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liberation Theology

Subject: Religion

A theological movement that came to prominence in the Conference of Latin American bishops held at Medellín in Colombia in 1968. The term ‘liberation’ springs from dislike of ...

Liberation Theology

Liberation Theology   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,056 words

...the black church, and contemporary Christian theology. Teachings. Liberation theology teaches that the mission of God in Jesus Christ and the purpose of the Christian church is the social and spiritual liberation of the world. Liberation theology therefore moves away from traditional Christian theology, whose major source is Western philosophy and whose purpose is to explain the nature of God. Liberation theology's major source material is the narratives of oppressed persons, groups, and communities. It is a theology of praxis, or reflection on action, in which...

liberation theology

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Geraldine Lievesley

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
218 words

...poor nations. In 1968 , the Latin American Episcopal Conference ( CELAM ) meeting in Medellín, Colombia, espoused liberation theology (the fullest expression of which is Gustavo Gutierrez’s Theology of Liberation , 1971 ). Since the 1970s, the Vatican has attempted to reassert its authority, attempting to neutralize the influence of the grass‐roots organizations. National churches have experienced schisms. Nevertheless, liberation theology has had a profound impact, demonstrated, for example, by the Chilean Church’s deep involvement in human rights...

liberation theology

liberation theology   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
120 words

... theology A movement within the Catholic church that fuses theology with secular concerns about social justice. Beginning in the 1960s in Latin America, liberation theology challenged the traditional place of the church as the defender of an extremely inegalitarian social order. It brought tools from Western Marxism to bear on the analysis of that order and reexamined the role of the clergy at the local level. The defining moment of the movement came in 1968 with the writing of the Medellin declaration by the Conference of Latin American Bishops....

Liberation Theology

Liberation Theology   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
626 words

...(James Cone); feminist theology has measured the “patriarchalization” of biblical hermeneutics ( Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza ); and queer theology has asserted that God is HIV-positive ( Robert Goss ). On the one hand, critics have charged that theologies of liberation misread biblical texts and substitute sociopolitical analyses for theology. On the other hand, proponents have developed critical histories of modernity and globalization to affirm the reinterpretation of Christianity and the global significance of liberation theologies. Latin American, African...

Liberation Theology

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K.C. Abraham

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

... Theology Liberative praxis is a method of carrying out theology. Praxis does not mean that theory is rejected. On the contrary, liberationists assert that rigorous theoretical reflection should emerge from practice that is oriented to transformation. In South Asia, the liberation paradigm is consciously adopted by theologians from marginal groups like Dalits * , tribals * (indigenous people), fish workers * , and women. For them, theology is not a systematic explication of timeless truths, nor is it a matter of imposing a prefabricated system of...

Liberation Theology

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
863 words

... Theology (perhaps more accurately in the plural, Liberation theologies ), an understanding of the role of theology in moving from abstraction to praxis, in which the actual condition of the poor is the starting-point. It was defined by H. Assmann as ‘teologia desde la praxis de la liberación’ (‘theology starting from the praxis of liberation’), and by G. Gutiérrez (b. 1928 ) as ‘a critical reflection both from within, and upon, historical praxis, in confrontation with the word of the Lord as lived and experienced in faith’. Liberation theology...

Liberation Theology

Liberation Theology   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,176 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of Liberation Theology . Translated by Phillip Berryman . Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1998. Examination of the post-1990 context. Ellacuría, Ignacio , and Jon Sobrino , eds. Mysterium Liberationis: Fundamental Concepts of Liberation Theology . Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1993. Essays by theologians covering all major theological themes. Gutiérrez, Gustavo . A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics, and Salvation . Translated and edited by Sister Caridad Inda and John Eagleson . Rev. ed. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1988. Key formulation of liberation theology....

Liberation Theology

Liberation Theology   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,282 words

... Exponents of Liberation Theology include: E. [D.] Dussel , Caminos de liberación latinoamericana (Buenos Aires, 1972; Eng. tr., History and the Theology of Liberation , Maryknoll, NY, 1976); H. Assmann , Teología desde la praxis de la liberación (Salamanca, 1973; Eng. tr., Practical Theology of Liberation , 1975); J. L. Segundo , Liberación de la teología (Buenos Aires, 1975; Eng. tr., The Liberation of Theology , New York, 1976); J. Míguez Bonino , Revolutionary Theology comes of Age (1975; in USA entitled, Doing Theology in a...

liberation theology

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
480 words

...of those discriminated against. Liberation theology has not been favourably received by those theologians who detect in it a Marxist analysis of society. They fear that Jesus is interpreted in predetermined categories and made to fit into them, and also that much liberation theology is indifferent to biblical scholarship and to moral theologians' work to reconcile the legitimate aspirations of the poor with society's need for order. Nevertheless, the influence of liberation theology (and movements such as * feminist theology which are akin to it) is...

liberation theology

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
331 words

... theology . A theological movement that came to prominence in the Conference of Latin American bishops held at Medellín in Colombia in 1968 . While there are differences of emphasis among liberation theologians, the salient features of their thought are: 1 a preferential option for the poor, that is the idea that the Church's primary duty in a situation of oppression is to support the poor; 2 liberation is seen as an essential element in salvation, since salvation is concerned with the whole person, not just his or her spiritual needs; 3 the ...

Liberation Theology

Liberation Theology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,239 words

...to learn, as liberation theology has done, from the experience of the poor and oppressed will have a continuing vitality and appeal. (See also Development and Underdevelopment ; Religion and Politics ; Revolution ; Roman Catholic Church ; Vatican II .) Michael Novak , Will It Liberate? Questions about Liberation Theology (New York, 1986). Phillip Berryman , Liberation Theology (New York, 1987). Arthur F. McGovern , Liberation Theology and its Critics: Toward an Assessment (Maryknoll, N.Y., 1989). Paul E. Sigmund , Liberation Theology at the...

liberation theology

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
238 words

...met with fierce opposition from the elites. Hence, one of the movement's leading proponents, Archbishop Oscar Romero , was murdered in El Salvador in 1980 . Liberation theology, was opposed by the Vatican under John Paul II and Cardinal Ratzinger ( Benedict XVI ) through fear of the politicization of the Church. In 1985 , the Vatican withdrew its teaching licence from the leading liberation theologian, the Brazilian Leonardo Boff, because of his support for armed struggle as a last resort. The arrival of the Latin American Pope Francis at the...

Liberation Theology

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Alissa Jones Nelson

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,922 words

... encompassed a much broader sweep of theological movements, from Black theology in the United States and South Africa to Minjung theology in Korea, from Dalit theology in India to Palestinian theology in Israel/Palestine and Native American theology in North America. Thus what is commonly referred to as ‘Liberation theology’ is better indicated by the plural term ‘Liberation theologies’. Liberation theologies are characterized by two primary foci. The first of these is God's...

Liberation Theology

Liberation Theology   Reference library

Paul E. Sigmund

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,445 words

... Theology Liberation theology was first developed in Latin America in the 1960s. Its most important theorist, Gustavo Gutierrez, wrote articles and later a book, A Theology of Liberation, that argued that a central element of the message of the Bible is the special duty of Christians to work with the poor and oppressed for their liberation in history. He also criticized earlier theological writing as excessively abstract and too supportive of existing power struc-tures, calling for a new hermeneutic way of doing theology that applies biblical...

Christianity (7c) – Liberation Theology

Christianity (7c) – Liberation Theology   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
2,409 words

...– Liberation Theology Liberation theology emerged in Latin America during the late 1960s as a theological and religious movement among Roman Catholic clergy and laypeople. The following decades saw the swift spread of its method among both Roman Catholic as well as Protestant Churches, especially in less affluent, southern hemisphere countries. These diverse practitioners were attracted by the specific approach and method of liberation theology, which can be defined as nondualistic, biblical-based praxis rooted in the experience of the poor. This theology was...

Liberation theology

Liberation theology   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... theology . The theory originating among Roman Catholic theologians in South America that liberation from social, political, and economic oppression is a vital constituent of the Christian message. The term translates Spanish teología de la liberación , coined by the Peruvian Gustavo Guttierez in 1968 and used for the title of his book published in 1971 . ‘Liberation’ expresses a dislike of ‘development’, meaning an imposed solution to South America's problems, determined by the industrialized nations and involving little initiative on the part of...

liberation theology

liberation theology noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
54 words
liberation theology

liberation theology noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
liberation theology

liberation theology noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
23 words
liberation theology

liberation theology noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
79 words

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