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lexeme

A word, in the sense of a dictionary entry. Distinct string of letters may be forms of the same lexeme (‘fills’, ‘filled’, ‘filling’); conversely, identical strings of letters (bank, the ...

lexeme

lexeme   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
368 words

... and -th . • lexemic : of or relating to lexemes. • lexemics : the study of lexemes. •• compound lexeme : a compound word whose meaning can sometimes not be deduced from its parts (also called word lexeme ), or a similar combination of words; e.g. greenhouse , bucket shop . •• lexeme formation : see word formation . See also lexical item ; word...

lexeme

lexeme   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
78 words

... A word, in the sense of a dictionary entry. Distinct string of letters may be forms of the same lexeme (‘fills’, ‘filled’, ‘filling’); conversely, identical strings of letters (bank, the institution, bank of the river) may be forms of different lexemes, since they would standardly be thought of as different words, i.e. having very different senses, in dictionaries. However, the lexicographic principles by which to count words as the same or different are not cut and...

Lexeme

Lexeme   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Lexeme ( lexical unit ) . In linguistics , a unit in the lexicon or vocabulary of a language. Its form is governed by sound and writing or print, its content by meaning and use. Thus, penicillin is the realization in print of a single English lexeme, while the nouns crane and bank represent at least two lexemes each: crane (a particular bird and a particular machine), bank (the shore of a river and a particular kind of financial institution). Most English dictionaries treat crane n . as a single headword with two senses (a case of ...

lexeme

lexeme n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. The basic unit of semantic analysis, roughly equivalent to a word in the everyday sense but referring more precisely to the abstract unit postulated to underlie a set of grammatical variants such as write , writes , writing , wrote or loud , louder , loudest ; the smallest unit of language with a distinctive meaning that cannot be inferred from the meanings of its component morphemes . Many lexemes consist of single words (such as game , castle , or sing ), but multi-word lexemes also exist (as in kick the bucket , meaning die). Also...

lexeme

lexeme   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
60 words

... 1. A word considered as a lexical unit, in abstraction from the specific forms it takes in specific constructions: e.g. the verb ‘sing’ or ‘to sing’, in abstraction from the varying word forms sing, sings, sang, sung, singing . Compare lemma . 2. Any other unit, e.g. a morpheme , seen as having lexical rather than grammatical meaning...

lexeme

lexeme noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words
lexeme

lexeme noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
lexeme

lexeme noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
36 words
lexeme

lexeme noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
36 words
lexeme

lexeme noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
36 words
lexeme

lexeme  

A word, in the sense of a dictionary entry. Distinct string of letters may be forms of the same lexeme (‘fills’, ‘filled’, ‘filling’); conversely, identical strings of letters (bank, the institution, ...
Lexemes

Lexemes   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
351 words

...of a single lexeme. We may call these sets the verbs fill and be , respectively. It is usually possible to identify a single form as basic to all the forms of a lexeme—as with fill , where fills, filled , and filling are derived by morphological rules. Sometimes, however—as with be —no such single form exists; thus the lexeme must be viewed as a set of forms, usually a singleton, associated with a single meaning. (For general reference, see Mathews 1991 .) In psycholinguistics, the term “lemma” is used instead of “lexeme,” and “lexeme” is sometimes...

Computational Morphology

Computational Morphology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
This method creates and implements models of word formation, i.e. inflection, derivation, and compounding. Typical applications are systems for word-form recognition and generation. Recognition ...
Stem and Root

Stem and Root  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The two traditional notions of “stem” and “root” can most easily be understood as what remains when affixes are removed from a word. The root is obtained by stripping off ...
lexicography

lexicography  

The discipline of lexicography is the practical process of compiling dictionaries and related reference works, such as thesauruses, glossaries, concordances, and usage guides. Lexicography also ...
polysemy

polysemy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The property of a word or lexeme of having several different meanings, a typical English example being the word kind, which can mean type (a different kind of food); quality (a difference of kind ...
lexicon

lexicon  

1. (linguistics) The vocabulary of a language (its lexical items or lexemes), an individual, or a branch of knowledge.2. A dictionary.
derivative

derivative (Morphology)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... Morphology . 1. ( n. & adj. ) . (A lexeme ) formed from another lexeme by a process of derivation . 2. ( adj. ) Of an affix : used in derivation. • derivatively . •• derivative base : see base...

lemma

lemma   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
55 words

...A form used to represent a lexeme ( 1 ) . Hence applied to a lexeme itself; or a lexeme as characterized by a set of syntactic and semantic properties, in abstraction from phonology. To ‘ lemmatize ’ is to group together varying words or forms of words: e.g. in work on a...

‘dictionary word’

‘dictionary word’   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
23 words

...word’ A word as entered in a dictionary; hence a citation form or the form used to represent a lexeme...

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