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male gaze

See also gaze. 1. A manner of treating women's bodies as objects to be surveyed, which is associated by feminists with hegemonic masculinity, both in ...

male gaze

male gaze   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
121 words

...male gaze The male gaze is a concept developed by feminist film scholar Laura Mulvey in her 1975 text ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’. It refers to the notion that films are constructed from and for the perspective of a male heterosexual viewer such that women are always displayed as objects for men’s gaze rather than as independent entities whose value is distinct from how they are viewed by men. Mulvey’s concept was highly influential in facilitating feminist interpretations of representations of women. But as audience research began to ask questions...

male gaze

male gaze   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
179 words

... gaze See also gaze . 1. A manner of treating women’s bodies as objects to be surveyed, which is associated by feminists with hegemonic masculinity , both in everyday social interaction and in relation to their representation in visual media: see also objectification . 2. In film theory , the point of view of a male spectator reproduced in both the cinematography and narrative codes of cinema, in which men are both the subject of the gaze and the ones who shape the action and women are the objects of the gaze and the ones who...

male gaze

male gaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also gaze.1. A manner of treating women's bodies as objects to be surveyed, which is associated by feminists with hegemonic masculinity, both in everyday social interaction and in relation to ...
Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World

Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World   Reference library

Shabbir Akhtar

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,182 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the service of rediscovering the old Islam, not of inventing a new heresy. The only dogmatism which is charming and profound, in religions as in individuals, is the one at once aware both of itself as well as of alternative patterns of belief. To learn to face fully the skeptical gaze of modernity is not a license for any wholesale disowning of authentically Muslim dogmas in the tradition. It is only because we today still wish to retain Islam as a complete vision that we need to identify, record and religiously contend with various new theological puzzles....

Additions to Daniel

Additions to Daniel   Reference library

George J. Brooke and George J. Brooke

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,923 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...1:5 : accused beautiful women should appear veiled) so that the elders can once again feast their eyes on her great beauty; OG may imply that she was stripped ( cf. Ezek 16:37–9; Hos 2:3 ), the elders pre-empting the judgement. None present discern their self-condemnatory leering gazes. v. 34 , as witnesses the elders lay their hands on her head ( Lev 24:14 ), thus finally managing to touch her. v. 35 , Susanna looks up to heaven, which the elders had cast aside ( v. 9 ); her appeal to a higher court has already begun. vv. 36–41 , the elders give their...

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach   Reference library

John J. Collins and John J. Collins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
38,105 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Prov 5:10 . Sirach's admonitions also bear the stamp of the Hellenistic age. The enticements of the singing girl ( 9:4 ) recall the story of Joseph the son of Tobias, who allegedly fell in love with a dancing girl during a visit to Alexandria (Jos. Ant. 12.186–9). The motif of gazing at a virgin recalls the elders in the story of Susanna, but cf. earlier Job 31:1 where Job protests his innocence in this respect. Descriptions of female beauty become somewhat more common in Hellenistic Jewish writings than in the HB—e.g. contrast the description of Sarah in...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...heads and faces to deceive men's minds. For every woman who schemes in this way is destined for eternal punishment. (6) For it was thus that they allured the Watchers, who were before the Flood. As they gazed continuously at the women, they were filled with desire for them and committed the act in their minds. They changed themselves into the form of human males, and while the women were having intercourse with their husbands they appeared to them. Because the women's minds were filled with lust for these apparitions, they gave birth to giants, for the Watchers...

Extra-canonical early Christian literature

Extra-canonical early Christian literature   Reference library

J. K. Elliott and J. K. Elliott

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,133 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...‘Simon Peter said to them, “Let Mary leave us, because women are not worthy of life.” Jesus said, “Look, I shall lead her so that I will make her male in order that she also may become a living spirit, resembling you males. For every woman who makes herself male will enter the kingdom of heaven.”’ This is another saying proclaiming that men and women must become one. It is stated here that the female must become male. Possibly the intention is that the creation of Adam alone will be re-established at the end of time with a return to the conditions before the...

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt   Reference library

Carol A. Redmount

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,877 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...extensive corpus of laws and regulations, warns solemnly of coming temptations in the land of Canaan, and adjures the people to love and to remain loyal to God in the Promised Land. At long last, at the end of the book of Deuteronomy, Moses climbs to the summit of Mount Nebo and gazes across the Jordan River to the Promised Land. God shows Moses all the land and then tells him, “This is the land of which I swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, ‘I will give it to your descendants’; I have let you see it with your eyes, but you shall not cross over there” (...

Mark

Mark   Reference library

C. M. Tuckett and C. M. Tuckett

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,701 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...may then be looking ahead to the time of the church, and justifying current church practice; but they also draw the reader's attention forward to the moment of the taking away of the bridegroom, i.e. to the death of Jesus. Like the hints in v. 7 and perhaps v. 10 , the reader's gaze is directed to the cross which, for Mark, is never far away in the story. ( 2:23–8 ) Jesus and the Sabbath: The Cornfields The final two controversy stories involve sabbath law, the command that one shall do no ‘work’. In the first of these stories, Jesus and his disciples go...

Matthew

Matthew   Reference library

Dale C. Allison, Jr. and Dale C. Allison, Jr.

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49,867 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...as in Ezek 39:17 . The paragraph in vv. 29–31 ends the tribulation and narrates the parousia in the traditional language of the OT theophany so that Jesus' coming is the arrival of God's glory. Having, in v. 28 , moved the mind's eye from earth to sky, the text now directs our gaze even higher. This imaginative raising of vision leaves distress behind and prepares for envisaging the good help that comes from heaven ( v. 30 ). The supernatural darkness of the consummation ( v. 29 ) is richly symbolic. Not only does it belong to the correlation of beginning...

Ezekiel

Ezekiel   Reference library

J. Galambush and J. Galambush

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
34,333 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...man-eater; Judah the luxuriant vine a dried-up twig; Jerusalem the faithful bride a perverse prostitute; and Tyre the merchant ship a foundering wreck. Throughout Ezekiel a strong visual sensibility predominates. Ezekiel sees visions that in turn contain seeing eyes and old men gazing at pictures, while he himself is instructed to observe carefully all that he sees. The extended metaphors are graphically intense, with the depictions of Jerusalem (exposing herself to all passers-by) and her lovers bordering on the pornographic. The emphasis on seeing builds on...

female gaze

female gaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A term coined by feminists in response to the claims made by Mulvey that the conventions established in classical Hollywood films required all spectators, regardless of their sex, to identify with ...
gaze

gaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also spectator; viewing.1. v. To look steadily and intently at someone or something.2. n. A steady and intent look.3. (social psychology) Looking at other people in the general direction of their ...
visual consumption

visual consumption  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Visually-oriented consumer behaviour, such as window-shopping, watching music videos, web-*surfing, and taking snapshots. See also aestheticization; consumer culture; flâneur; gaze; image; lookism; ...
gendered identifications

gendered identifications  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In relation to text-reader relations, the notion in theories of identification, that audiences tend to identify with those who are most like themselves (albeit in an idealized form), and that this ...
objectification

objectification  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The dehumanizing reduction of a person (or in representation, a depiction of a person) to the status of a thing, an anonymous body, or a fetishized body part (see also fetishism; fragmentation). ...
face-ism

face-ism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A tendency for mass-media images (notably photographs in newspapers and magazines) to emphasize the faces of men and the bodies of women, thus reinforcing a gender stereotype aligning males with the ...
scopophilia

scopophilia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Pleasure in looking; in Freudian psychoanalytic theory, an infantile instinct. In relation to the dominance of the male gaze in classical Hollywood cinema, Mulvey refers to scopophilia as the ...
Anthony Neilson

Anthony Neilson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Aberdeen, 16 March 1967)Playwright. No contemporary male playwright has trained such an unflinching gaze on his own masculinity as Neilson. While some have criticized his work for misogyny ...

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