You are looking at 1-20 of 3,697 entries  for:

  • All: literacy x
clear all

View:

Overview

literacy

Subject: History

1. The ability to read and write, contrasted with illiteracy. In looser usage this also includes basic arithmetical competence. Compare multimodality; oracy. ...

literacy

literacy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
181 words

... 1. The ability to read and write, contrasted with illiteracy . In looser usage this also includes basic arithmetical competence. Compare multimodality ; oracy . 2. Functional literacy : a level of minimal competence in reading and writing (and sometimes also basic arithmetic) essential for daily life and work. 3. Used more metaphorically for technical competence (e.g. computer literacy ) and/or critical discrimination (e.g. media literacy, news literacy), or even more broadly (e.g. cultural literacy, information literacy, ...

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
354 words

... . Literacy is defined broadly in two ways: as the acquisition of technical skills, that is, the ability to read and write (functional literacy) and as a set of practices or forms of knowledge that form deep-seated dispositions in the person who is literate (cultural literacy). Three different kinds of cultural literacy are discernible: literary literacy imparts skills that play an important part in the acquisition of literary competence; visual literacy is defined as the competence to understand symbols and signs in pictures; and media literacy concerns...

literacy

literacy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...literacy The quality of being literate, able to read and write. There are wide variations. Some people can only read labels on price tags, train or bus timetables, instructions on packaged food or bottles of medicine, and newspapers consisting mainly of pictures and large headlines (functional literacy). A higher level of literacy is required to read serious prose, poetry, or scientific journals, although this does not necessarily mean that advanced literacy always confers ability to follow simple written directions, such as labels on bottles of medicine or...

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

Harvey J. Graff

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and diffused literacy. For many reasons, literacy was more restricted in the South and among racial and some ethnic minorities. Women's rates of literacy increased rapidly in the nineteenth century. African Americans and members of other minority groups waged impressive struggles for literacy. Over time, public schools increasingly took on responsibility for literacy training, replacing less formal ways of learning to read and write. As the literacy levels of virtually all groups rose in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, literacy's symbolic role as...

Literacy.

Literacy.   Reference library

Harvey J. Graff

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
896 words

...and diffused literacy. For many reasons, literacy was more restricted in the South and among racial and some ethnic minorities. Women's rates of literacy increased rapidly in the nineteenth century. African Americans and members of other minority groups waged impressive struggles for literacy. Over time, public schools increasingly took on responsibility for literacy training, replacing less formal ways of learning to read and write. As the literacy levels of virtually all groups rose in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, literacy's symbolic role as...

literacy

literacy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
133 words

... The ability to read and to write at a standard appropriate both to the individual’s needs and to society’s expectations. Standards of literacy, particularly among school-leavers, have been a matter of concern to educationalists, governments, and employers. At a policy level the problem has been addressed in a number of ways, including the introduction of key skills across the post-16 curriculum; the introduction of a National Literacy Strategy for schools ( 1998–2011 ); additional resources to support basic skills provision for adults; and the...

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,628 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Harvey . The Labyrinths of Literacy: Reflections on Literacy Past and Present , rev. and expanded ed. Pittsburgh, 1995. This volume provides a collection of Graff's surveys of both historical and current issues related to literacy. Graff, Harvey . Legacies of Literacy . Bloomington, 1986. Graff provides a comprehensive survey of historical material on literacy through its date of publication. It provides an indispensable starting point for any systematic study of the subject. Graff, Harvey . The Literacy Myth: Literacy and Social Structure in the...

literacy

literacy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
983 words

..., Literacy and the Social Order (1980) P. Freire and D. Macedo , Literacy (1987) J. Goody , The Logic of Writing and the Organization of Society (1986) — The Power of the Written Tradition (2000) — and I. Watt , ‘ The Consequences of Literacy ’, Comparative Studies in Society and History , 5 (1963), 304–45 H. Graff , Legacies of Literacy (1987) R. Houston , Literacy in Early Modern Europe (1988) D. Mitch , The Rise of Popular Literacy in Victorian England (1992) L. Neilsen , Literacy and Living (1989) W. J. Ong , Orality and Literacy ...

literacy

literacy   Reference library

Rosalind Thomas

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
670 words

...There are also many different levels of literacy, which complicate the picture, from the basic ability to figure out a short message, to functional literacy or ‘craft literacy’, to the skill required for reading a literary papyrus (reading and writing skills may also have been separate). However, certain broad generalizations are possible. The ‘mass literacy’ of modern industrial countries was never achieved in the ancient world (cf. Harris (see bibliog. below), who believes a maximum of 20–30 per cent literacy was achieved, and that in Hellenistic...

Literacy

Literacy   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
1,172 words

...of literacy through mandatory training in such things as historical literacy (awareness of the main outlines of history, especially as regards one’s own country), cultural literacy (a knowledge of classical texts and great writers of one’s own culture), mathematical literacy (also called numeracy ), symbolic literacy (an appreciation of the value and use of symbols of various kinds), media literacy (familiarity with and a capacity to understand and to some extent evaluate the different media and what they provide), and computer literacy ...

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,108 words

... . Literacy is essentially a function of access to a writing system, regardless of the language. Traditionally, literacy was defined as the ability to read and write. The term has broadened to include the application of written information to further one's social functionality and to augment one's full potential. An accepted axiom of most societies is that literacy boosts intellection and cultural productivity. More recently, literacy is also con-sidered to be the foundation for political and social empowerment. Until the modern era, literacy had been...

literacy

literacy   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
501 words

...of literacy, from the basic ability to figure out a short message, to functional literacy or ‘craft literacy’, to the skill required for reading a literary papyrus (reading and writing skills may also have been separate). However, certain broad generalizations are possible. The ‘mass literacy’ of modern industrial countries was never achieved in the ancient world. Women, slaves, and the lower social levels would be less literate. Archaic Greece and esp. Archaic Rome have left few instances of writing (graffiti, inscriptions), implying sparse literacy, and...

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,987 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Why Does Literacy Matter? Arguably literacy is an essential determinant of the quality of life. By enhancing cognitive skills, literacy enables fuller development of human potential, and helps promote a sense of self-worth and dignity. As such literacy is often proclaimed as a human right and measures of literacy are included directly in indices of human welfare. For instance, a country’s adult literacy rate is a significant component of UN’s Human Development Index. Literacy also plays a prominent role in social development. In India, literacy, especially...

literacy

literacy   Reference library

Douglas J. Allen

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
419 words

... , the ability to read and write, is the measure usually taken as a key indicator of a country’s economic and social advancement. Efforts by historians to pinpoint the exact level of literacy in Britain at any time have proved notoriously difficult, with estimates requiring further qualification by regional, gender, class, and rural/urban divisions, and by what level of literacy is meant. Estimates for mid-17th-cent. basic literacy, for example, range from 10 to 30 per cent of the population, with differences such as 15–20 per cent in the rural north,...

literacy

literacy   Reference library

Rosalind Thomas

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
584 words

...are also many different levels of literacy, which complicate the picture, from the basic ability to figure out a short message, to functional literacy or ‘craft literacy’, to the skill required for reading a literary papyrus (reading and writing skills may also have been separate). However, certain broad generalizations are possible. The ‘mass literacy’ of modern industrial countries was never achieved in the ancient world (cf. W. V. Harris, Ancient Literacy ( 1989 ), who believes a maximum of 20–30 per cent literacy was achieved, and that in Hellenistic...

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,761 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . The historiography of modern literacy was once an optimistic story of progress. It seemed clear that the advance of literacy inevitably led to democracy, economic prosperity, and personal freedom and fulfillment. More recently, however, “the literacy myth” (as Harvey Graff called it) has been complicated by some troubling questions. Is literacy essential to freedom? Frederick Douglass certainly thought so, as did many other emancipated slaves who during Reconstruction worked to raise literacy levels in black communities, with considerable success....

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
7,131 words

...and memory, literacy produces inauthentic knowledge and weakens the mnemonic function. 1. The significance of literacy In current scholarship concerned with the ways that literacy shapes human experience, there is broad consensus on the most basic premise: literacy changes the actual and possible interactions between people and the world. Therefore, the introduction of literacy into a society is a development of momentous importance. There is also agreement on some of the characteristics of literacy which can make it so important. Literacy makes possible a...

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
967 words

...to establish. Figures are likely to have been comparable in other affluent Renaissance cities. By way of comparison, it has been estimated that York in 1530 had 20–25 per cent male literacy and hardly any adult female literacy. The situation is further complicated by the distinction between Latin and vernacular literacy. For Latin, known only to a minority, literacy was a sine qua non. All those who knew Latin were literate—in fact it was not possible to know Latin and be illiterate. On the other hand everyone had a vernacular mother tongue. What...

literacy

literacy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
782 words

...write. In the towns literacy was more widespread than in the countryside, though the ability to write a name was rare amongst the poorer inhabitants, and almost entirely absent in those who were female. Literacy levels may have risen slowly in the first half of the 18th century. They undoubtedly grew more rapidly during the second half, and at the end of the century practically all larger leaseholders and most artisans and shopkeepers had reading and writing skills. Formalized school instruction had become more common and brought literacy into households...

literacy

literacy   Reference library

Graham Barrett and Oliver Nicholson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... There were two major developments in literacy during Late Antiquity: the decline of the Late Roman imperial administration , which employed men with a literary education, and the rise of Christianity, which extended its audience while narrowing its content. Greek and Latin literacy Literacy in the Later Roman Empire was limited, to the educated. By the 4th century , the classical educational ideal of paideia focused on the trivium of grammar , rhetoric , and dialectic. The grammaticus and then the rhetor , supervised the learning by heart of a...

View: