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Overview

lexicon

1. (linguistics) The vocabulary of a language (its lexical items or lexemes), an individual, or a branch of knowledge.

2. A dictionary.

lexicon

lexicon   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
29 words

...lexicon [E17th] While a dictionary [LME] goes back to the Latin dicere ‘to speak’, lexicon comes from Greek lexikon (biblion) ‘(book) of words’, from lexis ‘word’, from legein ...

Lexicon

Lexicon   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Lexicon . 1. A term in linguistics , especially psycholinguistics, for the network of lexemes as stored in the brain, including both content and function words. 2. A work of reference listing and explaining words: Henry G. Liddell & Robert Scott , Greek–English Lexicon ( 1843 ). A lexicon is usually a dictionary that deals either with a classical or scriptural language or a technical or facetious subject ( Jonathon Green , The Cynic’s Lexicon: A Dictionary of Amoral Advice , 1984 ). It may also, however, be a word list ( Roland Hindmarsh...

lexicon

lexicon   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
28 words

... 1. (linguistics) The vocabulary of a language (its lexical items or lexemes ), of an individual, or of a branch of knowledge . 2. A dictionary. ...

lexicon

lexicon n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. 1. The entire vocabulary of a language, especially one that is listed alphabetically like a dictionary. English is believed to have the largest lexicon of any language: the Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.) defines more than 500,000 words. 2. The entire vocabulary of an individual. The US psychologist George A(rmitage) Miller ( 1920–2012 ) estimated in 1991 that the average high-school graduate has a passive lexicon of about 60,000 words that are understood but not necessarily used. Also called a mental lexicon . 3. A list of words...

lexicon

lexicon   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
149 words

... The complete set of vocabulary items in a language, especially considered as part of a theoretical description. In theoretical frameworks the lexicon is a special component consisting of lexical entries which may contain not only semantic information about each item, but also much more complete phonological and syntactic information than ordinary dictionaries would offer. There is a lively debate about the question of how much information should be contained in the lexicon. •• mental lexicon : the store of words in the mind. How it is organized is...

lexicon

lexicon   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
172 words

... Any aspect of a language, or a part of a linguist’s account of a language, that is centred on units which have individual meanings. Distinguished as such from grammar or syntax , as concerned with structures in the abstract. But structures in grammar themselves reflect the properties of the lexical units that enter into them, which may be very general or very specific. Therefore the precise scope of a lexicon, as a description of the properties of or assigned to individual units, will vary from one theory of language to another. In one account it has...

Lexicon

Lexicon   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
3,406 words

...Grammar In its broadest sense, the lexicon is a “list of basic irregularities” of a language (Bloomfield 1933 :274), often viewed as an inventory of morphemes or of words. Within generative grammar, four main questions have arisen concerning the lexicon: (a) What elements does the lexicon contain? Are these only morphemes with no internal constituent structure, or also structurally complex items such as words or even phrases? (b) What are the properties of those elements, and how are they represented? (c) Is the lexicon merely a list, or does it comprise a...

mental lexicon

mental lexicon n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...lexicon n. Another name for a lexicon ( 2 )...

mental lexicon

mental lexicon   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
18 words

...lexicon A lexicon as assumed by many psycholinguists to be represented in the minds of...

Lexicon, the Philosophical

Lexicon, the Philosophical   Reference library

David H. Sanford

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
177 words

..., the Philosophical . Originally compiled by Daniel Dennett and Joe Lambert , and later by Dennett alone, this collection of definitions converts proper names of (mostly twentieth-century) philosophers into common nouns, verbs, adverbs, and adjectives. Entry examples follow. braithwaite , n. The interval of time between two books. ‘His second book followed his first after a long braithwaite.’ carnap , n. A formally defined symbol, operator, special bit of notation. grice , n. Conceptual intricacy. ‘His examination of Hume is distinguished by...

lexicon

lexicon   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...lexicon . The plural is lexicons...

lexicon

lexicon   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
25 words

... XVII. — modL. — Gr. lexikón , n. sg. of lexikós pert. to words, f. léxis phrase, word, f. légein speak; see LECTION . So lexicographer, lexicography...

lexicon

lexicon   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
158 words

... • blacken , bracken, slacken • Sri Lankan • Alaskan , Gascon, Madagascan, Nebraskan • Aachen , darken, hearken, kraken, Marcan, Petrarchan • Interlaken • beckon , Deccan, pekan, reckon • Mencken • awaken , bacon, betaken, forsaken, Jamaican, mistaken, partaken, shaken, taken, waken • godforsaken • archdeacon , beacon, Costa Rican, deacon, Dominican, Mohican, Mozambican, Puerto Rican, weaken • quicken , sicken, stricken, thicken, Wiccan • silken • Incan , Lincoln • brisken , Franciscan • barbican • Rubicon • Gallican • Anglican • ...

lexicon

lexicon n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
lexicon

lexicon noun   Quick reference

Oxford Paperback Thesaurus (4 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
11 words
lexicon

lexicon n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford-Hachette French Dictionary: English-French (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
lexicon

lexicon noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
80 words
lexicon

lexicon noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
78 words
lexicon

lexicon n.   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford German Dictionary: English German (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
15 words
lexicon

lexicon noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
44 words

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