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interpretive community

A term introduced by Fish to refer to both writers and readers of particular genres of texts (but which can be used more widely to refer to those who share any code). Kuhn used the term ...

interpretive community

interpretive community   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
123 words

... community ( interpretative community , discourse community ) A term introduced by Fish to refer to both writers and readers of particular genres of texts (but which can be used more widely to refer to those who share any code ). Kuhn used the term ‘textual community’ to refer to epistemological communities with shared texts, interpretations , and beliefs. Constructionists argue that interpretive communities are involved in the construction and maintenance of reality within the ontological domain which defines their concerns ( see...

interpretive community

interpretive community   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... community Stanley Fish developed this concept to explain how diverse readers consistently produce similar readings of certain types of texts. His argument, which borrows Noam Chomsky 's distinction between competence and performance , is that readers in a particular country at a particular time internalize a set of expectations about how texts work and what counts as a text, amounting to a kind of literary competence, such that whenever they encounter a new text they already know how to respond to it. Pierre Bourdieu makes a very similar...

interpretive community

interpretive community   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... community Stanley Fish developed this concept to explain how diverse readers consistently produce similar readings of certain types of texts. His argument, which borrows Noam Chomsky ’s distinction between competence and performance , is that readers in a particular community at a particular time internalize a set of expectations about how texts work and what counts as a text, amounting to a kind of literary competence, such that whenever they encounter a new text they already know how to respond to it. Pierre Bourdieu makes a very similar...

interpretive community

interpretive community  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A term introduced by Fish to refer to both writers and readers of particular genres of texts (but which can be used more widely to refer to those who share any code). Kuhn used the term ‘textual ...
Theatre

Theatre   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,088 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., the inclusion of private boxes for hire by wealthy patrons (widely interpreted as places for the entertaining of prostitutes), and the fees paid to the Italian singer Angelica *Catalani . At a deeper level, however, the contest was also a struggle for the meaning of theatre in late Georgian politics and culture. By asserting his proprietorial rights the manager of Covent Garden, John Philip *Kemble had threatened the idea of theatre as a representative assembly. His opponents interpreted the raising of prices as suggesting that admission was a matter of...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...National Memory and the Protestant Calendar in Elizabethan and Stuart England (1989) ). In countryside localities the continuing pre‐modern significance of the more secularized annual round is strongly brought out in Bob Bushaway , ‘The Community and its Calendars’, in Bushaway , By Rite: Custom, Ceremony and Community in England, 1700–1880 (1982) ). Civic Ritual The changing pattern of public urban ritual has to be understood as crystallizing much wider processes, because cities and large †towns were so central to the regionalized nature and development...

Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...At the popular level, participation in the legal punishment of criminals at the cart's tail, the pillory, or the scaffold was a riotous community activity among the common people [ see *class, 15 ]. Indeed, at times of stress, many of the labouring multitude confidently articulated crude notions of customary law and common justice to justify direct action for securing the social values of their own communities: such action might take various forms, ranging from loyal *petitioning or threatening those in authority to *riot and even local ...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., Blaenavon Ironworks ( 2006 ), and D. H. Evans , Valle Crucis Abbey ( 2007 ). These attractive, informative, and popular publications have numerous illustrations, which effectively depict the architectural detail presented in the text. Other volumes which successfully interpret the heritage of Wales include Elizabeth Whittle, The Historic Gardens of Wales ( 1992 ). Sian Rees, Dyfed ( 1992 ), and Elizabeth Whittle, Glamorgan and Gwent ( 1992 ), launched a series of regional guides. Conferences are organized, and the papers presented to the third...

2 The Sacred Book

2 The Sacred Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,978 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of faith made by monks and nuns into a basic code used to guarantee proper monastic behaviour. After it became established in this way, it functioned as a monastic liturgy. Monks and nuns periodically chanted these rules within their respective communities as entire groups, which worked to unify the communities and functioned as a reminder of the rules that bound them together. The group recitation of the Pāṭimokkha occurred twice a month in connection with fast days ( Poṣadha ) that were historically connected to the religious significance of the new and...

Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to their communities which derived from an original common ownership of the land. In legal title, the commons and wastes, like the open fields enclosed earlier, belonged to the lord of the manor. But Paine argued that an original commonality should be interpreted as the provenance of a land tax whose revenues would be used to better the lives of the rural poor: ‘it is the value of the improvement only, and not the earth itself, that is individual property. Every proprietor, therefore, of cultivated land, owes to the community a groundrent.’ The ...

Irish Local and Family History

Irish Local and Family History   Quick reference

Kevin Whelan

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,945 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...been published for Carlow, Dublin, Kerry, Kildare, Laois, Meath, and Tipperary. The successful launch of an illustrated magazine, Archaeology Ireland , in 1987 marked this new popular awareness of archaeology. This was signalled also in the heritage industry, which moved to ‘interpret’ spectacular excavated sites like the fossilized landscape under the peat bog at Céide Fields in Mayo, Newgrange, and the bog trackways at Corlea in Longford. Archaeological theme parks have been built at Ferrycarrig (Wexford), Cragganowen (Clare), and at the Ulster American...

Industrialization

Industrialization   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,380 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to live near people from the same area as themselves. Indeed, the early experiences of town life may have strengthened purely instrumental kinship relations before the development of the neighbourly solidarities and sense of ‘community’ later to be associated with working-class urban life. The birth of a working-class community, with its associated mores, communal self-help, and often vigorous informal economy, was as much the product of industrialization as the dreadful physical environment which many had to endure [ see *class, 15 ]. But to what extent...

War

War   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,919 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the cohesiveness of the British state came from the way parliament was used by local communities to settle their disputes and back their actions with statutory authority; indeed, most of parliament's business was concerned with these matters until well into the nineteenth century. During the war the degree of local autonomy was demonstrated in the abject failure of the provisional cavalry in 1797 and of Pitt's Additional Force in 1804–5 , and in the way communities protected themselves against militia ‘conscription’. Volunteer corps were to a significant...

Political Economy

Political Economy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...broader cultural significance, particularly during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. That other retrospective coinage, the ‘industrial revolution’, has increasingly come to operate more as a piece of excess baggage than as vital explanatory background when interpreting the eighteenth-century emergence of political economy as a new branch of knowledge, capable of guiding legislators through the puzzling combination of short-and long-term problems experienced during this formative period in British economic history [ see *industrialization,...

Britain and America: A Common Heritage

Britain and America: A Common Heritage   Quick reference

George Redmonds

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,879 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Veal, Vail in his Handbook of Cornish Surnames ( 1972 ), but it is quite different from the two suggested originally by P. H. Reaney . The American Vail family trace their descent from a Thomas Veale of Salem, Massachusetts ( 1640 ). We should, of course, be careful how we interpret the distribution patterns in 1881 , for that is relatively late in the history of most surnames. Many will undoubtedly identify an area close to where the name originated, but in other cases a significant cluster may simply point to a successful ramification at some time in the...

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,963 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...editing, and retains some value today. The editor, by this method, begins with a process of recensio , analysing the MS evidence and constructing a stemma codicum , a family tree of surviving MSS deriving from an *archetype . The enabling principle is that ‘community of error implies community of origin’, i.e. if two or more MSS share a set of ‘variants’, they may be assumed to derive from a common source. MSS that can be shown to derive from other extant MSS may be excluded from editorial consideration. From the extant later MSS, it is possible to...

Landscape History: The Countryside

Landscape History: The Countryside   Quick reference

H. S. A. Fox

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,175 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Settlement in England (2000). There are, however, concerns that characterization lacks subtlety and oversimplifies local contexts; see the essays in Landscapes , 8/2 ( 2007 ), which discuss the pros and cons of this method. The use of modern technology in surveying and interpreting the landscape is wonderfully illustrated by the use of 3D laser scanning from an aeroplane. See David Miles , ‘ 3D Laser Scanning: The Future of the Past? ’, Current Archaeology , 215 (Feb. 2008). Despite these advances, there are still glaring gaps in our appreciation of...

Industrial History

Industrial History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,499 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...North Street, Cromford, men wove yarn into calico while their wives and children worked long hours in his mills down in the valley. Other men worked in the loom shop or as framework knitters in spaces provided at the mill. Industrial communities of this type had never been seen before. The most remarkable of the new communities that grew up around the early cotton mills was that founded at New Lanark by David Dale ( 1739–1806 ) in 1784 in a narrow, wooded gorge formed by the river Clyde. Four large mills, at least two of which were equipped with the...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Eastern analogues for Ireland's colonial experience in the well-received story within a story, Lalla Rookh ( 1817 ). The period's *novels [31] too, combine to show how society is constructed through time by its culture; it is a localized society, small communities documented, analysed, and interpreted as though clearly seen for the first time. ‘Social Baconianism’ finds itself in the regional novel's minute accounts of clothing or the hospitality offered to strangers and (particularly exact in the Irish tales of Maria *Edgeworth , from 1800 , and the...

15 Children’s Books

15 Children’s Books   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,997 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...artistic, technological, and commercial considerations have allowed great creative scope in the presentation of material to the child reader. A book’s intended audience can be discerned usually from its packaging: the younger the reader, the more features are used to interpret, decorate, or promote the text. As the child matures, the book incorporates fewer such elements. Children’s books have been sold in *edition bindings since the late 17 th century; the materials of the binding and its decoration typically distinguish a book for younger readers...

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