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maenads

In ancient Greece, a female follower of Bacchus, traditionally associated with divine possession and frenzied rites. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes via Latin from ...

Maenads

Maenads   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... The Greek Maenads or Maenades, more commonly known as the Bacchae , were the female followers of Dionysos ( Bacchus ). They were often lasciviously pursued by satyrs . The Maenads played a large role in frenzied Dionysian revels or “bacchanals” that sometimes led to sacrificial dismemberments , as in the myth of Pentheus . The hedonistic Greek god Dionysos is flanked by two of his ecstatic female devotees, the Maenads, onthis Attic amphora. Scala/ Art Resource, New York. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples,...

maenads

maenads (‘mad women’, also referred to as bacchae and thyiadĕs)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
25 words

... ( mainadĕs ) (‘mad women’, also referred to as bacchae and thyiadĕs ) In Greece, women inspired with ecstatic frenzy by the god Dionysus . See Bacchants...

Maenads

Maenads   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Greek mainas , ‘madwoman’) The Bacchae or Bacchantes, female attendants of bacchus . The name arises from their extravagant gestures and frenzied...

maenads

maenads   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
372 words

...expressed in the intervening period by painters of larger pots. Among the tragedians Aeschylus pictured maenads in various lost plays, e.g. Bassarids , as did Euripides, esp. in Bacchae . Given these changing periods of interest in maenadism in literature and art, we should be wary of privileging Bacchae by ascribing to it a special influence on later maenadic ritual or by tying it too closely to contemporary new cults. The demise of maenadism started in the Hellenistic period and was complete by the 2nd cent. ad...

maenads

maenads   Reference library

Jan N. Bremmer

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
452 words
Illustration(s):
1

... pictured maenads in various of his lost plays, e.g. the Bassarids , as did Euripides, especially in the Bacchae . Given these changing periods of interest in maenadism in literature and art, we should be wary of privileging the Bacchae by ascribing to it a special influence on later maenadic ritual or by tying it too closely to contemporary new cults. The demise of maenadism started in the Hellenistic period and was complete by the 2nd cent. ad . See madness . Jan N. Bremmer maenads An Athenian vase-painter ( c .480 bc ) shows maenads inspired to...

Maenads

Maenads   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
230 words

... , ecstatic and frenzied women in Dionysos 's retinue, who in their madness dance and devour raw flesh. Allusions to maenads are found in late Roman literature both pagan and patristic: thus, Basil the Great (PG 31:189BC) in his list of women's vices speaks of maenadic misbehavior—drunkenness, fornication, insolence, etc., while the vita of John Klimax (PG 88:600B) describes the sword of obedience as extinguishing maenadic tyranny. Nonnos of Panopolis , in the Dionysiaka , presents maenads as zealous warriors in the great Indian war launched by...

maenads

maenads   Reference library

Jan N. Bremmer

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
444 words

...in the intervening period by painters of larger pots. Among the tragedians Aeschylus pictured maenads in various of his lost plays, e.g. the Bassarids , as did Euripides, especially in the Bacchae . Given these changing periods of interest in maenadism in literature and art, we should be wary of privileging the Bacchae by ascribing to it a special influence on later maenadic ritual or by tying it too closely to contemporary new cults. The demise of maenadism started in the Hellenistic period and was complete by the 2nd cent. ad . See madness . A....

Maenads

Maenads   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
595 words

... Greek poets used the term “maenad” to refer to the mythical female followers of the god Dionysus. The Greek word for “maenad” is mainas , a word that means “madwoman.” In Euripides’ Bacchae the word mainas (plural mainades ) is used of two groups of women: the group of devoted foreign female followers who accompany Dionysus from the East, and the group of Theban women punished for not recognizing Dionysus as a god. The first group is inspired by a blessed madness, mania , because they participate joyfully in the god's teletai , sacred rites....

maenads

maenads  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In ancient Greece, a female follower of Bacchus, traditionally associated with divine possession and frenzied rites. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes via Latin from Greek Mainas, ...
maenad

maenad ([Gk Myth.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
89 words

... [Gk Myth.] A female participant in the orgiastic rites of *Dionysus . The maenads were also known as Bacchae. > A woman who behaves in a wildly abandoned way I do not think I shall ever forget the impression she made on me at the party at which I first saw her. She was like a maenad. She danced with an abandon that made you laugh, so obvious was her intense enjoyment of the music and the movement of her young limbs. W. Somerset Maugham The Human Element ...

maenad

maenad   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...maenad , a female follower of Bacchus, not me -. Pronounced /ˈmiːnad/ ....

Maenad

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
12 words

... Bacchante. XVI. — L. Mænas , -ad- — Gr. Mainás , -ad- , f. maínesthai ...

maenad

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... in ancient Greece, a female follower of Bacchus, traditionally associated with divine possession and frenzied rites. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes via Latin from Greek Mainas , Mainad- , from mainesthai ‘to...

maenad

maenad   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
132 words

... • ad , add, Allahabad, bad, Baghdad, bedad, begad, cad, Chad, clad, dad, egad, fad, forbade, gad, glad, grad, had, jihad, lad, mad, pad, plaid, rad, Riyadh, sad, scad, shad, Strad, tad, trad • chiliad • oread • dryad , dyad, naiad, triad • Sinbad • Ahmadabad • Jalalabad • Faisalabad • Islamabad • Hyderabad • grandad • Soledad • Trinidad • doodad • Galahad • Akkad • ecad • cycad , nicad • ironclad • nomad • maenad • monad , trichomonad • gonad • scratch pad • sketch pad • keypad • helipad • launch pad • notepad • footpad • touch pad •...

maenadic

maenadic   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
148 words

... • Chadic , Cycladic, Helladic, maenadic, nomadic, sporadic, triadic • heraldic • Icelandic • asdic • bardic , Haggadic, Lombardic, Sephardic • medic , paramedic, Samoyedic • Wendic • Vedic • comedic , cyclopedic, encyclopedic, medick, orthopaedic ( US orthopedic) • acidic , Druidic, hasidic • dik-dik • Indic , syndic • aperiodic , episodic, geodic, melodic, methodic, monodic, parodic, periodic, prosodic, psalmodic, rhapsodic, Roddick, spasmodic, threnodic • Nordic • ludic , pudic • Talmudic • autobiographic , autographic,...

maenad

maenad noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
28 words
maenad

maenad noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
31 words
maenad

maenad noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
31 words
maenad

maenad noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
65 words
maenad

maenad noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
65 words

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