Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 24,568 entries  for:

  • All: justice x
clear all

View:

Overview

justice

In bioethics, justice is one of the basic principles, meaning fairness, impartiality, equity. It includes the concept of distributive justice, and application of affirmative action when ...

justice

justice   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
45 words

... justice do someone or something justice ( or do justice to someone or something ) treat or represent someone or something with due fairness or appreciation. do yourself justice perform as well as you are able to. poetic justice : ...

justice

justice   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Fairness, the quality of being fair or...

Justice

Justice   Reference library

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
37 words

... 1881: 733; NE Scotland; also S England: especially Oxon and Bucks. Scottish, English: occupational name from Middle English justice , justis(e) ‘judicial officer; judge’ (Old French justise , justice ‘uprightness; equity; vindication of right; court of justice;...

Justice

Justice   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
129 words

... The biblical injunction: ‘Justice, justice shall you pursue’ (Deuteronomy 16: 20), addressed originally to judges and those who appoint them, became a key text in Judaism for the pursuit of justice by all in daily living. The repetition of the word denotes a passion for justice, as if the cry is: ‘Justice, only justice, shall you pursue.’ The pursuit of justice is urged throughout the Bible. Of the prophets, Amos in particular calls on his own people and the surrounding nations to practise justice. Amos declares: ‘Let justice well up like water,...

justice

justice   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
169 words

...the Aristotelian understanding limits justice to such distribution. Cross-cutting this division is a distinction between reactive and primary justice. Matters of reactive justice concern the rights that agents acquire in virtue of being wronged. So, the right to inflict hard treatment on criminals is a matter of reactive justice. Matters of primary justice concern the rights that people have but not in virtue of being wronged. Having the right to freely express yourself is a matter of primary justice...

justice

justice   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
67 words

... n. A moral ideal that the law seeks to uphold in the protection of rights and punishment of wrongs. Justice is not synonymous with law—it is possible for a law to be called unjust. However, English law closely identifies with justice and the word is frequently used in the legal system; for example, in justice of the peace, Royal Courts of Justice, and administration of justice...

justice

justice   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
55 words

... An attribute of God (Ps. 89: 14) which is to be pursued by his creatures (Mic. 6: 8). It is justice which involves punishment (Hab. 1: 12) but also promotes God's work of * salvation (1 John 1: 9). So God's justice also means his faithfulness to the people of the * covenant (Rom. 1:...

justice

justice   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...justice In bioethics , justice is one of the basic principles, meaning fairness, impartiality, equity. It includes the concept of distributive justice , and application of affirmative action when this is desirable or necessary. In all aspects of law, including law relating to public health problems, justice means seeking the truth and basing judgements on evidence rather than on the eloquence of arguments for differing points of view. See also equity . ...

Justice

Justice   Reference library

Anne Button

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... . He is invited to the home of Escalus for dinner, Measure for Measure 2.1.266. Anne...

justice

justice n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
91 words

... n. the moral requirement to treat people fairly and impartially and with a proper regard for their entitlements and deserts – although the ways in which ethicists and philosophers define fairness, entitlements, and deserts varies considerably. Justice is common to many theories of ethics and is one of the four principles of medical ethics. Issues of justice are mainly, but not exclusively, concerned with the fair allocation of medical resources when these are limited, and can be encapsulated in theories of distributive justice ( see desert ; ...

JUSTICE

JUSTICE   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
489 words

...make Moses the prototype of strict justice and Aaron the prototype of peace ( San . 6b), interpreting Aaron’s sin in making the golden calf as one of preferring peace to justice ( Ex. Rab . 41.6). Similarly the rabbis were at great pains to define the precise bounds of justice and mercy. The world depends on justice ( Ex. Rab . 30.15), but it cannot exist if governed solely by justice. Justice must, therefore, be tempered by mercy, but the element of mercy must not be permitted to deflect the straight course of justice and can only modify the verdict. This...

Justice

Justice   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
654 words
Illustration(s):
1

...“Justice is the constant and perpetual will to assign to each his right [ suum ius cuique tribuendi ]”. While St Anselm of Canterbury organised his conception of justice around the idea of rectitude, notably asserting that only the will that seeks rectitude for its own sake can be called just ( De veritate ch. 12), the interpretation of St Thomas Aquinas was heavily dependent on the Aristotelian theory of justice ( Nicomachean Ethics , book V). In agreement with the Stagyrite, St Thomas distinguished legal justice from particular justice. Granted...

justice

justice   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
515 words

...or institutions, the other two forms of justice also often involve collectives, such as ethnic minorities or nation states. Justice is of interest to geographers for at least three reasons. First, lay and legal concepts of justice vary between countries and thus create opportunities for comparison, mutual learning, and the transfer of ideas between contexts. Second, questions arise about whether and how to create greater uniformity in justice within and between nation states. Finally, restorative and distributive justice are intrinsically spatial in that they...

justice

justice   Reference library

Anna Blackman

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
505 words

...as being integrally linked to the requirements of justice being met, impacting the way in which the works of charity and the corporal works of mercy need to be enacted. Pope Francis extended the concept to cover environmental and intergenerational justice, in which justice owed to God, to others, and to creation are all integrally linked. Anna Blackman H. G. Reventlow and Y. Hoffman (eds), Justice and Righteousness: Biblical Themes and their Influence (Sheffield, 1992). D. B. Forrester , Christian Justice and Public Policy (Cambridge 1997). T. P....

JUSTICE

JUSTICE   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
242 words

... ( British section of the International Commission of Jurists ) JUSTICE is an all‐party lawyers' organization dedicated to the use of law reform to advance access to justice, human rights , and the rule of law . It has around 1500 members and is governed by a council. JUSTICE was formed in 1957 to keep under observation treason trials in South Africa and their equivalent in Hungary. It subsequently developed more of a domestic focus, leaving developments outside the UK to the International Commission of Jurists, of which it became the British...

justice

justice   Quick reference

Andrew Reeve

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
212 words

... The existence of a proper balance. Justice in law illustrates applications of the notion of a proper balance: a fair trial, which, among other things, achieves a proper balance between the ability of the defendant to establish innocence and the ability of the prosecution to establish guilt; a just sentence ( see punishment ) which balances the precedent wrong with a present response. In political theory, justice has concerned both the terms of membership of a social group ( see social justice ) and the distribution of burdens and benefits within that...

justice

justice   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,504 words

... Justice is complex moral concept relating to human relationships generally, but closely associated with the operation of legal institutions. Justice concerns both the correct or fair distribution of benefits and burdens as between groups or classes of persons (social justice), and treating individuals properly or fairly (individual justice). More specifically, justice can be about the proper basis for agreements or exchanges (commutative justice) or about putting right past wrongs or injustices (corrective justice). In all these spheres, justice may be...

justice

justice  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...topics of penology . Distributive justice, in contrast, is primarily concerned with how goods, honors, and obligations are distributed within a community. Commentators such as Michael Walzer ( Spheres of Justice , 1983 ) have argued on the basis of the historical diversity of notions of justice that justice is irreducibly plural and specific to particular social practices and understandings. This view, known as conventionalism , places the burden of clarifying, realizing, and improving the concept of justice on each community or society. To its...

justice

justice   Reference library

Edward Sankowski

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
791 words

...notions of justice. Although considerations of distributive justice might not always trump other sorts of ethical considerations (including utility) in a context, they do properly count a great deal. Modern accounts of justice tend to be based on ideas about human rationality, human intuitions, human community, or the like (as opposed, say, to ‘cosmic justice’ or the will of God). John Rawls's very influential A Theory of Justice , and subsequent writings, are instructive in this connection. Rawls argues that his two principles of justice (the first...

Justice

Justice   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,072 words

...of right and wrong. That is why the Greek proverb has it that justice includes every excellence (Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 5.1.1129b29–30) and why Cicero refers to justice as the “mistress and queen of the virtues” ( On Duties 3.28). Justice as a virtue is subject to standard disputes about virtue: what it is, how it might be acquired, and what its value is. The value of justice is more contentious than the value of other virtues is, because justice seems to conflict with other values. Justice seems to require that one sacrifice one's own self-interest,...

View: