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Overview

jurisdiction

Subject: Law

N. 1 The power of a court to hear and decide a case or make a certain order. (For the limits of jurisdiction of individual courts, see entries for those courts.) ...

jurisdiction

jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... The territory within which legal power can be...

jurisdiction

jurisdiction n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. 1 the official power to make legal decisions and judgments: federal courts had no jurisdiction over the case | the District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress. 2 the extent of this power: the claim will be within the jurisdiction of the industrial tribunal. 3 the territory or sphere of activity over which the legal authority of a court or other institution extends. jurisdictional ...

jurisdiction

jurisdiction   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
492 words

... Sometimes referred to as jurisdictional competence, in international law, the term ‘jurisdiction’ has two related meanings: (1) ‘When public international lawyers pose the problem of jurisdiction, they have in mind the State's right under international law to regulate conduct in matters not exclusively of domestic concern…. Jurisdiction involves a State's right to exercise certain of its powers. It is a problem, accordingly, that is entirely distinct from that of internal power or constitutional capacity or, indeed, sovereignty…. The existence of...

jurisdiction

jurisdiction   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... . The country, courts, and legal system which arbitrate in any dispute. Most transactions will seek to predetermine the law and place of settlement in the event of a...

jurisdiction

jurisdiction   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
294 words

... The extent or scope of a court's authority to hear and decide a case properly brought to it is its jurisdiction. There are two types of jurisdiction: original and appellate. Original jurisdiction is the authority of a court to hear and decide a case for the first time. In general, courts of original jurisdiction are minor courts or trial courts. Federal district courts, for example, are courts of original jurisdiction. Article 3, Section 2, of the U.S. Constitution states that the U.S. Supreme Court has original jurisdiction only in suits involving...

jurisdiction

jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
301 words

... 1 The power of a court to hear and decide a case or make a certain order. (For the limits of jurisdiction of individual courts, see entries for those courts.) 2 The territorial limits within which the jurisdiction of a court may be exercised. In the case of English courts this comprises England, Wales, Berwick-upon-Tweed, and those parts of the sea claimed as territorial waters . Everywhere else is said to be outside the jurisdiction . 3 The territorial scope of the legislative competence of Parliament. See sovereignty of parliament . In...

jurisdiction

jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
305 words

... n. 1. The power of a court to hear and decide a case or make a certain order. (For the limits of jurisdiction of individual courts, see entries for those courts.) 2. The territorial limits within which the jurisdiction of a court may be exercised. In the case of English courts this comprises England, Wales, Berwick-upon-Tweed, and those parts of the sea claimed as territorial waters . Everywhere else is said to be outside the jurisdiction . 3. The territorial scope of the legislative competence of Parliament. See sovereignty of Parliament...

Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,825 words

...Case ( 1979 ), but not state judicial officers exercising federal jurisdiction ( R v Murray and Cormie; Ex parte Commonwealth ( 1916 ). The consequence is that writs of mandamus and prohibition may be sought to correct jurisdictional error on the part of federal courts in the original jurisdiction of the High Court. This is in addition to the Court's ability to correct such errors in the exercise of its appellate jurisdiction. The matters in respect of which original jurisdiction was left to be conferred on the Court by the Commonwealth Parliament...

jurisdiction

jurisdiction   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
514 words

...law (substantive and procedural); these are questions relating to jurisdiction. In international law state jurisdiction is the jurisdiction exercised by national courts ( cf the jurisdiction of state and territory courts within a federation such as Australia). International jurisdiction is exercised by international courts such as the international court of justice , which has both an advisory jurisdiction and a contentious jurisdiction (to hear disputes). See advisory jurisdiction ; advisory opinion...

extraterritorial jurisdiction

extraterritorial jurisdiction   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
45 words

...jurisdiction By definition, any jurisdiction that is not based on the territory of the State. Thus, national jurisdiction ( see nationality principle ), protective or security jurisdiction ( see protective principle ), passive personality jurisdiction ( see passive personality principle ), and universal jurisdiction are all types of extraterritorial jurisdiction...

appellate jurisdiction

appellate jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
15 words

...jurisdiction The power of a judge to hear appeals from a previous court...

concurrent jurisdiction

concurrent jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
76 words

...jurisdiction That part of the jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery before the Judicature Acts 1873–75 that was enforced equally in the common law courts; equity usually took jurisdiction because the common law remedies were inadequate. Since the Judicature Acts the jurisdiction of all divisions of the High Court has been concurrent in name, but certain remedies (for example, specific performance and injunction) are more commonly sought in the Chancery Division. Compare exclusive jurisdiction...

auxiliary jurisdiction

auxiliary jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
45 words

...jurisdiction The jurisdiction exercised by the Court of Chancery to aid a claimant at common law; for example, by forcing a defendant to reveal documents and thus provide necessary evidence for his case. Auxiliary jurisdiction was rendered obsolete by the Judicature Acts 1873–75...

appellate jurisdiction

appellate jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
17 words

...jurisdiction The authority of a court of appeal to review decisions made by a lower...

original jurisdiction

original jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
20 words

...jurisdiction The right of a court, usually a minor or trial court, to hear a case at its...

exclusive jurisdiction

exclusive jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
141 words

...jurisdiction 1. That part of the jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery that belonged to the Chancery alone. The jurisdiction ceased after the Judicature Acts 1873–75 , but the matters under exclusive jurisdiction (e.g. trusts, administration of estates) are now dealt with in the Chancery Division. Compare concurrent jurisdiction . 2. A clause in a commercial agreement providing that only the English, Scottish, or other courts will be entitled to determine disputes between the parties. Normally agreements provide that the parties agree to submit...

universal jurisdiction

universal jurisdiction   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
422 words

...jurisdiction Universal jurisdiction, or the principle of universality, ‘provides for jurisdiction over crimes committed by aliens outside the territory … on the sole basis of the presence of the alien within the territory of the State assuming jurisdiction’: Comment on art. 10 of the Harvard Research in International Law, Draft Convention on Jurisdiction with Respect to Crime, ( 1935 ) 29 A.J.I.L. (Supp.) 435 at 573. The essence of universal jurisdiction is that certain crimes are so heinous that every State is deemed to have an interest in their...

compulsory jurisdiction

compulsory jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
54 words

...jurisdiction The capacity of an international tribunal to order and thus compel states to litigate a dispute before it. The compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice , under Article 36(2) of its Statute, depends on voluntary declarations in advance by the states concerned. This is known as the optional clause...

compulsory jurisdiction

compulsory jurisdiction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
54 words

...jurisdiction The capacity of an international tribunal to order and thus compel states to litigate a dispute before it. The compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice , under Article 36(2) of its Statute, depends on voluntary declarations in advance by the states concerned. This is known as the optional clause...

peculiar jurisdiction

peculiar jurisdiction   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
101 words

...jurisdiction . For a variety of reasons, certain parishes , manors , and liberties were exempt from the jurisdiction of the bishop and archdeacon in whose diocese and archdeaconry they were situated. They include the separate or ‘peculiar’ jurisdictions of another archbishop or bishop, the dean and chapter of a cathedral, the Knights Templar and Knights Hospitaller , and of chapels royal, e.g. St George's, Windsor. A knowledge of such jurisdictions is necessary when searching for wills and probate inventories before 1858 . In...

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