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mark

Be quick (or slow) off the mark be fast (or slow) in responding to a situation or understanding something. the mark of the beast in Revelation 16:2, a sign placed on followers or ...

European American music

European American music   Reference library

Philip V. Bohlman, Stephen Erdely, Leon Janikian, Christina Jaremko, Ain Haas, Chris Goertzen, D.K. Wilgus, Mark Levy, Philip V. Bohlman, Robert C. Metil, Jesse A. Johnston, Julien Olivier, Stephen D. Winick, Bill C. Malone, Barry Jean Ancelet, Stephen d. Winick, Philip V. Bohlman, Michael G. Kaloyanides, Stephen Erdely, Lynn M. Hooker, Mick Moloney, Stephen D. Winick, Marcello Sorce Keller, Janice E. Kleeman, Timothy J. Cooley, Katherine Brucher, Carol Silverman, Kenneth A. Thigpen, Margaret H. Beissinger, Margarita Mazo, Chris Goertzen, Mark Forry, Janet Sturman, Philip V. Bohlman, Marcello Sorce Keller, Robert B. Klymasz, and Denis Hlynka

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
33,627 words
Illustration(s):
6

... Mark Levy (6), Philip V. Bohlman / Robert C. Metil / Jesse A. Johnston (7), Julien Olivier / Stephen D. Winick (8i), Bill C. Malone , Barry Jean Ancelet / Stephen d. Winick (8ii), Philip V. Bohlman (9), Michael G. Kaloyanides (10), Stephen Erdely / Lynn M. Hooker (11), Mick Moloney / Stephen D. Winick (12), Marcello Sorce Keller (13), Janice E. Kleeman / Timothy J. Cooley (14), Katherine Brucher (15), Carol Silverman (16), Kenneth A. Thigpen / Margaret H. Beissinger (17), Margarita Mazo (18), Chris Goertzen (19), Mark Forry ...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
234,746 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Herbert P. Samuels , Ph.D.; Julian Slowinski , Psy.D.; William Stackhouse , Ph.D.; William R. Stayton , Th.D.; and Mitchell S. Tepper , M.P.H. * Updates coordinated by Raymond J. Noonan , Ph.D., and Robert T. Francoeur , Ph.D., with comments and updates by Mark O. Bigler L.C.S.W., Ph.D., Walter Bockting , Ph.D., Peggy Clarke , M.P.H., Sarah C. Conklin , Ph.D., Al Cooper , Ph.D., Martha Cornog , M.A., M.S., Susan Dudley , Ph.D., Warren Farrell , Ph.D. , James R. Fleckenstein , Robert T. ...

Chicago

Chicago i   Reference library

Annette Fern, Mark Clague, Mark Clague, Annette Fern, Sarah Velez, Mark Clague, Annette Fern, Bruce Carr, Mark Clague, J. Bradford Robinson, William Kenney, John Behling, David Grazian, Annette Fern, and Katherine Brucher

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
11,032 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the American Symphony Orchestra: the Nineteenth-Century Roots of a Twenty-First Century Musical Institution,” American Orchestras in the Nineteenth Century , ed. J. Spitzer (Chicago, 2012) Annette Fern / Mark Clague (1, 3, 6, 7); Mark Clague (2); Annette Fern with Sarah Velez / Mark Clague (4); Annette Fern with Bruce Carr / Mark Clague (5); J. Bradford Robinson / William Kenney / John Behling (8); David Grazian (9); Annette Fern / Katherine Brucher ...

Procedure

Procedure   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
49,068 words
Illustration(s):
8

...example, whether the accused was the sole provider of an aged parent). When a magistrate determined the accused to be guilty of a serious crime, he issued a provisional sentence and reported the case to higher authorities for final sentencing and disposition. Bibliography Allee, Mark A. Law and Local Society in Late Imperial China: Northern Taiwan in the Nineteenth Century . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1994. Useful study of a law court in relation to the surrounding society in nineteenth-century China. Macauley, Melissa . Social Power and...

United States Foreign Relations

United States Foreign Relations   Reference library

Ryan Irwin, Mark Beeson, David Mickler, Alan McPherson, Britta H. Crandall, Russell Crandall, Yufan Hao, Fraser Cameron, Andrew J. Rotter, Ali Ansari, Rory Miller, and David Foglesong

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Economy, America and the ; International Monetary Fund ; Perry, Matthew ; Philippine War (1899–1902) ; Territories, Legal and Foreign Policy and Status of ; Trade and Tariffs and U.S. Diplomacy and War ; Vietnam War (1960–1975) ; and World Bank .] Bibliography Beeson, Mark . “ Hegemonic Transition in East Asia? The Dynamics of Chinese and American Power. ” Review of International Studies 35, no. 1 (2009): 95–112. Cha, Victor D. “ Complex Patchworks: U.S. Alliances as Part of Asia's Regional Architecture. ” Asia Policy 11 (2011): 27–50. Foot,...

Foreign Relations

Foreign Relations   Reference library

Emily S. Rosenberg, Dennis Merrill, Emily S. Rosenberg, Lawrence S. Kaplan, Paul S. Boyer, T. Christopher Jespersen, Paul S. Boyer, Nancy Mitchell, Bruce Kuniholm, Paul S. Boyer, J.L. Granatstein, and Mark T. Gilderhus

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
13,087 words

...an emerging majority in the southeastern and southwestern United States. See also Depressions, Economic ; Foreign Trade, U.S. ; Hispanic Americans ; Immigration ; Immigration Law ; Mexican War ; Puerto Rico . Arthur P. Whitaker , The Western Hemisphere Idea , 1954. Mark T. Gilderhus , Pan American Visions: Woodrow Wilson in the Western Hemisphere , 1986. Stephen G. Rabe , Eisenhower and Latin America , 1988. John J. Johnson , A Hemisphere Apart: The Foundations of United States Policy toward Latin America , 1990. Frederick B. Pike , The...

Fingering

Fingering   Reference library

Mark Lindley, Glyn Jenkins, Mark Lindley, Sonya Monosoff, Alison Crum, Peter Walls, SONYA MONOSOFF/PETER WALLS (II, 2(ii)), Suzanne Wijsman, Rodney Slatford, Marc Ecochard, Bruce Haynes, and Arnold Myers

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
21,546 words
Illustration(s):
83

...1800’, The Cambridge Companion to Brass Instruments , ed. T. Herbert and J. Wallace (Cambridge, 1997), 115–30 M. de La Barre : Mémoire sur les musettes et hautbois (MS, Paris, Archives Nationales 878 no.240); repr. in BenoitMC, 455 only Mark Lindley (I, 1), Glyn Jenkins / Mark Lindley (I, 2), Sonya Monosoff / Alison Crum (II, 1), Peter Walls (II, 2(i)), SONYA MONOSOFF/PETER WALLS (II, 2(ii)), Suzanne Wijsman (II, 3), Rodney Slatford (II, 4), Marc Ecochard , Bruce Haynes (III, 1), Arnold Myers (III, 2) ...

censorship

censorship   Reference library

John Russell Stephens, John Russell Stephens, Edward Braun, Mark Fearnow, Adam Versényi, Siyuan Liu, Jae-Oh Choi, J. Thomas Rimer, Kirstin Pauka, John Conteh-Morgan, and David Kerr

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
12,424 words

...robbery, on the grounds of their bad example to the young. The most prominent victim was Jack Sheppard , which first appeared in a spate of adaptations following publication of Ainsworth's novel in 1839 , and was effectively kept off the stage until the early 1870s. This move marks a gradual shift in the censor's principal interest from the political to the moral, a change that began in the 1850s and was fully implemented by the 1870s. Political considerations were not abandoned—as in the notorious case of W. S. Gilbert 's The Happy Land ( 1873 ), when...

Political Parties

Political Parties   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
21,276 words
Illustration(s):
3

.... New York: Praeger, 1973. Mainwaring, Scott , and Timothy R. Scully , eds. Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1995. McDonald, Ronald H. , and J. Mark Ruhl . Party Politics and Elections in Latin America . Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1989. Mark P. Jones The United States The founders of the American polity harbored distinctly unfriendly attitudes toward the notion of party. Their warnings were carried in James Madison's Federalist 10, in George Washington's allusion...

Art

Art   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
16,229 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of art. Despite the difficulty of drawing together a global understanding of what art might be over these two and a half centuries, several major themes arise because of the interconnections forced initially by colonialism and then continued through globalization. This period marks the waning of the aristocracy and its patronage of the arts; the valuing of art objects as heritage and the subsequent demand for art preservation; the rise of widespread collecting and the concomitant commercialization of art; the birth of arenas of display in public spaces such...

Pragmatics and Contextual Semantics

Pragmatics and Contextual Semantics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
14,188 words

...two reasons: (i) unlike proper names, indexicals systematically shift referents across context; but (ii), as with proper names, a use of an indexical rigidly designates whatever it refers to. (If I say Mark Richard is tired , I say something that is possibly true only if I, Mark Richard , am a thing such that it could have been tired. Likewise, if I, Mark Richard, say I am tired .) Thus, in different contexts I am tired has different truth conditions—but sentences with different truth conditions say different things. (For elaboration, see Kaplan 1989...

festivals and calendars

festivals and calendars   Reference library

Oliver Nicholson, Nancy Khalek, Oliver Nicholson, Roland Steinacher, Catherine Hezser, Nicholas Baker-Brian, Mark Gustafson, Oktor Skjærvø, and Alexander Skinner

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...now quite thoroughly secularized. Consular games, at the start of January, continued until 541. While gladiators and venationes (beast hunts) disappeared in Late Antiquity, chariot racing in the circus remained a part of civic life in Constantinople until the 12th century. Mark Gustafson M. Salzman , On Roman Time: The Codex-Calendar of 354 and the Rhythms of Life in Late Antiquity (1990). Cameron , Pagans . R. A. Markus , The End of Ancient Christianity (1990). festivals and calendars, Persian and Zoroastrian The Zoroastrian calendar had twelve...

Kant, Immanuel

Kant, Immanuel   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
34,110 words

...The sublime is in us; it is not a response to external art or nature. It is typical of Kant to invent a species of sublimity that relies on—instead of dismissing, as in Edmund Burke's 1757 model—the specificity and legibility of line and position within a “field.” The sublime marks the outer limit of what we can know. In a disciplinary sense too, Kant is the master of emplacement. By placing art, philosophy, and the history of art in relation to one another, he established a pattern of disciplinary contouring that remains in effect today. It is the...

Arab conquest

Arab conquest   Reference library

Matthew Edwards, Andrew Marsham, Caroline Goodson, Sergio La Porta, Peter Sarris, Petra Sijpesteijn, Nicola Clarke, Mark Dickens, and Nicola Clarke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...northern steppe attracted many ghazis to both Khorasan and Transoxiana to continue the process of Islamization in Central Asia. A record of this expansion and the terms of surrender or conquest is given by al-Baladhuri ( Futūh al-Buldān , I, 269–332, 387–493 and II, 3–206). Mark Dickens EI 2 vol. 4 (1978) s.v . Iran v; History; vol. 6 (1991) s.v . Mā Warā’ al-Nahr ( W. Barthold , C. E. Bosworth ). EncIran II/2 s.v . Arab ii. Arab conquest of Iran, 203–10 ( M. Morony ). W. Barthold , Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion (1968), 180–96. C. E....

Kant, Immanuel

Kant, Immanuel   Reference library

Paul Guyer, Salim Kemal, Kenneth R. Westphal, Theodore A. Gracyk, Günter Zöller, Mark A. Cheetham, Rudolf A. Makkreel, Jane Kneller, and Thierry de Duve

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
37,390 words
Illustration(s):
1

...N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1970. Cassirer, Ernst . The Philosophy of the Enlightenment (1932). Translated by Fritz C. A. Koelln and James P. Pettegrove . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1951. Cheetham, Mark A. Kant, Art, and Art History: Moments of Discipline . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Cheetham, Mark A. “The Sublime Is Now (Again).” C Magazine 44 (Winter 1995): 27–39. Clewis, Robert R. The Kantian Sublime and the Revelation of Freedom . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Cohen, Ted , and Paul...

Medicine

Medicine   Reference library

Ronald L. Numbers, Eric Howard Christianson, John Harley Warner, Harry M. Marks, Harry M. Marks, and Naomi Rogers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...In Sickness and in Wealth: American Hospitals in the Twentieth Century . New York: Basic Books, 1989. Warner, John Harley . The Therapeutic Perspective: Medical Practice, Knowledge, and Identity in America, 1820–1885 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986. Harry M. Marks Since 1945 In the second half of the twentieth century, American medicine was characterized by unprecedented technological progress and profound social disagreements over how medical care should be organized, financed, and regulated. In the years from World War II through the...

Medicine

Medicine   Reference library

Ronald L. Numbers, Eric Howard Christianson, John Harley Warner, Harry M. Marks, Harry M. Marks, and Naomi Rogers

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
8,794 words

...All? Social Unionism and Universal Health Insurance, 1935–1958 , Journal of American History 80 (1994): 1333–56. Harry M. Marks , The Progress of Experiment: Science and Therapeutic Reform in the United States, 1900–1990 , 1997. David J. Rothman , Beginnings Count: The Technological Imperative in American Health Care , 1997. Rosemary Stevens , American Medicine and the Public Interest: A History of Specialization , 1998. Harry M. Marks Alternative Medicine Although the cast of healers has changed dramatically, the medical marketplace in America has always been...

Brazil.

Brazil.   Reference library

Marília de Andrade, and Marília de Andrade

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
8,004 words

... Oxóssi , the Yoruba orixá of the forest and hunt, is honored on 20 January, Saint Sebastian's Day; Iêmanjá is syncretized with the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, whose day is 8 December. In Salvador, festivals for Xangô are held during the festas juninas , which mark the summer solstice. During the Carnival cycle in that city, the Candomblés are quiet, and some of its members form processional groups called afoxês , dancing in the streets while honoring the orixás . Thus, even within Candomblé, one can see the regulatory impact of the church...

Early Modern Period

Early Modern Period   Reference library

Charles J. Reid Jr., Jordan J. Ballor, Joel A. Nichols, Charles J. Reid Jr., Michael J. Broyde, Ira Bedzow, Mark Goldfeder, and David Wagschal

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Law
Length:
24,506 words

...discipline, distinguishing this from the application of punishment by civil authorities. The Italian reformer Peter Martyr Vermigli ( 1499–1562 ), who worked in Strasbourg, Oxford, and Zurich, consistently argued for church discipline as a “mark of the church” ( nota ecclesia ), often identified as the “third” such mark, along with proper proclamation of the gospel and administration of the sacraments. In this way there remained for lands under control of authorities disposed to the Protestant cause a distinction between kinds of jurisdictions roughly...

Greece

Greece   Reference library

Yannis Hamilakis, Neil Asher Silberman, John K. Papadopoulos, Ian Morris, H. A. Shapiro, Mark D. Stansbury-O’Donnell, Frank Holt, and Timothy E. Gregory

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
11,848 words

...of Greek culture regarded in antiquity and in modern times as an authoritative cultural standard. It is during this period that the most renowned and influential philosophers, writers, and artists of Greece were active and democracy developed. Conceptually, the Classical Period marks not so much a radical and quick break with the preceding Archaic Period, but a series of elaborations and innovations building upon trends and patterns established earlier. Geographically, Greece and its colonies during this period extended to the same areas as during the...

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