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interpretation

[Th] The stage in research at which the results of archaeological analyses are synthesized and there is an attempt to explain their meaning or consolidate a knowledgeable ...

Theological Interpretation

Theological Interpretation   Reference library

Craig Bartholomew

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,082 words

...Interpretation ; Canonical Criticism ; Cultural-Historical Criticism ; Diachronic Interpretation ; Evangelical Interpretation ; Exegesis ; Historical Criticism, subentry Hebrew Bible ; Historical Criticism, subentry New Testament ; Homiletics ; Inner-biblical Interpretation ; Liberation Hermeneutics ; Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, and the Bible ; Narrative Criticism and Narrative Hermeneutics ; Pentecostal Interpretation ; Postmodern Interpretation ; Reception Criticism and Theory ; Rhetorical Criticism ; Synchronic Interpretation ;...

Chinese Interpretation

Chinese Interpretation   Reference library

K. K. Yeo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,056 words

...Christian history and interpretation in the West. Chinese biblical interpretation has something to say to the universal church that needs to be heard by all. Chinese biblical interpretation will discover its global significance if it can be allowed to find its own biblical interpretation while listening to other contextual biblical interpretations. [ See also Asian American Biblical Interpretation ; Cross-Cultural Exegesis ; Intertextuality ; Postcolonial Biblical Interpretation ; and Theological Interpretation . ] Bibliography...

Korean Interpretation

Korean Interpretation   Reference library

Won W. Lee

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,964 words

... In sum, minjung biblical interpretations take the socioeconomic and political realities of suffering in Korean society as the hermeneutical key, and regard the Bible as a reference of historical support for such interpretations. Methodologically they share common traits with liberation-focused interpretations in that they are inductive, descriptive, and biographical in narrating the stories of any minjung ’s experiences of God. Yet their “Korean-ness” lies in the particularity of the content that they are not interpretations “of” Korea, but “for” Korean ...

Womanist Interpretation

Womanist Interpretation   Reference library

Nyasha Junior

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,464 words

...understandable that womanist biblical interpretation is often linked with feminist biblical interpretation. Numerous publications include terms such as “feminist/womanist” or “black feminist/womanist.” Womanist biblical interpretation is related to feminist biblical interpretation and expands on feminism’s typical focus on gender to include multiple categories of difference such as gender, race/ethnicity, and class. Although womanist biblical interpretation is often regarded as analogous to feminist biblical interpretation, the two differ greatly in their...

Patristic Interpretation

Patristic Interpretation   Reference library

Paul M. Blowers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,298 words

...practices, and ethics. Finally, scripture is sacramental communication, a medium of the presence of Christ the Logos, in which case interpretation itself demands the abiding presence and aid of the Holy Spirit. [ See also Allegory and Allegorical Interpretation ; Canon of the Bible ; Catholic Biblical Interpretation ; Eastern Orthodox Interpretation ; Exegesis ; Theological Interpretation ; and Translation Techniques, subentry Ancient Versions . ] Bibliography Barton, John . Holy Writings, Sacred Text:...

Diachronic Interpretation

Diachronic Interpretation   Reference library

Brad E. Kelle

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,647 words

... Diachronic Interpretation Diachronic interpretation is a general designation for methods that seek to determine the stages and processes by which biblical texts developed into their present forms. Part of the broader “historical-critical method,” diachronic (lit., “through time”) interpretation focuses on the traditions, sources, and strata that may underlie the text, as well as the different phases of composition and editing through which it emerged. In recent years, diachronic interpretation has included renewed interest in the final form of...

Synchronic Interpretation

Synchronic Interpretation   Reference library

Francis J. Moloney

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,355 words

...texts, especially religious texts, synchronic interpretations have their limitations. Synchronic interpretation, in its various forms (narrative, reader-response, and performance criticism), exists side by side with more traditional historical approaches (source, form, and redaction criticism). All approaches are further questioned by deconstructive readings. Different biblical interpretations can mutually enrich one another. Synchronic interpretations need to be situated in history, historical interpretations should be aware of the text as a whole, and...

Structuralist Interpretation

Structuralist Interpretation   Reference library

Daniel Patte

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,969 words

...to generate particular meaning effects. Structuralist interpretation can be used to study existing interpretations in order to elucidate the textual dimension(s) that each given interpretation chose as most significant in a text and how it constructed meaning out of this dimension. Investigating the process of “textualization” (Greimas’s terminology) as reflected in existing interpretations of the Bible opens the possibility to raise issues of ethics in biblical interpretation: since each interpretation involves a choice of textualization (choosing to view...

Reconstructionist Interpretation

Reconstructionist Interpretation   Reference library

Elsie R. Stern

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,626 words

...aspirations. Kaplan’s program of functional interpretation was designed to identify and articulate the timeless referents of these practices and to reconstruct those practices in ways that were amenable to the modern world and productive in a modern context. In addition, functional interpretation was a strategy for transforming traditional practices that no longer felt compelling to many modern Jews into appealing and nourishing elements of a robust contemporary Judaism. Kaplan described functional interpretation as a multistep process. First, the...

Evangelical Interpretation

Evangelical Interpretation   Reference library

Walter C. Kaiser

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,180 words

...Criticism ; Exegesis ; Historical Criticism, subentry Hebrew Bible ; Historical Criticism, subentry New Testament ; Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, and the Bible ; Lutheran Interpretation ; Midrash ; Pentecostal Interpretation ; Rabbinic Exegesis ; Reformed Christian Interpretation ; Theological Interpretation ; and Wesleyan Biblical Interpretation . ] Bibliography Ames, William . The Marrow of Theology . Edited and translated by John D. Eusden, Boston: Pilgrim, 1968. A classic text used for some 150 years in Ivy...

Postmodern Interpretation

Postmodern Interpretation   Reference library

W. Randolph Tate

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,507 words

...and ultimate goal of biblical interpretation. Globalization will become the Ground Zero that transforms biblical studies into a multivoiced discipline, ensuring an ongoing conversation marked by unforced agreement and tolerant disagreement. [ See also African American Interpretation ; African Biblical Interpretation ; Class Criticism ; Cultural Studies ; Deconstruction ; Feminist Biblical Interpretation ; Ideological Criticism ; Intertextuality ; Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Interpretation ; Materialist Criticism ; ...

Dispensationalist Interpretation

Dispensationalist Interpretation   Reference library

David L. Turner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,020 words

...should be pondered as a way forward from what Poythress called flat interpretation (E. D. Hirsch, Validity in Interpretation . New Haven: Yale, 1967, pp. 44–51, 61–67, 126 note 37, 265–274). More recently Kevin Vanhoozer has attempted to articulate an approach that is both author-centered and conversant with recent hermeneutical developments such as speech-act theory and theological interpretation. Vanhoozer’s informed discussion of author-centered and ethically directed interpretation could be a helpful starting point for fruitful discussions among...

Pentecostal Interpretation

Pentecostal Interpretation   Reference library

Thomas John Christopher

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,555 words

...to be active members in such discerning work on the other hand. Thus, the communal context for interpretation is a living reminder of the biblical mandate that interpretation is no private matter, while at the same time, offering concrete expression of the way in which the diverse gifts of the Spirit function within the body of Christ. The Role of Scripture. The third rather obvious component in this triadic approach to interpretation is the role of scripture itself. While it is clear that scripture functions authoritatively for...

Japanese Interpretation

Japanese Interpretation   Reference library

Tomohiro Omiya

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,326 words

...the history of Japanese Interpretation, it is obvious that almost all Japanese biblical expositors study the Bible in their own context informed by the methodologies of Euro-American biblical scholarship. A unique feature of Japanese Interpretation is that the academic biblical studies play a role to criticize the status quo of institutional Christianity. Only more recently, interpretation has turned toward restoring the neglected perspectives of the minorities in Japan. [ See also Asian American Biblical Interpretation ; Cross-Cultural...

Lutheran Interpretation

Lutheran Interpretation   Reference library

Walter Sunberg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,871 words

...self-conscious reactionary force and to turn the tide to new ways of thinking. [ See also Allegory and Allegorical Interpretation ; Authority of the Bible ; Catholic Biblical Interpretation ; Evangelical Interpretation ; Exegesis ; Historical Criticism, subentry Hebrew Bible ; Historical Criticism, subentry New Testament ; Homiletics ; Reformed Christian Interpretation ; and Theological Interpretation . ] Bibliography Bayer, Oswald . “Luther as an Interpreter of Holy Scripture,” In The Cambridge Companion...

Phenomenological Interpretation

Phenomenological Interpretation   Reference library

Karl Allen Kuhn

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,749 words

... Phenomenological Interpretation The term “phenomenological interpretation,” in the fields of both literary and biblical criticism, is of limited usefulness as the designation for a specific interpretive method. Indeed, although there was a school of analysis in literary critical studies named “phenomenological criticism” (more on this later), the views and methods of this school constituted only one subset of the broader impact that assumptions arising from the philosophical school of “phenomenology” have had on hermeneutical theory and literary...

Formalist Interpretation

Formalist Interpretation   Reference library

Edwin K. Broadhead

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,934 words

...what such stories and signs might mean for the first readers of this Gospel and for modern readers. Summation. Formalism provides a key stage in the development of critical methods of interpretation, but it also exercises an enduring impact on modern literary theory. This is true in general, but particularly so in relation to interpretation of biblical texts. Form Critics and modern literary critics all stand in the shadow of Saussurian linguistics and Russian Formalism, though these connections are seldom recognized or consciously...

Poststructuralist Interpretation

Poststructuralist Interpretation   Reference library

George Aichele

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,737 words

...as they read any other texts—in highly specific contexts, and they always bring to those texts their own particular individual and communal interests and experience. [ See also Deconstruction ; Formalist Interpretation ; Reader-Response Criticism ; Semiotics ; Structuralist Interpretation ; and Synchronic Interpretation . ] Bibliography Aichele, George . Sign, Text, Scripture: Semiotics and the Bible . Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Academic, 1997. This book presents a brief introduction to semiotics, with examples from...

interpretation

interpretation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... The process of giving an...

interpretation

interpretation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... The process of attaching meanings to the expressions of a formal language —or the meanings so attached. Without interpretation, expressions are purely formal entities, neutral with respect to meaning; this neutrality allows one to separate syntactic from semantic concerns, and to consider different interpretations for one formal language. The following are examples: propositional logic interpretations attach Boolean values to primitive symbols; predicate logic interpretations involve relations or functions over some underlying set ; ...

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