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Overview

localization

Altering the content of a product such as a website, computer program, etc., so that it is appropriate to users in a particular country or language group.

localization

localization n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. 1. Determining the position of something. See also eccentric projection , egocentric localization , sound localization . 2. Becoming characteristic of a particular region in attitudes or behaviour. 3. Restricting something to a particular...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemistry (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Chemistry
Length:
18 words

... The confinement of electrons to a particular atom in a molecule or to a particular chemical...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Physics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Physics
Length:
184 words

...can propagate through the system and hence contribute to electrical conductivity. The dividing energies between localized and extended states are called mobility edges . Given sufficient disorder all states become localized. In two dimensions all electron states in disordered solids are thought to be localized, with some states being strongly localized around specific sites while other states are weakly localized around specific sites. Localization also occurs in disordered solids for other excitations , such as phonons and spin waves...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
28 words

... Altering the content of a product such as a website, computer program, etc., so that it is appropriate to users in a particular country or language...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... The action of tailoring a generic software product, such as an application package, by setting parameters or configuration data that correspond to a particular geolocation (e.g. language,...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
38 words

...localization A media strategy based on emphasizing the benefits of the local as opposed to the regional, national, or global. This can be seen most clearly in forms of hyperlocal journalism . See also local journalism ; Tindle Newspapers...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
96 words

...localization The creation and assertion of particularistic and place-based meanings, identities, and socio-political groupings in response to globally circulating economic, social, and political pressures and patterns. It is a key concept in anthropological studies of globalization , especially those that highlight globalization’s interplay of contradictory patterns of cultural fragmentation and homogenization (Friedman 1994), and those that view globalization through a hybridity lens. Settings in which anthropologists have studied localization...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
82 words

... 1. A form of resistance to globalization promoting diversity and specialization and opposed to standardization and homogenization . Localization is often viewed in a dialectical relationship with globalization. See also disembedding ; re-embedding . 2. The tailored promotion of products and services by international companies to consumers in particular countries or regions. For example, internationally produced television commercials are overdubbed by actors who talk with regional accents. Products may also be customized to meet the demands...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
68 words

... 1. The processes by which economic and other activity is embedded in places, either in contrast to, in opposition to, or as a related aspect of, globalization . 2. Resistance to globalization based on increased local control and economic self-sufficiency. In economic geography, ‘localization economies’ are cost savings arising from the physical clustering of firms in the same sector ( see agglomeration economies ). See also deglobalization...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Audiology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
214 words

...localization The placement of sound, which depends on the use of a set of acoustic cues from the pinna in addition to visual cues. Sound arriving from above and below produces reflections of the signal referred to as pinna echoes. Vertical localization is dependent on the echo of sound from below arriving fractionally later that from above. Horizontal localization requires two ears. The interaural differences (of time, phase, and sound level) are due to the distance between the ears and the effect of the head on sound signals, which is frequency-dependent....

Localization

Localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
141 words

... ( indigenization ) The policy of certain Middle Eastern states of replacing expatriate workers with local workers in order to reduce unemployment and to develop the human capital and skills of their people. The policy is applied in all the Gulf countries, where it is locally referred to as Omanization, Emiratization, Saudization, etc. The policy commonly involves the use of targets, percentage quotas for the employment of nationals, and the demarcation of certain trades or jobs for nationals only. The policy has led to parallel labour markets in...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
138 words

... 1 The process by which globally launched campaigns , products , and services can be customized and made relevant to the local market. In some cases this could be as simple as translation into the local language; otherwise it could mean a complete redesign of the global product or service to meet the needs and customs of the local market. An example is CNN, a global broadcasting network that has developed local language news reporting. This latter type of marketing often acts as a counterpoint to the globalizing trends in marketing that have been...

localisation

localisation f   Reference library

Oxford Business French Dictionary: French-English

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
19 words
localisation

localisation nf   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford-Hachette French Dictionary: French-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
13 words
stereotactic localization

stereotactic localization   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
53 words

...localization the accurate localization, with the help of scans, of structures within the body by using three-dimensional measurements. It enables the accurate positioning within the body of radiotherapy beams or sources for the treatment of tumours and of localizing wires for the biopsy of small tumours. See also stereotaxy ; cyberknife ; gamma knife...

localization economies

localization economies   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... economies Advantages arising from the localization together of a number of firms in the same type of industry. Localization economies are benefits which derive from being located close to other firms in the same industry, while urbanization economies are associated with closeness to overall economic activity and include knowledge externalities and a skilled labour...

Anderson localization

Anderson localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemistry (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Chemistry
Length:
140 words

...localization The localization of electrons in a disordered solid that occurs because of that disorder. The localized states are at the tails of the energy bands , with critical energies called mobility edges separating these states from extended states , i.e. states that can propagate through the solid. Localized states cannot conduct electricity at absolute zero but extended states can. A mobility edge is analogous to a critical temperature in a phase transition . Indeed, Anderson localization can be analysed using methods used in the theory...

egocentric localization

egocentric localization n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...localization n. Awareness of the spatial positions of objects in the immediate environment relative to one's...

sound localization

sound localization n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...locate sound sources to within about one degree in both the horizontal and vertical dimensions (azimuth and elevation), more accurately than any other species that has been tested, its left ear pointing downwards and its right ear upwards to aid localization in the vertical dimension. Also called auditory localization or auditory space perception . See also audiogravic illusion , auditory receptive field , biosonar , cone of confusion , pseudophone , superior olivary nucleus , trapezoid body...

cytoplasmic localization

cytoplasmic localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
107 words

...localization the process whereby maternally or zygotically synthesized molecules become situated in specific spatial locations in the egg or zygote. This has been most widely examined in the Drosophila egg (e.g., in formation of the pole plasm ( q.v .) or in positioning of cytoplasmic determinants ( q.v .) that are later required for embryonic body pattern formation) and is thought to be a stepwise process involving synthesis of the maternal product, its transport to the desired location, anchoring, and maintenance of localization. These steps are...

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