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Overview

imperative

Subject: Philosophy

The standard mood of sentences used to issue requests and commands. Questions in the philosophy of language arising from imperatives include estimating whether the need to issue requests ...

imperative

imperative   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
240 words

... ( n. & adj. ) 1. (Designating) a clause type typically used for issuing directives , syntactically characterized by a missing subject—hence imperative clause , e.g. Drop that gun! Imperative is a formal syntactic category , whereas directive is a category of usage. Clauses that are imperative in form can also be used to express a wish ( Enjoy yourself ) or a condition ( Come nearer and I’ll scream ), or to convey an apology ( Forgive me ). These are examples of indirect speech acts . An imperative clause can include do for emphasis (e.g. ...

imperative

imperative   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
131 words

... ( imp ) (Construction, form of verb) whose primary role is in giving orders. E.g. Get out! is an imperative sentence; in Latin, i ‘go!’ is an imperative form of the verb. Sometimes used simply in the sense of ‘order’. E.g. in Latin, a subjunctive such as eat ‘go- subj-3sg ’ could have the function of what is called traditionally a third-person imperative (‘May that person go’). But, like declarative (1) and interrogative , the term is in principle one in syntax and morphology; the semantic role of an order, or an order as one kind of ...

imperative

imperative n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
61 words

... n. in ethics, a rule, principle, or law used to direct or guide one’s actions. Kantian ethics distinguishes between categorical and hypothetical imperatives . Whereas the latter are merely prudent or expedient and will vary with circumstances, the former are binding moral duties and it is rational that they are applicable to all situations and people. See also deontology...

Imperative

Imperative   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Imperative . A term for a type of grammatical mood which is used to express a number of clause functions such as: commands (‘ Go away’), requests (‘Please sit down’), warnings (‘ Look out!’), offers (‘ Have another piece’), and entreaties (‘ Help me’). Clauses with an imperative as their main verb require the person(s) addressed to carry out some action. Hence, the subject of an imperative clause is typically the second-person pronoun you , which is however normally omitted, as in ‘ Go away’, but appears in the emphatic ‘You do as you’re...

imperative

imperative   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
178 words

... The standard mood of sentences used to issue requests and commands. Questions in the philosophy of language arising from imperatives include estimating whether the need to issue requests and commands might be as basic as the need to communicate information (animal signalling systems may often be interpreted either way), and understanding the relationship between commands and other action-guiding uses of language, such as ethical discourse. The ethical theory of prescriptivism in fact equates the two functions. A further question is whether there is...

imperative

imperative   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
20 words

...imperative An order or mandatory instruction; something that cannot be refused or resisted. Thus ( adj ) mandatory, obligatory. Cf facultative ....

Categorical Imperative

Categorical Imperative   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
24 words

...Imperative . In the ethical theory of I. Kant , the absolute moral law, given in reason, and therefore binding upon every rational...

imperative languages

imperative languages   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... languages A class of programming languages. With an imperative language a program explicitly states how the desired result is to be produced but does not explicitly define what properties the result is expected to exhibit—the result is defined only implicitly as whatever is obtained by following the specified procedure ( compare declarative languages ). The procedure for producing the desired result takes the form of a sequence of operations, and thus with imperative languages the notions of flow of control and ordering of statements are inherent....

Categorical imperative

Categorical imperative   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
33 words

...imperative . In Kantian ethics, the universal moral law, by which all rational beings are by duty constrained to act. The term was introduced in the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals ( 1785...

visual imperative

visual imperative   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
43 words

...imperative The notion that the visual dimension of culture is becoming increasingly dominant, and that spectacle and display are dominating cultural forms . See also aestheticization ; image ; ocularcentrism ; pseudo-event ; publicity model ; sensationalism ; spectacularization ; visual consumption ; visual culture ; visualism ; visual turn . ...

technological imperative

technological imperative   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...imperative The view that if we can do something, we should do it, such as generating energy from nuclear power , even if it has many risks and unknowns associated with it. Contrast precautionary principle...

categorical imperative

categorical imperative n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... X and the reason for doing Y is actually contingent on your desire for X . A maxim is a categorical imperative if it takes the form ‘Always do Y ’, where the reason for doing Y is not contingent on any desire in the sense of being your means of obtaining some end that you desire. A categorical imperative is intended not only to be rational, but also to serve as a fundamental principle of morality. Only certain maxims can be categorical imperatives. Kant’s clearest example of one that cannot is: ‘Always borrow money when in need and promise to pay it...

categorical imperative

categorical imperative   Reference library

Roger Crisp

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
165 words

...imperative . The formal moral law in Kantian ethics, based on reason. It is opposed to hypothetical imperatives, which depend upon desires, e.g. ‘Catch the 9.15— if you want to arrive by noon’. In its most famous formulation, it states that the ‘maxim’ implied by a proposed action must be such that one can will that it become a universal law of nature. I consider lying to you so that you will lend me some money, my maxim therefore being ‘Whenever I can gain something from it, I shall lie’. Can I will this to become a universal law of nature? No,...

categorical imperative

categorical imperative   Reference library

Robert Song and Jennifer Riley

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
88 words

...imperative In the moral philosophy of Kant , the supreme principle of morality, unconditionally binding on all rational beings in virtue of their reason. It gives classic expression to ideas of the contrast of morality and prudence, the autonomy of the will, the universalizability of moral norms, and the treatment of persons as ends and not as means only. Robert Song and Jennifer Riley H. E. Allison , Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of morals: A Commentary (Oxford, 2011). See also works cited s.v. Kant, Immanuel...

third-person imperative

third-person imperative   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
39 words

...imperative Construction, inflection, etc. used in giving orders or instructions but with the verb in the third person or with a subject traditionally called third person: e.g. the construction, now marginal in English, of Let no one move...

categorical/hypothetical imperative

categorical/hypothetical imperative   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
405 words

...imperative A pair contrasted in Kantian ethics . A hypothetical imperative embeds a command which is in place only given some antecedent desire or project: ‘If you want to look wise, stay quiet.’ The injunction to stay quiet only applies to those with the antecedent desire or inclination; if one has no desire to look wise the injunction or advice lapses. A categorical imperative cannot be so avoided: it is a requirement that binds anybody, regardless of their inclinations. It could be represented as, for example: ‘Tell the truth!...

Tikkun Olam – A Jewish Imperative

Tikkun Olam – A Jewish Imperative   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
673 words

...Olam – A Jewish Imperative At a time when there are almost daily reports about disturbing developments – global climate change; the destruction of tropical rainforests, coral reefs, and other habitats; soil erosion and depletion; air, water, and land pollution; desertification; droughts, severe storms; widening water shortages; and other threats – it is essential that Jews engage in tikkun olam , the mandate to repair, heal, and transform the world. One of the main reasons that the world faces so many critical problems is that there are sharp deviations...

imperative

imperative   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
23 words

... (gram.) expressing command; commanding, peremptory XVI; urgent XIX. — late L. imperātīvus , f. imperāt- , pp. stem of imperāre command ( cf. EMPEROR ); see -IVE...

imperative

imperative 2 n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
imperative

imperative   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
10 words

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