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informational

1 of, pertaining to, giving, or carrying information. 2 (in biochemistry) describing any biological macromolecule that contains or ...

information

information   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
26 words

... 1 communicated or communicable factual knowledge; data; news. 2 genetic information . 3 (in computing) the results obtained by processing raw data according to programmed...

information

information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Data that have been transformed through analysis and interpretation into a form which is useful for drawing conclusions and making decisions, i.e. that which informs. See also management information...

information

information (copyright)   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
31 words

...information (copyright) copyright does not protect ideas or information or data per se. What it protects is the expression of an idea in physical form ( see work ). See also compilation...

information

information   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021

...information The information associated with an event E is −log 2 Pr( E ), and the unit of information is a bit . So the information in a fair coin toss is 1 bit and in a fair die roll is log 2 6 bits (which is between 2 and 3 bits). Note that the information relating to two independent events is equal to the sum of the separate events’ information...

information

information n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . 1. Knowledge acquired by learning ( 2 ) . 2. In information theory , a numerical quantity indicating the degree of uncertainty in a signal , such that if the signal occurs with probability p , then the information that it conveys, symbolized by H , is equal to log 2 (1/ p ), the units of measurement being binary digits or bits . See also byte , information technology , information theory , nybble . [From Latin informare to give form or shape to, from in into +  formare to form, from forma a form or shape + - ation ...

information

information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
63 words

... A statement by which a magistrate is informed of the offence for which a summons or warrant is required. A person who lays an information before a magistrate is an informant ( see laying an information ). Under the Criminal Justice Act 2003 it will be replaced by a written charge and a requisition for the accused to appear before the...

information

information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
299 words

...than a potential purchaser. Asymmetric information is a cause of market failure . Contract theory has found it useful to distinguish between public information and private information. Public information is observable and verifiable, so can be a determinant of the pay-off in an incentive contract. Private information cannot be observed but only inferred from actions. An incentive contract cannot be conditioned on private information. In game theory the distinction is made between games with complete information—all participants know the entire structure...

Information

Information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Information Facts that have been arranged and/or transformed to provide the basis for interpretation and conversion into knowledge. ...

information

information   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
557 words

...and that only information about the occurrence of the binding event is generated (i.e., bound or not bound). This provides no structural information about the ligand. The mathematical concept of information implies the generation of a sequence, as when information is encoded by a sequence of binary digits. A better chemical example of generation of new structural information is found in random mutation of the genetic code, because in this case a new DNA molecule is produced with different informational content. However, “transferring information in bimolecular...

information

information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
200 words

... 1. Often used loosely as a synonym for data , facts , or knowledge . 2. Data interpreted within a framework (e.g. a schema or a theory ). In this sense, there is no information in books, computers, or the world: data only becomes information when it is interpreted. 3. Knowledge acquired by learning or research. 4. A label for the basic communicative function of imparting facts or knowledge ( see information function ) and for forms of discourse concerned with this function ( see exposition ). 5. The referential or semantic...

information

information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...information Facts (data) that have been arranged and/or transformed in order to provide the basis for analysis and interpretation and (ideally) transformation into knowledge. Information on public health is summarized in many ways for transmission to and use by public health officials, to ensure that policies, programs, and day-to-day decisions are rationally based. ...

information

information   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... 1 Any unit of data or knowledge. 2 The content of a message that serves to reduce uncertainty. 3 In the information processing model or theory of behaviour, the data to which a person reacts, and which precipitates behaviour in a particular situation. See also bit...

information

information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
30 words

...information The facts about something, which are widely said to be the very essence of journalism in general and reporting in particular. See also objective journalism ; truth ; verification...

information

information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
108 words

... n. The written statement by which a prosecutor informs a magistrate of the offence for which a summons or warrant is required. A person who lays an information before a magistrate is an informant ( see laying an information ). An information must contain a statement that describes the offence in ordinary language, identify any legislation that creates it, and include such particulars of the conduct constituting the commission of the offence as to make clear what the prosecutor alleges against the defendant (Criminal Procedure Rules). The...

information

information   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...import of data are only relevant to information inasmuch as they contribute to the reduction of uncertainty. If an identical memorandum is received twice, it does not convey twice the information that its first occurrence conveyed: the second occurrence conveys no information at all, unless, by prior agreement, the number of occurrences is itself to be regarded as significant. Information has ramifications in security, politics, culture, and the economy, as well as in science and engineering. The extent to which information is used as an economic commodity is...

Information

Information   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
512 words

... (1922) not the will to believe wish to find out In an information-rich world, the wealth of information means a dearth of something else: a scarcity of whatever it is that information consumes. What information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention. Herbert A. Simon 1916 – 2001 American economist , political scientist , and computer scientist ‘Designing Organizations for an Information-Rich World’ in Martin Greenberger (ed.) Computers,...

information provider

information provider   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
4 words

... provider See IP...

information retrieval

information retrieval   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
13 words

... retrieval The process of accessing information in documents or databases . ...

information theory

information theory   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
14 words

... theory the quantitative theory of the coding and transmission of signals and information...

information goods

information goods   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
16 words

... goods Products with a high information content. Such products can be digitized and delivered...

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