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Overview

macrosociology

(sociology) A level of analysis concerned with social structures (institutions or whole societies), or with historical or global processes. Approaches from the perspective of ...

macrosociology

macrosociology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... The study of whole societies, the totality of their social structures, and their social...

macrosociology

macrosociology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
47 words

... ( sociology ) A ( macrosocial ) level of analysis concerned with social structures ( institutions or whole societies), or with historical or global processes. Approaches from the perspective of functionalism and Marxist theory are examples. See also social functions ; compare microsociology . ...

macrosociology

macrosociology   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
118 words

... and microsociology A loose but commonly used distinction between sociological approaches that analyze social systems or populations on a large scale or at a high level of abstraction ( macrosociology ) and those that deal primarily with individuals, face-to-face relationships, and the construction of meaning ( microsociology ). The distinction can be applied to a range of related methodological differences in the social sciences, such as the distinction between structure and agency . Anthony Giddens 's theory of structuration and Pierre ...

macrosociology

macrosociology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
563 words

... Macrosociology is usually contrasted with microsociology. The former examines the wider structures , interdependent social institutions, global and historical processes of social life, while the latter is more concerned with action , interaction, and the construction of meaning . In general, theories such as symbolic interactionism, exchange theory, and ethnomethodology are regarded as microsociological theories, whilst Marxism, functionalism, and systems theory are regarded as macrosociological. (All of these theories are treated under separate...

macrosociology

macrosociology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(sociology)A level of analysis concerned with social structures (institutions or whole societies), or with historical or global processes. Approaches from the perspective of functionalism and Marxist ...
microsociology

microsociology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In sociology, a level of analysis concerned with social action, particularly interpersonal interaction and group behaviour. It explores themes such as the production of meaning in face-to-face ...
Galton's problem

Galton's problem  

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Overview Page
The Galton problem is named after Francis Galton, the 19th-century British polymath, who became embroiled in a celebrated exchange about the logic of comparative analysis with the anthropologist ...
qualitative versus quantitative debate

qualitative versus quantitative debate  

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Overview Page
A methodological issue in sociology with arguments for and against a distinction between qualitative and quantitative studies. The debate arises from the distinction drawn between sociologies arising ...
system integration and social integration

system integration and social integration  

Reference type:
Overview Page
These terms were first coined by the British sociologist David Lockwood, in order to indicate what he saw as fundamental problems in both the normative functionalist theories of the 1950s, and the ...
stratification

stratification  

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Overview Page
The organization of research survey questions such that interviews are informally controlled and thus produce results from which valid summaries and comparisons can be constructed.
microsociology

microsociology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...A branch of sociology that focuses on interpersonal interactions and on behaviours of groups. Compare macrosociology...

microsociology

microsociology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
78 words

... consumption of the media, and occupational routines in news production. Ethnomethodology and symbolic interactionism are sociological approaches which focus on this level of analysis ( see also conversation analysis ). See also personal functions ; compare macrosociology . ...

Galton's problem

Galton's problem   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
509 words

...of educational expansion and reform. It is also possible to model cross-national interdependence into comparative macrosociology, for example by using event-history analysis to study how institutional and policy development is affected both by domestic factors, and by the timing of cross-national influences of particular kinds. For an excellent discussion of the implications of Galton's problem for the methodology of comparative macrosociology, of both a case-oriented (qualitative) and variable-oriented (quantitative) kind, and of wider problems of theory...

diaspora

diaspora   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
389 words

...and 1990s, diaspora studies of trans national experiences and communities developed as a self-conscious critique of earlier sociological approaches to inter national migration, this shift in terminology reflecting the more general turn towards globalization as a theme in macrosociology (although postmodernism and post-structuralism are also evident influences). Proponents argue that improvements in transport (such as cheap air fares) and communications (electronic mail, satellite television, the Internet ) have made it possible for diaspora...

qualitative versus quantitative debate

qualitative versus quantitative debate   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
455 words

...Nevertheless, some still hold that the epistemologies underpinning the different types of a data are so divergent that any attempt at combination or reconciliation is impossible. The continuing debate is paralleled in part—but only in part—by the distinction between macrosociology and microsociology. Some researchers adopt the position of there being a substantive difference between observing and analysing regularities and associations at the macro-level of social structures, institutions, and aggregate data, and observing or analysing interactions...

Marxist theory

Marxist theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
471 words

...Althusserian and Gramscian Marxism highlights a divide between structuralism (or determinism ) and humanism (or voluntarism) within Marxism, as in the broader debate over structure vs agency in the social sciences. See also critical theory ; grand narratives ; macrosociology ; political economy ; post-Marxism ; power . ...

individualism

individualism   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
679 words

...Much of the sociological and anthropological tradition takes these concerns very seriously—particularly as they relate to the division between macrosociological accounts of social structures and microsociological approaches to individual and interpersonal behavior ( see macrosociology and microsociology...

stratification

stratification   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
574 words

...the United States are disadvantaged vis-à-vis (respectively) Whites and men; or what chances someone born into the working class has of achieving a middle-class position; we are posing questions about social stratification. Social stratification is thus at the heart of macrosociology —the study of whole societies, in comparative perspective, in an attempt to understand processes of social stability and change . Social stratification begins from Weber's limiting cases of the more traditional status-based society (for example, societies based on ...

system integration and social integration

system integration and social integration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
587 words

...between social integration and system integration is fundamental to any theory which seeks to unite micro and macro levels of analysis. The writings of Jürgen Habermas contain a cognate distinction between ‘life-world’ and (social) ‘system’. See also critical theory ; macrosociology...

World Systems Theory

World Systems Theory   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,420 words

...long periods of time). It came to be embraced by Terrance Hopkins, Christopher Chase-Dunn, Albert Bergesen, Richard Rubinson, Stephen K. Sanderson, and others. WST seeks to combine history and social sciences, making all social science historical social science or a sort of “macrosociology.” It is a grand narrative. Because of its emphasis on development and inequalities among nations, it is of interest to development theorists. Wallerstein broke with theories of modernization that had held sway in development circles and provided a new paradigm on the...

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