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Overview

instrumental value

The value or worth of objects that provide a means to some desirable end, that satisfy some human needs and wants. See also intrinsic value.

instrumental value

instrumental value   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
12 words

... value Value that something has as a means to something...

instrumental value

instrumental value   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... value The value or worth of objects that provide a means to some desirable end, thereby satisfying some human needs and wants. See also intrinsic value...

instrumental value

instrumental value   Reference library

Nicholas Dent

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
114 words

... value . Some item has instrumental value just to the extent that it lends itself (fortuitously or by design) effectively to the achievement of some desired or valued purpose. It is that which is ‘good as a means to … ’. Hammers, chisels, and tools of all kinds are palmary instances of instrumentally valued items. Aristotle described slaves as living tools. In contrast, we think all humans have intrinsic value (or inherent value). Kant's dictum that one should treat all persons ‘as ends’ expresses this thought. Instrumental and other forms of...

instrumental value

instrumental value  

The value or worth of objects that provide a means to some desirable end, that satisfy some human needs and wants. See also intrinsic value.
instrumental values

instrumental values   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
41 words

... values The evaluation of things (whether concrete objects or abstractions) in terms of their utility or suitability for one’s own purposes rather than in terms of intrinsic worth or aesthetic merit. See also values ; compare objectification . ...

Music

Music   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,344 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...registered a new enthusiasm. Handel already formed the mainstay of northern musical taste: as early as 1788 Charles *Dibdin discovered that many Halifax chorus singers knew the whole of Messiah by heart. Instrumental societies also sprang up in every major town, and in many villages too, primarily for gentlemen amateurs to enjoy instrumental performance—initially of Baroque concerti grossi, later of the less demanding of the new symphonies. Edinburgh boasted the best-established music society, based on amateur players, but with some professional...

2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians   Reference library

Margaret MacDonald and Margaret MacDonald

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...his Letters (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox). ——— (1993), ‘Nudity’, in J. Pilch and B. Malina (eds.), Biblical Social Values and Their Meaning (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson), 119–25. Plevnik, J. (1993), ‘Honour/Shame’, in J. Pilch and B. Malina (eds.), Biblical Social Values and Their Meaning (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson), 95–104. Reese, J. M. (1993), ‘Assertiveness’, in J. Pilch and B. Malina (eds.), Biblical Social Values and Their Meaning (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson), 9–11. Sanders, E. P. (1983), Paul, the Law, and the Jewish People ...

Slavery

Slavery   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,891 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...tea parties of ladies of *sensibility [11] (displaying the finest of imported ‘china’) through to labourers interrupting their toils to drink hot sweet tea. Sugar, then, had brought about the most spectacular consequences in Britain. But other slave-grown staples also proved instrumental in redefining both taste and social style. Tobacco, for example, was as British as sweet tea by the mid-eighteenth century. Sold in *taverns , *coffeehouses , and apothecaries, it was also readily available from a proliferating number of specialist shops, markets, and...

Industrialization

Industrialization   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,380 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...were not necessarily thrown into an anarchic and ‘soulless’ environment, but instead often relied on kin or neighbours for early support and sought to live near people from the same area as themselves. Indeed, the early experiences of town life may have strengthened purely instrumental kinship relations before the development of the neighbourly solidarities and sense of ‘community’ later to be associated with working-class urban life. The birth of a working-class community, with its associated mores, communal self-help, and often vigorous informal economy,...

The Evolution and Devolution of Religious Knowledge

The Evolution and Devolution of Religious Knowledge   Reference library

Abdul-Karim Soroush

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,758 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...despite the fact that some of them offer no clear interpretation, but nonbelievers rely on their own reason and reject verses with unjustifiable or unclear meanings. 2. Mutashabihat are instrumental in mobilizing and cultivating reason, which is so dear to the Creator; hence their importance and their need to be incorporated in the Qur'an. 3. Mutashabihat attract the ill-hearted to the Qur'an...

2 The Sacred Book

2 The Sacred Book   Reference library

Carl Olson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,051 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...is a basic Buddhist philosophical presupposition that everything within the world is impermanent, the impermanent and non-absolute nature of language means that it does not possess an enduring structure or metaphysical status. Lacking any intrinsic value, words are only valuable in an instrumental way. Thus, the value of words resides in their ability to accomplish something. During the formative period of the historical evolution of Buddhism, its literature was organized into two baskets: Vinaya-piṭaka (basket of monastic discipline) and Sutta-piṭaka ...

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent   Reference library

Abhijit Gupta

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,070 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of Portuguese Jesuits visited the emperor at Fatehpur Sikri ( see 7 ). In a richly symbolic response, the emperor had several of the engravings in the Bible copied by his own painters. Although the Hindu and Muslim MS traditions took somewhat different routes, they were both instrumental in creating highly evolved communication networks. Access to the production and ownership of MSS was restricted in the Hindu and Buddhist traditions, yet the rise of the vernaculars in the second millennium ce saw a much wider diffusion of the culture of writing and reading....

The Old Testament

The Old Testament   Reference library

John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,443 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
15

...that Saul had the backing of, or was even a member of, ecstatic prophetic groups that were zealous in their devotion to Yahweh. Twice comes the proverb ‘Is Saul also among the prophets?’ ( 1 Sam. 10: 11–12; 19: 24 ), and Samuel, the apparent leader of the prophets, is instrumental in promoting and deposing Saul as king. In the final form of the tradition, Samuel has become a composite figure combining the features of priest and judge with that of ecstatic prophet. It is arguable, however, that the role of ecstatic prophet brings us closest to the...

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire   Reference library

Barbara Geller

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
14,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the “New Israel's” victory over the “Old.” Roughly contemporary with the Christian “conquest” of the Holy City was a change in the value accorded to the earthly Jerusalem. Before the fourth century, Christian theologians had paid little heed to the earthly city, preferring to focus on its heavenly counterpart. But from the time of Constantine, pilgrimage to Jerusalem would be valued as part of a spiritual quest for perfection and as a means of confirming and validating one's faith. Early pilgrims included Helena, Constantine's mother,...

Churches in Context: The Jesus Movement in the Roman World

Churches in Context: The Jesus Movement in the Roman World   Reference library

Daniel N. Schowalter

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,885 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

... A Younger Brother's Revenge: The Reign of Domitian Many Romans greeted the accession of Domitian skeptically. Residing in Rome since before his father came to power in 69 ce , he had been instrumental in maintaining power until Vespasian returned to the city. In doing so, he had raised concerns about his leadership abilities. Once his father began to rule, Domitian was quickly relegated to a secondary status, and his eclipse was exacerbated when his victorious brother...

Psalms

Psalms   Reference library

C. S. Rodd and C. S. Rodd

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
62,266 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...(see ps 114). Often the Psalms retained their spiritual value for those Christians who sang them because they were allegorized. Typology became another method for relating the Testaments, and again, OT figures and ideas were perceived as types of later Christian characters and thought. 4. Historical Interpretation. These approaches existed alongside historical interpretations, and one of the ‘senses’ which Scripture was believed to possess was the historical, even when greater value was placed upon the other interpretations. Attempts at providing...

Luke

Luke   Reference library

Eric Franklin and Eric Franklin

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
46,452 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...two accounts brings out Luke's particular perspective. In his gospel the centurion does not meet Jesus but instead sends elders of the Jews to intercede on his behalf. Their plea for him is based on the fact that he was favourably disposed to the Jewish people and that he was instrumental in the building of this group's synagogue. He was a Gentile, perhaps a Roman officer who, in Galilee, would be in the service of Herod Antipas. He was probably a God-fearer who, though linking himself to the Jewish community and joining in some part of its life, being...

acquired value

acquired value  

A value (monetary or otherwise) that people attach to something because of its perceived usefulness. Contrast intrinsic value. See also instrumental value.
intrinsic value

intrinsic value  

Ethical values or rights that exist as an intrinsic characteristic of a particular thing or class of things simply because of their existence. Also known as inherent value. Contrast acquired value, ...
instrumental rationality

instrumental rationality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A term used by Frankfurt school critical theorists to refer to what they regarded as the reduction of the Enlightenment ideal of reason to a dehumanizing technical rationalism in modern industrial ...

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