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Literature

Colonial EraEarly National and Antebellum ErasCivil War to World War ISince World War I Colonial Era Early National and Antebellum Eras Civil War to World War ...

Literature

Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,952 words

...ed. What Is Literature? Bloomington, IN, and London, 1978. A collection of essays on the problem of defining literature. Kernan, Alvin . The Death of Literature . New Haven, CT, 1990. Typical of many laments from the culture wars about how the literature has been devalued in an age of electronic media. Marino, Adrian . The Biography of “the Idea of Literature” from Antiquity to the Baroque . Translated by Virgil Stanciu and Charles M. Carlton. Albany, NY, 1996. Exhaustive survey of early notions of literature. Miller, J. Hillis . On Literature . London and...

Elizabethan literature

Elizabethan literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
25 words

...literature A name often applied to the literature produced in the reigns of Elizabeth I and the first Stuarts. See also Drab ; Golden...

American Literature

American Literature (1929)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
31 words

...Literature ( 1929 –), journal of literary history, criticism, and bibliography, published quarterly by the Duke University Press with the cooperation of the American Literature Group of the Modern Language...

comparative literature

comparative literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
95 words

...literature An academic discipline in which literary works and traditions of more than one nation or language are studied, thus permitting fuller understanding of international literary movements and affiliations. By contrast with nationally or linguistically defined disciplines such as ‘English literature’, comparative literature ranges freely across frontiers in search of cross‐cultural influences and correspondences. The name does not imply any obligation to compare different national literary traditions. The discipline has been more favoured by...

American Literature

American Literature (1929–)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
32 words

...Literature ( 1929– ) , journal of literary history, criticism, and bibliography, published quarterly by the Duke University Press with the cooperation of the American Literature Group of the Modern Language...

Literature Board

Literature Board   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
384 words

...federal government support to literature and took over the functions of the Common-wealth Literary Fund but with a greatly increased budget: the first full allocation of the Literature Board was four times that of the final budget ($300 000) of the CLF. With increased funding, the Literature Board has been able, particularly in its early years, to broaden the support to Australian literature provided by the CLF, although assistance is offered in the same four areas: direct assistance to writers through the provision of pensions, now replaced by emeritus...

Chicano literature

Chicano literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
75 words

...literature is the writing of Hispanic Americans, mainly of Mexican ancestry, which dates back to 1848 , when parts of the south‐west were annexed by the USA. The 1960s saw a renaissance in this area and the appropriation of the notion of Aztlan (originally denoting an Aztec homeland) to mean an ideal state of unification. See the anthology Literatura Chicana, 1965–1995 (1997) ; Julio A. Martinez and Francisco A. Lomeli , Chicano Literature: A Reference Guide ...

Celtic literature

Celtic literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
154 words

...literature Other than between Irish and Scottish Gaelic, there was little sense of common ground or purpose in the literature of the Celtic languages (Welsh, Cornish, Breton and the two major divisions of Gaelic) before the series of ‘Celtic Revivals’ that began in the 18th century and culminated with Matthew Arnold and W. B. Yeats a hundred years later. Common themes can nonetheless be seen in the writings collected by Kenneth Jackson in A Celtic Miscellany ( 1951 ) and in Arthurian materials that had expanded to a pan‐European tradition. The...

rogue literature

rogue literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
146 words

...literature A very popular type of writing about the underworld in the 16th and 17th centuries. Its practitioners include the Kentish landowner Thomas Harman ( fl. 1547–67 ), whose Caveat for Common Cursitors first appeared in 1566 ; Robert Copland ( see High Way to the Spital House ); Robert Greene , whose pamphlets describe ‘coney-catching’, that is, the deception of innocents; and Thomas Dekker . Rogue literature is generally vividly descriptive and often allegedly confessional, providing an important source for our knowledge of everyday...

Proletarian Literature

Proletarian Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
368 words

..., who helped to break taboos and brought literature closer to contemporary social problems. During the 1920s and '30s Dos Passos , Farrell , and Steinbeck were among the leading writers who sympathized with the broader concepts of proletarian literature, but they refused to be confined by what they viewed as dogmatic restrictions. During the Depression other authors who moved to the far left in their social views and were avowedly or apparently in major accord with the tenets of proletarian literature included the novelists Robert Cantwell , Jack...

Canadian Literature

Canadian Literature (1959– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
371 words

...in a number of anthologies. A choice of critics: selections from ‘Canadian Literature’ ( 1966 ) and The Sixties: Canadian writers and writing of the decade ( 1969 ) are general selections. More specialized are Malcolm Lowry: the man and his work ( 1971 ); Wyndham Lewis in Canada ( 1971 ); Poets and critics: essays from ‘Canadian Literature’ 1966–74 ( 1974 ); Colony and Confederation ( 1974 ); and The Canadian novel in the twentieth century: essays from ‘Canadian Literature’ ( 1975 ). All these volumes were edited by Woodcock , who wrote the...

Postcolonial Literature

Postcolonial Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,681 words

...fundamental challenge to the category of “British literature.” Postcolonialism describes a body of literature that cannot be contained within traditionally British geographical, cultural, and historical boundaries. At the same time, it contests the colonial premises of British literature. Yet the fact that this entry, “Postcolonial Literature,” appears under the general rubric of an “Encyclopedia of British Literature” suggests that the term “postcolonial” marks a certain failure to displace British literature. Theories of postcolonialism have tended to...

courtesy literature

courtesy literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
98 words

...literature As a distinct literary genre teaching courtiers and others good manners and morals, was imported into England through works such as Castiglione 's Il cortegiano (translated by Sir Thomas Hoby in 1561 ), Giovanni della Casa 's Il galateo (translated by Robert Peterson in 1576 ), and Stefano Guazzo 's La civil conversatione (Bks I–III translated by George Pettie in 1581 ; Bk IV by Bartholomew Yonge in 1586 ). Henry Peacham 's The Compleat Gentleman ( 1622 ) was one of the most popular native examples of this type of writing...

Religious Literature

Religious Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
535 words

...pervasive influence on the forms and content of vernacular literature cannot just be explained by the evangelistic, missionary ideology of the Roman Catholic Church combined with its prominent public role and extensive patronage network. One needs to consider the full range of genres encompassed by religious literature (and chronicled by Girolamo Tiraboschi with a coverage never subsequently matched for acuity and range). They included not only hagiography , sermons , sacre rappresentazioni , and translations of the Bible (in particular the...

Children's Literature

Children's Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
467 words

...Literature . Though children's literature as a recognized genre emerged in Italy only with the Risorgimento , it owed much to folk literature, literary fairy tales, and Aesopian fables. Two early texts for adults have an incalculable importance for children's literature everywhere. Straparola 's Le piacevoli notti ( 1550–3 ) included, among Eastern tales and animal fables, the first known Puss-in-Boots, albeit female and unshod, whilst Basile 's Neapolitan Lo cunto de li cunti ( 1634–6 ) contains early fairy tales, combining magical and...

Yiddish literature

Yiddish literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,121 words

...literature . Yiddish literature in Canada began in the first decades of the twentieth century, when East European Jews, seeking refuge from the poverty and persecution of their native countries, began arriving in large numbers. They settled mainly in Montreal, Toronto, and Winnipeg. Unlike earlier Jewish immigrants to Canada, who had come from Britain or the United States, these new arrivals were Yiddish-speaking. Yiddish, a Germanic language with a large admixture of Hebrew, as well as Slavic and Romance elements, was, until the Second World War, the...

Children's Literature

Children's Literature   Reference library

Michael Rosen

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,410 words

...Literature Michael Rosen Children's literature is of course literature written for children. However, this poses certain problems: what should we say of the works which weren't written specifically for children but have ended up being read by many of them, or have been repeatedly adapted for a children's audience? It has been generally accepted by publishers and readers that these two kinds of literature (like folk tales and adaptations of such works as Robinson Crusoe ) are both part of the world of children's literature. Meanwhile, both the...

War Literature

War Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
7,994 words

...Literature What text epitomizes the literature of war? A battlefield account by an American soldier? A work of fiction written at the time of a war? Or fiction written after a war, but set in a remembered zone of conflict? The poetry of the battlefield? The poetry of those left out of the battle? What about the literature of the interned? The literature of the violated? The literature of the displaced, of the indigenous peoples of America? The literature of the immigrants who arrived in the United States in the wake of foreign wars? The choices are...

lads' literature

lads' literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
166 words

...literature Often abbreviated to ‘lad lit’; writing from the 1990s onward which reflects the tastes and preoccupations of young men. The male equivalent of ‘chick lit’, ‘lad lit’ emerged in the wake of the identification of the social phenomenon of the ‘New Lad’, a hedonistic consumer of drink and drugs, unashamed of his obsessions with sport, cars, and women and apparently unaffected by feminist demands for a more mature masculinity. Magazines such as Loaded provided the New Lad with much of his reading matter but there are also key texts in hardcovers. ...

Children's Literature

Children's Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
4,195 words

...Construction of Children's Literature in America . Baltimore, 2003. Though focusing largely on American literary traditions, this study raises important methodological and theoretical points about the teaching and academic criticism of children's literature. Hunt, Peter . An Introduction to Children's Literature . Oxford, 1994. A good, clear survey of the traditions, although slight on literary criticism and largely dismissive of academic trends in the last third of the twentieth century. Hunt, Peter , ed. Children's Literature: An Illustrated History ....

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