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Legend

Subject: Music

This popular English, Essex-based act evolved from the ashes of beat attraction the Orioles. Guitarist and vocalist Mickey Jupp (b. 6 March 1944, Worthing, Sussex, England, was initially ...

legend

legend   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
39 words

...legend (Fr.: légende ; Ger.: Legende ). A name given to a short composition of lyrical or epic character. Well-known examples are Dvořák's Legends op. 59 and Sibelius's four Legends for orchestra op. 22, which include The Swan of Tuonela...

Legend

Legend   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
37 words

... ( Legende [ Ger .]) Title given to short comps. of lyrical or epic character. Well‐known examples are Dvořák 's Legends , Op.59 (orch from pf duet) and Sibelius's 4 Lemminkäinen Legends for orch,...

legend

legend   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
33 words

... legend a legend in their own lifetime a very famous or notorious 🅘 The expression originated with the biographer Lytton Strachey, who in his Eminent Victorians (1918) applied it to Florence Nightingale. ...

legend

legend n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. an explanation of symbols used on a map, chart, sketch, etc., commonly printed in tabular form at the side of the map,...

legend

legend   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
87 words

... A legend is an inscription, motto, or caption that accompanies some kind of graphic representation, such as wording set out beneath heraldic coats of arms or on maps, paintings, or coins. Besides its more general meaning, as a myth or supposedly historical story handed down by tradition, a legend in medieval times could also be the same thing as a legendarium: i.e. a book of legends, usually of lives of saints, or of readings used in church containing scriptural passages or extracts from lives of...

legend

legend   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
150 words

... OT scholars use the term ‘legend’ to designate stories as a literary type without regard for historicity. Since most such stories, especially those in the * Pentateuch , have acquired their form through a long process of oral tradition, they are often non‐historical as they come down to us, but they are not imaginative fairy tales. In some cases ‘legends’ are the accounts of individuals which reflect the migrations of tribes bearing the names of the alleged ancestors. Other legends are intended to explain the origin of a custom or institution (cf. Exod....

Legend

Legend   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...coin not occupied by the device.) ‘Legend’ is also applied to the title on a map or under a picture. Legend in one’s lifetime A person so famous that they are the subject of popular repeated stories in their lifetime. The expression derives from Lytton Strachey ’s Eminent Victorians ( 1918 ), in which he applied it to Florence Nightingale ( 1820–1910 ): ‘She was a legend in her lifetime, and she knew it.’ Veteran journalists of a certain type are sometimes punningly known as ‘a legend in their own lunchtime’. Urban legend or myth See under urban...

legend

legend   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
63 words

...legend [ME] A legend was first ‘the story of a saint’s life’, coming from Old French legende , from medieval Latin legere ‘to read’, also found in legible [LME] alongside lecture [ME] ‘something read’ and lesson [ME] ‘a reading’. The sense ‘a traditional story popularly regarded as historical’ dates from the early 17th century when the word is also first found meaning ‘motto,...

legend

legend   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
459 words

...to have prevailed, as witness e.g. Jacobus de Voragine's Legenda Aurea or Golden Legend , a vast compilation made in the 13th c. and bringing together biographies of martyrs as well as other saints. At this time “legend” became the general designation for all hagiographical literature. The term appeared in the main vernacular languages between the late 12th c. (in French) and the 14th c. (in English). In Old French, the monotony of the recital of the legend conferred on this word the figurative sense of a “long sequence of words” ( c. 1400 ). The...

legend

legend   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A story or group of stories handed down through popular oral tradition , usually consisting of an exaggerated or unreliable account of some actually or possibly historical person—often a saint, monarch, or popular hero. Legends are sometimes distinguished from myths in that they concern human beings rather than gods, and sometimes in that they have some sort of historical basis whereas myths do not; but these distinctions are difficult to maintain consistently. The term was originally applied to accounts of saints' lives ( see hagiography ), but is...

Contemporary Legend

Contemporary Legend   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...Legend . Founded in 1991 , this is the annual journal of the International Society for Contemporary Legend Research, covering all aspects of the genre, and using examples from many countries, including England. ISCLR also publishes a biannual newsletter, Foaftale News , reporting current items in the media, on the internet,...

Golden Legend

Golden Legend   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
38 words

...Legend . A collection of saints' Lives and short treatises on the Christian festivals compiled by James of Voragine . It was completed by 1265 . Intended as a source-book for preachers, it became popular with a wider...

Black Legend

Black Legend   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
162 words

...image of Spaniards as rapacious, cruel, and intolerant was subsequently extended to include such institutions as the Spanish Inquisition and the auto-da-fé . Diccionario de historia de España ; Charles Gibson (ed.), The Black Legend: Anti-Spanish Attitudes in the Old World and the New (1971); W. S. Maltby , The Black Legend in England (1971); Ricardo García Cárcel , La leyenda negra: Historia y opinión ...

Golden Legend

Golden Legend   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48 words

...Legend (Lat., Legenda Aurea ). A manual consisting of lives of the saints and of episodes in the lives of Jesus and Mary , making connection with Christian festivals, in the order of the Church calendar . It was written by the Dominican Jacob of Voragine between 1255 and 1266...

Australian Legend

Australian Legend   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
201 words

...Legend is a term popularised by Russel Ward 's influential work of the same name, published in 1958 , which ‘attempts to trace the historical origins and development of the Australian legend or national mystique ’. In doing so, Ward codified the so-called ‘typical Australian’: ‘a practical man, rough and ready in his manners and quick to decry any appearance of affectation in others …’. He identified the emergence of these character traits among the convicts and, later, among bush people and other itinerant workers. He asserted that the nature...

Golden Legend

Golden Legend   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
552 words
Illustration(s):
1

... History . The sanctoral manifests no regional preference; that is why the Legend could serve as a basis for numerous local Legendaries , thanks to a system of additions or grafts: in c. 1290 , it permitted the construction of the first English legendary, the South English Legendary , which kept its own autonomy (twenty per cent of the legends come from Voragine). A Latin edition of 1470 had 448 chapters, instead of the original 180! Yet the redaction of the Legend was not an isolated phenomenon: it was part of a vast movement of lively...

Anzac Legend

Anzac Legend   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,327 words

...at Gallipoli in 1915 . But the failure of the military operation as a whole, or of individual encounters in it, was—the legend held—not the responsibility of the Anzacs. To many of them, Gallipoli was a British disaster ennobled, if not effaced, by the dignity and pride of the men from Australia and NZ who had been there. Success or failure on the field of battle, though, was not at the heart of the legend. Like other warrior legends, it organised tales about the past war in order to control comportment and galvanise action in the future. The men of Anzac...

Abgar legend

Abgar legend   Reference library

Alain Desreumaux

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Persian , II, 12, 26) records that the inscription of the letters on the city gate made Edessa impregnable. From the late 6th century onwards, with the development of the story of the Mandylion of Edessa , the legend became increasingly elaborate, not least in the Acts of the Apostle Thaddeus . Alain J. Desreumaux H. J. W. Drijvers , ‘The Abgar Legend’, in W. Schneemelcher , New Testament Apocrypha , tr. from 6th German edn. by R. McL. Wilson, 2 vols. ( 2 1991), vol. 1,...

urban legend

urban legend n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...legend n . An apocryphal story, usually with either a nasty or a humorous twist in its tail, circulated by people who believe it actually to have happened to a ‘friend of a friend’. A typical example is the following, named the Blind Man urban legend by folklorists. A woman is taking a shower when she hears the doorbell ring. She calls out ‘Who is it?’ and a voice replies ‘Blind man’. The woman is generous, and keen on helping people with disabilities, so she grabs some loose change and, without bothering to cover herself in front of a blind man, opens...

Anzac Legend

Anzac Legend   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Legend The terms Anzac legend, Anzac myth and Anzac tradition are widely used, not only in academic writing but also in journalistic and popular accounts of Australian history. Yet, as with the bush myth of Russel Ward's The Australian Legend ( 1958 ), the content and meaning of this legend are extremely difficult to pin down. It is a legend which deals with the qualities of Australian fighting men, but also one which is centrally concerned with Australian nationhood. The roots of the legend, then, lie in early twentieth-century ideas about Australian...

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