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kern

Although the Irish word is a collective, with an individual member of the troop being described as a ceitheamach, the Anglo‐Irish used the word both for a band of lightarmed ...

Instrumentation and orchestration

Instrumentation and orchestration   Reference library

Kenneth Kreitner, Mary Térey-Smith, Jack Westrup, D. Kern Holoman, G.W. Hopkins, Paul Griffiths, and Jon Alan Conrad

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
14,009 words

...and not just those of like family: there was for a time a vogue for bass oboe, even oboe d’amore (both used in Oklahoma! , orch. Bennett, 1943), as well as alto flute and basset-horn. Two-piano teams, a popular attraction of the time, participated in the theatre as well; Kern’s The Cat and the Fiddle (orch. Bennett, 1931) had three. Violas, their stereotypical ‘oompahs’ absorbed by the rhythm section, were (and are) sometimes omitted altogether; at other times, particularly in the absence of a piano, a second desk of violas was added to provide a...

kerning

kerning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
53 words
Illustration(s):
1

... In printing, the adjustment of the spacing between adjacent characters, using the natural slope in the letters, in order to improve the text appearance. Kerning is used in the more advanced desktop publishing applications and is of particular value when using italic fonts. Kerning. Letter that are kerned (top) and unkerned...

kerning

kerning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

... The term used to describe the process of moving characters in a text closer together for better visual...

kerning

kerning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
40 words

... In typography , the adjustment of the space between particular pairs of adjacent characters to optimize their appearance. Not to be confused with tracking , which is the adjustment of the spacing evenly between a number of characters. Compare letterspacing . ...

kerning

kerning  

In printing, the adjustment of the spacing between adjacent characters, using the natural slope in the letters, in order to improve the text appearance. Kerning is used in the more advanced desktop ...
kern

kern   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... , kerne . . Anglicizations of ceithern...

Kern

Kern   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Middle Irish cethern , ‘band of foot soldiers’, from cath , ‘battle’) In medieval Ireland a lightly armed foot soldier, one of the lowest grade. See also galloglass...

kern

kern   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
53 words
Illustration(s):
1

... The part of a metal *type projecting beyond its body; also, the action of adjusting space within certain combinations of characters for aesthetic reasons. A piece of type—a Greek alpha— kerned to allow its setting with separate *accents : here it is combined with a smooth breathing. Line drawing by Chartwell...

kern

kern   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
194 words

... (Ir. ceithearn , ‘a warband’ ). Although the Irish word is a collective, with an individual member of the troop being described as a ceitheamach , the Anglo‐Irish used the word both for a band of lightarmed native Irish mercenary soldiers and for the individual members of such a band. In pre‐Norman times, ceithearn might describe a band of fianna , young men who left their homes to join a warrior cult, but from the last years of the 12th century onwards kerns are small freelance bands of mercenaries, typically numbering around 20, organized under...

Kern, Jerome

Kern, Jerome   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
180 words

..., Jerome ( 1885–1945 ) American composer . Kern's insistence on *musicals that fully integrated *dialogue , *character , song, and staging had a profound impact on the development of twentieth-century musical theatre. His masterpiece, Show Boat , is arguably the most important and influential stage musical ever written. Between 1915 and 1918 Kern wrote a series of musicals with lyricist *Wodehouse and librettist Guy *Bolton . In 1927 , Show Boat (lyrics and libretto by Oscar *Hammerstein II ) achieved a more complete unification of song and...

Kern, Jerome

Kern, Jerome   Reference library

Steve Nelson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
254 words

..., Jerome ( 1885–1945 ) American composer. Kern's pioneering insistence on musicals that fully integrated dialogue , character , song, and staging had a profound impact on the development of twentieth-century musical theatre. His masterpiece, Show Boat , is arguably the most important and influential stage musical ever written. Born in New York , Kern first achieved notice when his song ‘They Didn’t Believe Me' (lyrics by Herbert Reynolds ) was interpolated into the 1914 New York production of The Girl from Utah . Between 1915 and 1918 Kern...

Kern's arc

Kern's arc   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...'s arc An extremely rare halo phenomenon, appearing as a faint white circular arc, centred on the zenith, with the same radius as the circumzenithal arc , but strongest on the opposite side of the...

Kern, Jerome

Kern, Jerome (1885–1945)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
76 words

..., Jerome ( 1885–1945 ) American composer of popular music and book collector . He began collecting composers’ autographs, but quickly expanded to books, MSS, and *association copies of 18 th –19 th century English authors. There was a minor sale in 1927 . The famous Kern sales of 1929 at *Anderson Galleries brought more than $1,700,000, setting auction records that in some cases were never again surpassed. The residue was sold at *Parke-Bernet in 1962 . Marie Elena...

Kern, Jerome

Kern, Jerome (1885–1945)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
550 words
Illustration(s):
1

...). He returned to New York to score Annie Get Your Gun ( 1946 ) but died of a heart attack before he could begin. Kern's remarkable melodic gifts and his pioneering with the ballad and the musical play cannot be overestimated and his music is still potent today. Biographies: The World of Jerome Kern , David Ewen ( 1960 ); Jerome Kern: His Life and Music , Gerald Bordman ( 1980 ); Jerome Kern , Stephen Banfield ( 2006 ). Jerome Kern . The versatile and endlessly creative composer worked so well with so many different lyricists that it seemed like he...

Kern, Jerome

Kern, Jerome (27 Jan. 1885)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
207 words

..., Jerome [ David ] (b. New York , 27 Jan. 1885 ; d. New York , 11 Nov. 1945 ) Composer . After more than a decade providing songs for interpolation into a variety of Broadway and London shows, Kern found his first significant theatre success with the scores for a group of small-scale musical comedies written between 1915 and 1918 (e.g. Very Good, Eddie, Oh, Boy!, Leave it to Jane ). He progressed to larger stages with the successful song-and-dance musicals Sally ( 1920 ) and Sunny ( 1925 ), before shifting into a different style to combine...

Kern, Adele

Kern, Adele (1901)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
57 words

..., Adele ( b Munich , 1901 ; d Munich , 1980 ) German soprano . Début Munich 1924 (Olympia in Les contes d’Hoffmann ). Frankfurt Opera 1924–9 . Vienna State Opera 1929–30 , Munich Opera 1937–46 . CG début 1931 . Salzburg Fest. 1927–35 . One of singers in famous Clemens Krauss perfs of Strauss and Mozart in Frankfurt, Munich, and Vienna. Retired 1947...

Kern, Jerome

Kern, Jerome (27 Jan 1885)   Reference library

James Randall

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
4,018 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Kern's shows in the 1920s were often star vehicles whose books involved Cinderella stories of the showbiz variety. These were the specialty of mega-producers like Florenz Ziegfeld, for whom Kern wrote Sally ( 1920 ), featuring Marilyn Miller. The show's 570-performance run made it one of the top successes of the 1920s, and it contained one of Kern's most enduring early standards, “Look for the Silver Lining.” Kern wrote a follow-up for Miller in Sunny ( 1925 ), which also marked Kern's first work with author and lyricist Oscar Hammerstein II. Kern's...

Kern, Adele

Kern, Adele   Reference library

Harold Rosenthal

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
153 words

..., Adele ( b Munich , 25 Nov 1901 ; d Munich , 6 May 1980 ). German soprano . She studied in Munich, making her début there in 1924 as Olympia in Les contes d᾽Hoffmann . She was a member of the famous Clemens Krauss ensembles, first in Frankfurt, later in Vienna and finally in Munich from 1937 to 1943 , and again briefly after World War II. In 1938 she sang the part of Mi in Franz Lehár's Das Land des Lächelns . She appeared frequently at Salzburg between 1927 and 1935 , as Susanna, Despina, Marzelline and Sophie; she also sang at the Teatro...

Kerns, Robert

Kerns, Robert (8 June 1933)   Reference library

Elizabeth Forbes

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
176 words

..., Robert ( b Detroit, MI , 8 June 1933 ; d Vienna, Austria , 15 Feb 1989 ). Baritone . He studied at the University of Michigan and made his debut in 1955 at Toledo, Ohio, as Sharpless. After a year with the New York City Opera, in 1960 he was engaged at Zürich. From 1963 he sang in Vienna and in 1964 made his Covent Garden debut as Billy Budd. He sang at the Spoleto, Aix-en-Provence, and Salzburg festivals, at the Paris Opéra, San Francisco, and the Deutsche Oper, Berlin, where from 1973 he was a permanent guest. His earlier repertory...

Kern, Hendrik

Kern, Hendrik (1833–1917)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Kern, Hendrik . ( 1833–1917 ) . Important Dutch scholar of Sanskrit and Buddhism. Born Johan Hendrik Caspar Kern to Dutch parents in the Dutch East Indies, his family returned to the Netherlands when he was six years old. Beginning in 1851 , he studied Sanskrit at Leiden and then in Berlin (with Albrecht Weber) before returning to the Netherlands as a lecturer in Greek. In 1863 , he accepted an invitation to teach Sanskrit in Benares, returning in 1865 to become professor of Sanskrit at Leiden University, a position that he held until his retirement in...

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