeastern Mesoamerica, including Chiapas, Yucatán, Guatemala , and some adjacent areas. The group includes a few outliers such as the Huastec north of Veracruz, who have few similarities to the heartland apart from linguistics. The Maya share many cultural traits with the rest of Mesoamerica. Subject to repeated invasions from imperialistic central Mexico , and involved for centuries in long- and short-distance exchanges, the Maya have borrowed from powerful neighbors....

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