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inoperative community

A theory of community put forward by French philosopher Jean-Luc Nancy which rejects the idea that community can be produced through work. By inoperative (‘désoeuvrée’) Nancy does not mean ...

inoperative community

inoperative community   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... community ( communauté désœuvrée ) A theory of community put forward by French philosopher Jean-Luc Nancy which rejects the idea that community can be produced through work. By inoperative (‘désoeuvrée’) Nancy does not mean dysfunctional or failing, but rather a spontaneous or ‘unworked’ inclination to come together that has no object or purpose other than itself. Community does not confer a higher purpose upon its constituents, Nancy claims. It does not, as religious, quasi-religious, and metaphysical philosophers argue (he has in mind Martin...

inoperative community

inoperative community  

A theory of community put forward by French philosopher Jean-Luc Nancy which rejects the idea that community can be produced through work. By inoperative (‘désoeuvrée’) Nancy does not mean ...
Jean-Luc Nancy

Jean-Luc Nancy  

(1940–)Frenchpost-structuralist philosopher. A prolific author of books on the German Romantic tradition in philosophy, including its 20th century adherents such as Martin Heidegger.Born in Caudéran, ...
statute law

statute law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The body of laws passed by the legislature. Statutes may be broadly divided into two. First, Public General Acts—namely, Acts passed by the government of the day or prepared by private members of ...
community

community   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
778 words

...enterprises that are based on group membership. Stewart Motha T Murphy , The Oldest Social Science: Configurations of Law and Modernity (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997) J‐L Nancy , The Inoperative Community (trans P Connor) (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press,...

statute law

statute law   Quick reference

John McEldowney

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
433 words

...into the European Communities raised questions about the sovereignty of the United Kingdom’s Acts of Parliament. In Factortame [ 1991 ] 3 All ER 769, the Law Lords were prepared to override an Act of the UK Parliament which the European Court of Justice regarded as inconsistent with European Community (now European Union) law. Dicey’s orthodox view of British sovereignty is obsolete. UK Acts of Parliament are to be read as consistent with EU law. The extent to which there is inconsistency the UK Act may be held to be invalid or inoperative. The complete...

Nancy, Jean-Luc

Nancy, Jean-Luc (1940– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...the development of a philosophy of his own, albeit one guided by the conviction that philosophical systems are impossible. It is in this phase that he has produced what are widely regarded as his most important works: La Communauté désœuvrée ( 1986 ), translated as The Inoperative Community ( 1991 ), Être singulier pluriel ( 1996 ), translated as Being Singular Plural ( 2000 ), and La Création du monde; ou, La Mondialisation ( 2002 ), translated as The Creation of the World or Globalization ( 2007 ). Nancy is also widely known outside of academia for...

Cyprus

Cyprus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
644 words

...independence, but the terms of the new constitution structurally segregated the two communities while the treaty signed by the interested parties limited Cyprus's sovereignty. Although a multiparty democracy, the state of Cyprus has fragmented, leaving the constitutional order inoperative. In 1960 two communal chambers, one Greek and one Turkish, were created and given broad policy-making powers, while the small minorities had to opt for membership in one of the two communities. The authority of the national government was limited, governmental positions were...

Tithing

Tithing   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
595 words

...of Israel, and farmers in the Diaspora have no obligation to give tithes, although there is some evidence of communities outside Israel, in Egypt for example, having a system of tithing. Again according to the Rabbis, the full tithing laws apply only when the majority of Jews live in the land of Israel and since, in the absence of the purification rites of the red heifer , everyone today suffers from corpse-contamination, the terumah is inoperative in any event. Moreover the purpose of tithing, for the upkeep of the priests and Levites, has no meaning...

Nancy, Jean-Luc

Nancy, Jean-Luc (b. 1940)   Reference library

Marie-Eve Morin

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,706 words

...is, our being-in-common—and it is essentially linked to literature as that which interrupts the work and prevents its totalization or self-presence. Hence, literary communism is another name for the interruption of myth or for the inoperative or unworked community. Nancy first used the term “inoperativity” ( désœuvrement ), which he borrows from Blanchot, in The Literary Absolute (co-written with Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe). There, Nancy and Lacoue-Labarthe take issue with the Jena Romantics’ belief in the ability of the work of art to present the...

Tzotzil

Tzotzil   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,473 words

...documents written in Tzotzil exist. Today, illiteracy in Chiapas, especially among women, has remained very high. Practically no Tzotzil speakers have a university education. Despite government claims to the contrary, bilingual education has been virtually nonexistent or inoperative, as in the case of Chamula, where half the teachers assigned are Tzeltal speakers. For the Tzotzil, language is the primary source of identity. As they say, “Our language is our seed.” Every Tzotzil township has its distinctive dialect. The Tzotzil-Tzeltal writers' cooperative,...

Small Arms

Small Arms   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,007 words

...come to be seen as the tools for conflict resolution, and armed violence as the only way forward. The widespread proliferation of small arms may limit the ability of civilians to access food and needed supplies. During periods of instability, transportation routes are rendered inoperative, leading to market closures, and food becomes scarce as fields lie untended because of the threat of small arms. Areas in desperate need of relief may be prevented from receiving humanitarian assistance when small arms are used to specifically target humanitarian aid workers...

Rwandan Genocide

Rwandan Genocide   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,074 words

...in the extent to which ordinary people, mobilized by a small elite, participated in the killing. The genocide was sparked by the assassination of President Juvenal Habyarimana , whose airplane was shot down as he returned from a meeting about the Arusha Accords, largely inoperative since their signature in August 1993 . The Accords supposedly ended a three-year-long war with the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), but both sides were preparing to resume combat and did so after Habyarimana's death. The RPF was made up mostly of Tutsi who had fled abroad after...

Rwandan Genocide

Rwandan Genocide   Reference library

Alison Des Forges

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,078 words

...in the extent to which ordinary people, mobilized by a small elite, participated in the killing. The genocide was sparked by the assassination of President Juvenal Habyarimana, whose airplane was shot down as he returned from a meeting about the Arusha Accords, largely inoperative since their signature in August 1993 . The Accords supposedly ended a three-year-long war with the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), but both sides were preparing to resume combat and did so after Habyarimana's death. The RPF was made up mostly of Tutsi who had fled abroad after...

Globalization

Globalization   Reference library

Leon Wainwright

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,655 words

...aspirations for global community, after they became, in some quarters, a euphemism for Americanization. Such a “counterdiscourse” is distinctive for being in marked disagreement with the implementation of multicultural policies, the separate management of cultural heritage, the compartmentalization of global societies, and the widespread particularization, inequities, competition, and fragmentation associated with globalization. It is a proposal that hinges on certain key terms: critical and creative practices should remain “inoperative” (ateleological,...

Gaze

Gaze   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,626 words

...Visible and the Invisible . Edited by Claude Lefort , translated by Alphonso Lingis . Evanston, Ill., 1968. Mulvey, Laura . Visual and Other Pleasures . Bloomington, Ind., 1989. Mulvey, Laura . Fetishism and Curiosity . Bloomington, Ind., 1996. Nancy, Jean-Luc . The Inoperative Community . Edited and translated by Peter Connor . Minneapolis, 1991. Nancy, Jean-Luc . The Muses . Translated by Peggy Kamuf . Stanford, Calif., 1996. Newman, Michael . The Trace of Trauma: Blindness, Testimony, and the Gaze in Blanchot and Derrida. In Maurice Blanchot: The...

Gaze

Gaze   Reference library

Stephen Melville

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,758 words

...Lingis . Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1968. Mulvey, Laura . Fetishism and Curiosity . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996. Mulvey, Laura . Visual and Other Pleasures . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. Nancy, Jean-Luc . The Inoperative Community . Edited and translated by Peter Connor . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1991. Nancy, Jean-Luc . The Muses . Translated by Peggy Kamuf . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1996. Newman, Michael . “The Trace of Trauma: Blindness, Testimony, and the...

Independence Wars

Independence Wars   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,452 words

...rule. Independent Mexico now began its national life under ill auspices: tens of thousands of deaths and other casualties, both military and civilian; the countryside ravaged by a decade of warfare; the great silver mines and their refineries burned, flooded, or otherwise inoperative; textile mills and other industrial enterprises shrunken or obliterated; transportation networks disrupted; large guerrilla and royalist militia forces awaiting demobilization with few prospects of employment; and political power dispersed into the hands of unruly and ambitious...

Sovereignty

Sovereignty   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
3,916 words

...The British origins of Australia's federal polity compromised its internal sovereignty well into the twentieth century—primarily through the Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865 (Imp), which declared colonial laws inconsistent with certain Imperial statutes ‘absolutely void and inoperative’. In the Union Steamship Case ( 1925 ), the Court held that this restricted the exercise even of Commonwealth legislative powers . In the Limerick Steamship Case ( 1924 ) and the Skin Wool Case ( 1926 ), the Court struggled to reconcile its deference to Imperial...

Feasts and Festivals

Feasts and Festivals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,538 words

...and to recite psalms of praise, the Hallel ( Pss. 113–118 ). Conclusion. After the Roman destruction of Jerusalem and of the Second Temple in 70 CE , when all sacrificial rites became inoperative, major changes in observance affect virtually all biblical feasts. Yet all biblical feasts continue to be celebrated to this day, both in Israel and wherever Jewish communities exist. Baruch A. Levine...

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