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inflation of consciousness

In analytical psychology, the expansion of a person's consciousness beyond its normal limits, arising through identification (2) with an archetype (2), the persona (1) or, in certain ...

inflation of consciousness

inflation of consciousness n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... of consciousness n . In analytical psychology , the expansion of a person's consciousness beyond its normal limits, arising through identification ( 2 ) with an archetype ( 2 ) , the persona ( 1 ) or, in certain mental disorders, a famous person, resulting in an exaggerated sense of importance that is generally compensated for by feelings of inferiority. Carl Gustav Jung ( 1875–1961 ) described how it arises when the archetypal content ‘seizes hold of the psyche with a kind of primeval force and compels it to transgress the bounds of humanity....

inflation of consciousness

inflation of consciousness  

In analytical psychology, the expansion of a person's consciousness beyond its normal limits, arising through identification (2) with an archetype (2), the persona (1) or, in certain mental ...
analytical psychology

analytical psychology  

A term introduced by Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961) in 1913, the year he left the psychoanalytic movement, to denote the new approach that he saw as having evolved out of psychoanalysis under his ...
analytical psychology

analytical psychology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...he saw as having evolved out of psychoanalysis under his leadership. Also called Jungian analysis . See abaissement du niveau mental , active imagination , amplification , anagogic interpretation , anima , animus ( 3 ) , archetypal form , archetype ( 2 ) , collective unconscious , complex indicator , directed association , directed thinking , Electra complex , enantiodromia , extraversion , fantasy thinking , function type , God-image , horme , imago ( 1 ) , individuation , inflation of consciousness , introversion , mana , ...

Self-deception

Self-deception   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...thought of as biased social theories—theories that, through biased use of facts and logic, give ourselves a preferred position. We have social theories regarding all of our relationships, including employer–employee and the structure of our larger society (for example, is it fair regarding people such as ourselves?). There is probably an intrinsic benefit in keeping a more optimistic view of the future than facts would seem to justify. It has been known for some time that depressed individuals tend not to go in for the routine kinds of self-inflation that we...

phenomenal concepts

phenomenal concepts   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,209 words

...stimulation or a certain sort of corticothalamic oscillation), in Martians the pain role may be played by the inflation of tiny cavities in their feet. Phenomenal concepts as recognitional concepts . Brian Loar ( 1990 / 1997 ) construes phenomenal concepts as recognitional concepts. One deploys a recognitional concept when one recognizes something as one of those , without relying on theoretical knowledge. For example one might have both a recognitional concept of a certain sort of spider and a theoretical concept of that same spider. Here the two...

Latvia

Latvia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
883 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Latvia An area colonized by the Teutonic Order of Knights in the thirteenth century. A German merchant and landowning elite emerged whose domination lasted until the early twentieth century. Under Polish rule since the sixteenth century, and part of Russia since the late eighteenth century, there emerged a national, ‘Latvian’ consciousness only during the second half of the nineteenth century, with the development of a Latvian bourgeoisie and landowning elite. Initial statehood (1918–39) In 1918 a Latvian Communist government proclaimed independence and called...

Manuel, Trevor

Manuel, Trevor (1956)   Reference library

thiven reddy

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,001 words

...associated with the Trotskyist-Marxist Unity Movement. Unlike many of his many middle-class friends who went on to university, a lack of funds forced Manuel to obtain a clerical job at a major construction company, where he eventually became a civil engineering technician. Leaving behind the establishment politics of the Labour Party, Manuel became attracted to the militancy espoused by Steve Biko’s Black Consciousness (BC) ideology. BC promoted black assertiveness, solidarity of the oppressed (which in South Africa included the African, Coloured, and...

Brazil

Brazil   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,200 words

...retained some of the principal economic policymakers of the Cardoso government who succeeded in controlling inflation and the deficit to a degree. His chosen successor, Dilma Rousseff , was elected in 2010 and took office as Brazil's first woman president in 2011 . Social Bases of Politics and Catalysts for Change. Amid the economic turmoil of the 1980s, political relations among various sectors of Brazilian society began to transform themselves. While the state retained preeminence as the broker of civil discourse, the reshaping of major civil...

Society and War

Society and War   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...thrown out of work or earn an inadequate wage at a time of price inflation. Those not central to the tasks of waging war can go to the wall during it. This is a form of economic triage, separating workers whose activities are essential from those the economy (and the nation) can spare. Many of the latter are elderly. On balance, though, there is a tendency for war to reduce the distance between classes and between strata within classes. This leveling effect may not be long‐lasting, and it does create expectations hard to realize in the aftermath of war. Social...

Pollard, Sidney

Pollard, Sidney (1925–98)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,728 words

...of Pollard’s books were the Banks and the Treasury. The natural inclination of the businessman, he suggested, was to spread employment, to build up their own firm. By contrast, the instinct of the banker was to save. Increased employment would mean – in the bankers’ eyes – higher inflation. Inflation tended to privilege those currently making money against those who had inherited it, or made it in the past. The Banks would rather see mass unemployment (with low inflation), than low unemployment and high inflation. Monetarist economics was an extreme form of...

anaesthesia

anaesthesia   Reference library

Willam Patron

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,994 words

...and neurochemistry of the nociceptive pathways, and the successful application of decision theory to the study of pain, a systematic study of the action of a range of anaesthetics on pain discrimination and pain report seems well worth while. 3. The effect on sensation generally . An intriguing but neglected observation is that anaesthetics facilitate the generation of impulses in the vagal nerve fibres registering the inflation of the lung, which accounts for the ability of many anaesthetics to produce what is known as ‘rapid shallow breathing’. It...

Seventies, The

Seventies, The   Reference library

Natasha Zaretzsky

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...planetary consciousness. Environmentalism, one of the signature movements of the 1970 s (the first Earth Day took place in 1970 ), was catalyzed by the first satellite images of the earth from space—a vision of “spaceship earth” that conveyed a new sense of global interdependence. Satellite technology meant that images of the desertification of the Aral Sea or of human rights atrocities could circulate quickly around the globe and mobilize a diverse array of citizens. The 1970 s witnessed the emergence of relatively new political grammars of “human...

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
882 words
Illustration(s):
1

...politics were conducted more against a background of continuing traditional tribal divisions than a sense of national awakening. Attempts to further a national consciousness included, for example, the declaration of Kyrgizian as the only official language in 1989 . The growth of this uncertain nationalism backfired in June 1990 , when a wave of xenophobia led to a massacre of the country's (relatively well-off) Uzbek minority. In response, Massalyev was forced to retire, and the head of the Academy of Science, Askar Akayev , was elected President. After...

Living-Wage Movement

Living-Wage Movement   Reference library

Laura Murphy

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...movement developed in the first decade of the twentieth century as part of the Progressive reform effort to find legislative solutions to social problems. Inspired by late nineteenth-century social-justice movements, by the growth of a consumer-based class consciousness among U.S. workers, and by the Catholic social doctrine that every worker has a right to a decent livelihood, the movement sought to establish legal minimum wages that guaranteed all workers a living wage. Florence Kelley, the general secretary of the National Consumers League (NCL), and...

Russian Revolution, 1917

Russian Revolution, 1917   Quick reference

Geraldine Lievesley

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
790 words

...of industry, land hunger, and the collapse of Russia’s infrastructure) and instead launched the disastrous Galician military offensive in June. On 10 June a mass demonstration in Petrograd called for the Soviet to confront the Provisional Government although Lenin argued that the workers were not ready for this. There was clear support for the Bolsheviks in Petrograd but they were gaining ground at a much slower pace in the provinces and at the front. And the Bolshevik party was itself divided over strategy. Military defeat, accelerating inflation and...

Great Society.

Great Society.   Reference library

Michael Gillette

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,503 words

...black consciousness, urban riots manifested the rage and hopelessness that gripped the nation's inner cities. While the problem of racial discrimination would persist, the Great Society fundamentally altered race relations in America. The sweeping changes wrought by the three civil rights measures created a new social framework for subsequent generations of all races. The War on Poverty. To promote equal opportunity, Johnson launched an “unconditional” war against poverty . With the creation in 1964 of a new government agency, the Office of Economic...

Bain, Alexander

Bain, Alexander (1818–1903)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,914 words

...of terror, indebted in part to Charles Bell's Essays on the Anatomy of Expression in Painting ( 1806 ), but going beyond it, was remarkable in its detail. Terror, he wrote, is seen in the stare of the eyes, elevation of the eyebrows, and inflation of the nostril – in the hair standing on end under the increased action of the muscle of the scalp, and in the contraction or creeping of the skin … a convulsive clench of the hand … the dropping of the jaw … the loosening of the sphincters … loss of appetite … the general convulsive tremor … the cold sweat...

SEHNSUCHT

SEHNSUCHT (GERMAN)   Reference library

Christian Helmreich

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
2,806 words

...of Language and the Word , 1828–29 , in Schlegel, Kritische , 10: 398). It is hardly surprising to learn that, by means of a circular movement entirely characteristic of Schlegel’s thought, this engine that drives us toward the divine is itself of divine origin (ibid., 10: 33). C. Hegel: Sehnsucht and the unhappy consciousness By emphasizing the dynamic aspect of Sehnsucht , Romantic thought thus tends to erase somewhat the element of suffering and passivity. For Hegel this longing is, on the contrary, one of the chief manifestations of the...

Fisher, Irving

Fisher, Irving (1867–1947)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,645 words

...Interest , which remains the locus classicus of the relationship between real and nominal interest. Fisher credited Alfred Marshall for remarking the effect of expected inflation on the money rate of interest, and Jacob de Haas for an article on the subject, but it was Fisher's monograph that established the relationship in the consciousness of the discipline. Where i is the nominal interest rate, a the expected rate of appreciation of money (Fisher's monograph appeared at the end of a quarter century of declining prices), and j the real interest...

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