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Overview

information society

A concept that responds to the expansion and ubiquity of information. The term has been in use since the 1970s, but has gained in popularity and is now widely used in social and political ...

information society

information society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
65 words

... society See also post-industrialism . 1. A popular characterization of contemporary social relations as being dominated by information technology and employment by knowledge industries. Giddens argues that all nation states can be considered as information societies because of their reliance on information for communication and control. 2. The occupational shift from manual to office work in advanced industrial societies (Bell). ...

information society

information society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... society A society built on information storage, retrieval, and transmission, time–space compression , post-Fordism , flexible accumulation , and the advance of finance capital, which is characterized by networking, globalization , and the flexibility, individuality, and instability of work. ‘Information technologies, both as a process and product, contain embedded social knowledge, and thus represent the construction of new social norms and institutions’ (Eischen ( 2001 ) U. Calif., Santa Cruz, W. Paper Series 1009 ). ‘The information society...

information society

information society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
558 words

...on the information society. 1. Technological . The most common definition is to highlight an increase in information and communications technologies (ICTs) as signalling the emergence of an information society. It is suggested, often implicitly, that ICTs both define and create the information society. Technological measures appear robust, but on examination they are vague (e.g. they range from photocopiers to PCs, the Internet to video games, to digitalization in general). 2. Economic . This suggests that the information society is one in which...

Information Society

Information Society   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,733 words

...half of all workers in the United States hold occupations in the information sector, and similar tendencies can be observed for countries such as Britain, Germany, Japan, and Singapore. Early studies of the information society emphasized new developments apparently leading to a postindustrial society . However, many scholars now see the information society as deeply rooted in the historic growth of capitalism and in the expansion of industrialization. Accordingly, the information society may be seen as a continuation of the social forces that forged...

Society for Constitutional Information

Society for Constitutional Information   Reference library

John F. C. Harrison

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
99 words

... for Constitutional Information . Founded in 1780 by Major Cartwright and other middle-class radicals to promote parliamentary reform, the SCI flourished until 1783 , but thereafter made little headway, partly because its energies were diluted by efforts in support of anti-slavery , prison reform, and the civic emancipation of dissenters. The SCI actively promoted Paine ’s Rights of Man and other radical publications, and under the leadership of Horne Tooke collaborated with other reform societies, metropolitan and provincial. After the...

Society for Constitutional Information

Society for Constitutional Information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
68 words

... for Constitutional Information Founded in 1780 by Major John Cartwright to promote parliamentary reform, the SCI flourished until 1783 , but thereafter made little headway. The SCI actively promoted Paine's Rights of Man and other radical publications, and under the leadership of Horne Tooke collaborated with other reform societies, metropolitan and provincial. After the government repression and treason trials of 1794 , the SCI ceased to...

Society for Constitutional Information

Society for Constitutional Information (1780–92)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... for Constitutional Information , 1780–92 , an influential middle-class reform association which propounded the basic principles and programmes adopted by the British popular reform movement until the late nineteenth century. Modelled on earlier associations for moderate *parliamentary reform , the Society for Constitutional Information of 1780 eclipsed all former groups in the rigour of its principles based on seventeenth-century *natural rights theory, in the extremity of its political demands centred on annual parliaments and universal manhood...

Global Knowledge Society and Information Technology

Global Knowledge Society and Information Technology   Reference library

Shalini Venturelli

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
8,986 words

...Sociale du Jugement . Paris: Les Editions de Minuit. Bouwman, H. (2003) Communication in the Information Society: ICT and the (In)Visibility of Communication Science in the Low Countries. Communications 28 (1): 61–87. Boyle, J. (1996) Shamans, Software and Spleens: Law and the Construction of the Information Society . Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Castells, M. (2001) The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business and Society . New York: Oxford University Press. CEDP (2004) Michigan Knowledge Economy Index: A County-Level Assessment...

information society

information society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A concept that responds to the expansion and ubiquity of information. The term has been in use since the 1970s, but has gained in popularity and is now widely used in social and political policy. ...
Society for Constitutional Information

Society for Constitutional Information  

Founded in 1780 by Major John Cartwright to promote parliamentary reform, the SCI flourished until 1783, but thereafter made little headway. The SCI actively promoted Paine's Rights of Man and other ...
Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Wales ( 1801–7 ). Another London‐based cultural and patriotic society was the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, founded in 1751 , and revived in 1820 and again in 1873 . The Society has promoted and published scholarly works, including significant studies in genealogy and local history. It published the journal Y Cymmrodor from 1877 to 1951 from 1893 the Transactions , which continue to appear regularly; and the Dictionary of Welsh Biography ( 1959 , 2001 ), providing information on the lives of eminent Welsh people who died before 1970 ....

Tracing a Family Tree: Getting Started

Tracing a Family Tree: Getting Started   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
3,642 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the British Isles. It provides answers to Frequently Asked Questions and devotes pages to topics such as military records. These are followed by county pages, which provide links to the web sites of county record offices, local family history societies, county surname interest links, etc., and information about national genealogical organizations and all relevant mailing lists. Genuki also acts as the main newsletter for British family historians. For those whose family history interests extend beyond the British Isles, the most comprehensive site is Cyndi's...

The Twentieth Century

The Twentieth Century   Quick reference

Brian M. Short

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,083 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...portions braced together. This number corresponds to the hereditament number in the Valuation Book, and is a key to finding the hereditament in the Field Books, through The National Archive's finding aids. The information to be found in the valuation documents presents numerous possibilities for the investigation of early 20th‐century local society and economy. The fact that the valuers were specifically concerned to identify owners of land ensured the compilation of full data on owners’ and occupiers’ names and addresses, and land‐ and property ownership,...

Family History

Family History   Quick reference

Anthony Camp

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...was formed within the Society of Genealogists, and from 1982–2005 it published a quarterly journal, Computers in Genealogy , to report progress in the application of computers in genealogy. A wide variety of computer programs has since appeared. The management and arrangement of genealogical information, whether by drop‐line chart pedigree, indented narrative, printed card or form, punched card or computer, is undoubtedly one of the attractions of the subject, and the two disciplines go well together. The speed with which information can be transmitted by...

Education

Education   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,295 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...level, much information about 19th‐century schools can be gleaned from newspapers , including advertisements, parish magazines, and local reports. A great deal of local information is tucked away in various national journals, periodicals, parliamentary papers, and annual reports, e.g. those of the two voluntary societies, the National and the British and Foreign. A thorough search of all these can be very rewarding. Among the parliamentary papers are the volumes of the Reports of the Charity Commissioners ( 1819–40 ), which contain information on charity...

Introduction: Muslim Activist Intellectuals and Their Place in
          History

Introduction: Muslim Activist Intellectuals and Their Place in History   Reference library

John L. Esposito and John O. Voll

Makers of Contemporary Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,895 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...parts of the Muslim world, people began conscious efforts to reshape and reform their societies. There was a growing sense of inadequacy and weakness in the face of the expanding European imperial and industrial powers. These reforms involved not only changing structures of government but also increasingly important efforts to provide the information and knowledge necessary for such modernizing (at almost exclusively “Westernizing”) efforts. Schools...

African‐Caribbean Genealogy

African‐Caribbean Genealogy   Quick reference

Guy Grannum

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,002 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... 1962 to include colonial subjects. Certificates of registration as Citizens of the UK and Colonies 1948–87 are in TNA series HO 334 in certificate order number. The information includes name, name at birth if different, address, date and place of birth, marital status, father's name and date and place of birth, and whether he was still alive. Certificates from 1980 contain less information, recording only name, name at birth if different, address, and place and date of birth. TNA does not hold indexes to these registrations; tax registration number can be...

The Antiquarian Tradition

The Antiquarian Tradition   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,837 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and description of nature, was adopted by the members of the Royal Society in the 1660s. Irelands Naturall History ( 1645 ), written by the Dutchman Gerard Boate, from information provided by his brother and other planters, was the first study of natural history to make careful and exact observations of a particular part of Britain. The Baconian approach also liberated archaeological studies from a dependence on literary sources. John Aubrey , a Fellow of the Royal Society who had begun collecting observations on antiquities and natural history in...

South Asian Genealogy

South Asian Genealogy   Quick reference

Abi Husainy

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
3,254 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...found through the Calendar of Persian Correspondence , which includes a certain amount of family history information. Genealogical tables of the Mughal dynasty are published in the Imperial Gazetteer of India , 2, pp. 368–90, and the general genealogy of the Pathan tribes is in 19, p. 207. Manuscripts of Indian and other South Asian counties also exist in the libraries of the Royal Asiatic Society and Edinburgh University, which can give useful information on Mughal royal families in India. See M. A. Hukk , H. Ethe , and E. Robertson , A Descriptive...

Islam and the 1995 Beijing World Conference on Women

Islam and the 1995 Beijing World Conference on Women   Reference library

Muhammad Shahrour

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,254 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...women, men, and children would only be opposed by a person of limited vision, a person who is unaware of the information revolution which has occurred in the last half of the 20th century, shortening distances and making the world a small village. Such a person has not realized that the era of concealing information from people with iron curtains has passed, and the time of forbidding people to read, listen and view has vanished forever. The information revolution has given us something important—knowledge. It has helped us move to a new level of awareness,...

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