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Overview

information technology

The study or use of computers, telecommunication systems, and other devices for storing, retrieving, and transmitting information (2). See also information theory. IT abbrev.

information technology

information technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... technology ( IT ) The technology of the production, storage, and communication of information, using computers and microelectronics. ...

information technology

information technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
45 words

... technology ( IT ) Commonly a synonym for computers and computer networks but more broadly designating any technology that is used to generate, store, process, and/or distribute information electronically, including television and the telephone . Compare information and communication technology . ...

information technology

information technology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... technology n . The study or use of computers, telecommunication systems, and other devices for storing, retrieving, and transmitting information ( 2 ) . See also information theory . IT abbrev...

information technology

information technology   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
77 words

... technology ( IT ) Computer and telecommunications technologies used in processing information of any kind. Word processing, the use of a database and the sending of electronic mail (e-mail) over a computer network all involve the use of information technology. Television stations employ information technology to provide viewers with teletext services. IT has revolutionized retailing and banking through the development of bar codes . In manufacturing, IT has enabled the development of computer-aided manufacture ( CAM ). See also ...

information technology

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A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... technology ( IT ) Any form of technology, i.e. any equipment or technique, used by people to handle information . Mankind has handled information for thousands of years; early technologies included the abacus and printing. The last four decades or so have seen an amazingly rapid development of information technology, spearheaded by the computer; more recently, cheap microelectronics have permitted the diffusion of this technology into almost all aspects of daily life and an almost inextricable cross-fertilizing and intermingling of its various...

information technology

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A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...information technology ( IT ) A field of science and technology that has made spectacular advances in the past half century and continues to do so. The advances in computers, including miniaturization, advanced circuitry, fiberoptics, and communications satellites, have transformed society, facilitating collection, processing, transmission, and storage of information on a scale and with a scope that were unimaginable half a century ago. ...

information technology

information technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
118 words

... technology ( IT ) The study of computing, microelectronics, and the storage and transmission of data. Once a generic term for all aspects of this field of study, its most common usage now is in referring to the study of the software and hardware which computer technology employs, for example in subjects such as computer studies, rather than to the use or application of that technology, which now comes under the curriculum area of information communication technology . Both have become an important part of the school curriculum following the...

information technology

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A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
135 words

... technology ( IT ) The use of computers and other electronic means to process and distribute information. Information can be transferred between computers using cables, Wi-Fi, satellite links, or telephone lines and the cellular network (mobile phones). Networks of connected computers can be used to send e-mail , to interrogate remote databases using the Internet , and to transmit sound, pictures, and moving images. These systems also enable electronic transfer of funds between banks, as well as home banking , automated screen trading in...

information technology

information technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
134 words

... technology ( IT ) The use of computers and other electronic means to process and distribute information. Information can be transferred between computers using cables, satellite links, or telephone lines and the cellular network (mobile phones). Networks of connected computers can be used to send e-mail , to interrogate remote databases using the Internet , and to transmit sound, pictures, and moving images. These systems also enable electronic transfer of funds between banks, as well as home banking , automated screen trading in stocks and...

Information Technology

Information Technology   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Technology Information technology (IT) is a driver of global change, both through the changes in economies and through more direct environmental effects. It is also a tool for studying, managing, and responding to global change. Understanding information technology from both of these perspectives requires an understanding of some of the history of information technology and its consequences for society and the environment, as well as its existing applications in the study of global change through the collection, storage, analysis, and dissemination of...

information technology

information technology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...see bottling . Thanks to information technology, wine analysis is today much more sophisticated than could have been imagined even a decade ago, and there have even been attempts to mechanize the process of tasting . During fermentation, IT-integrated tanks provide temperature and wine composition data for each tank, not just in the winery but for a consultant who may be thousands of miles away. During élevage , the content and history of individual tanks, barrels, and pallets, can also be tracked. Information technology has greatly assisted such...

information technology

information technology   Reference library

Science, Technology, and Society

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...our age the greatest advocates of the free and open exchange of information are developed countries with robust computing infrastructures. Some in developing countries see this as a second wave of colonialism: The first wave pillaged material resources, and the second will pillage information. All of these concerns can be met through the development of careful information policies. There is a continuing urgent need to develop such policies. International Technoscience and Information Technology International electronic communication holds out the apparent...

Information Technology

Information Technology   Reference library

Gianluca Pastori

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,255 words

... Technology . The term “ information technology” ( IT ) became widespread in the 1970s to describe—according to the most recent definition of the Information Technology Association of America—“the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer based information systems, particularly software application and computer hardware.” The formative period of contemporary IT dates back to the mid-twentieth century, when developments in information theory, information science, and informatics laid the foundations of successive...

Information technology

Information technology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,191 words

... technology . The Court has come a long way in its use of information technology, or in the old terminology, ‘equipment’, since 1903 . A perusal of correspondence between the District Registrar in NSW and the Principal Registrar in Melbourne reveals that office requisites then included such items as ink wells, steel nibs for wooden pens, chalk (presumably for the drying of ink), and typewriter ribbon. Court proceedings and the Register of Practitioners were recorded in traditional leather‐bound registers. The entries were made in ink, using...

Information Technology

Information Technology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
582 words

... Technology . As the world prepared for the twenty-first century, electronic media—particularly computers and satellites in space—altered the nature of mass media organizations, world news, and traditional government internal information controls. Because one satellite can cover a third of the globe, its messages and images ignore national boundaries and thus radically alter the historic balance of power between nation–states and media corporations. Media entrepreneurs, like individuals, can operate outside of their national home bases in relative...

information learning technology

information learning technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
76 words

... learning technology ( ILT ) The term used in post-compulsory education, particularly in colleges of further education , to refer to the use and applications of technology by teachers to support and enhance students' learning. It includes such resources and strategies as virtual learning environments , e-learning , and blended learning programmes. See also Information Communication Technology (ICT) . http://www.etini.gov.uk/report-on-information-and-learning-technologies-ilt-in-further-education-colleges-in-northern-ireland.pdf ...

information communication technology

information communication technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
148 words

... communication technology ( ICT ) 1. An area of the curriculum concerned with the uses of technology. Although it is sometimes used interchangeably in schools with the term information technology , ICT is widely recognized as denoting the study of the applications and use of the technology, for example through the exploration and creation of electronic toys and models, and through the production of electronic music. Since the introduction of the national curriculum , ICT has been a compulsory subject for all pupils, but was disapplied for...

Health Information Technology

Health Information Technology   Reference library

Jordan Everson and Melinda Beeuwkes Buntin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health Economics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
14,778 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Information Technology The potential for information technology to improve the delivery of healthcare has been evident since early applications of computing ( Shortliffe, 1999 ). While other forms of medical technology have historically led to increased costs of healthcare ( Cutler, Rosen, & Vijan, 2006 ), health information technology (HIT) has the potential to reduce the cost of healthcare while improving quality ( Hillestad et al., 2005 ). HIT promises to improve efficiency and reduce redundant utilization of services by making patient information more...

information and communications technology

information and communications technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... and communications technology ( ICT ) 1. An umbrella term used to cover both computing and telecommunications technologies, with an emphasis on their combined use in information processing and transmission. 2. The physical convergence of telephone and computer network...

information and communication technology

information and communication technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
44 words

... and communication technology ( ICT ) An umbrella term for all of the various media employed in communicating information : for example, in an educational context ICT may include computers, the internet , television broadcasts , and even printed or handwritten notes. ...

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