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impact of hegel

Subject: Philosophy

The philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel had a major impact on British philosophy shortly following Hegel's death in 1831. This impact is still felt today. James Hutchison Stirling probably ... ...

hegel, impact of

hegel, impact of   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,075 words

..., impact of The philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel had a major impact on British philosophy shortly following Hegel's death in 1831 . This impact is still felt today. James Hutchison Stirling probably deserves credit for publishing the first major work on Hegel's philosophy, entitled The Secret of Hegel ( 1865 ). Though this book lacked scholarly precision, it made philosophers pause to consider the work of Hegel, on which virtually no one in Britain was writing. Stirling also deserves credit for first introducing English-speaking philosophers to Fichte and...

impact of hegel

impact of hegel  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel had a major impact on British philosophy shortly following Hegel's death in 1831. This impact is still felt today. James Hutchison Stirling probably ...
continental philosophy

continental philosophy  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
Inaccurate term used, often polemically, to refer to the writings of philosophers influenced by European political philosophers such as Hegel, Marx, or Heidegger, by phenomenology and existentialist ...
Jacques Derrida

Jacques Derrida  

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Literature
(1930–2004)French philosopher of poststructuralism, who introduced the philosophical and literary method known as deconstruction.Like his contemporary Althusser, Derrida was a native of Algiers who ...
Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1724–1804).German philosopher. His Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764) and Critique of Judgement (1790) laid the foundations of much aesthetic theory, especially in ...
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770–1831)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
279 words

...authoritarian political philosophies, from Fascism to Communism. It is also the mainspring of idealist philosophies such as Bradley 's, which were finally abandoned with the impact of pragmatism and logical positivism , and the linguistic analysis and emphasis on ‘atomic statements’ of G. E. Moore , Bertrand Russell , and Ludwig Wittgenstein . Hegel's main philosophical work is Phänomenologie des Geistes ( 1807 ; English trans. The Phenomenology of the Mind , 1844 ). (Published 1987) Richard L....

Harris, William Torrey

Harris, William Torrey (1835–1909)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,986 words

...right-wing Hegelians claimed that Hegel preserved and upheld the entire gospel story, Harris was concerned only to preserve the doctrine of the trinity. Whereas left-wing Hegelians read Hegel as a pantheist or as reducing God to the human race in its historical development, Harris sought to preserve the notion of a transcendent God that manifests himself in the world. Harris’s impact on American thought and culture was immense. In addition to his leadership in public education, as a driving force behind The Journal of Speculative Philosophy and the “Concord...

Meaning

Meaning   Reference library

Georg W. Bertram

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,319 words

...conceptual practices. According to Hegel, what works of art thematize can be thematized differently by means of concepts. But something also gets lost when it is conceptually thematized: namely, the mode of presentation that is distinctive of art. Works of art present meaning by way of realizing it in and through a sensuous-material mode of presentation. Hegel’s claim that the ideal of beauty is the “pure appearance of the Idea to sense” ( Hegel, 1975 , p. 111) clearly captures this distinctive character of art. Works of art are indeterminate by being overly...

German Influences

German Influences   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
684 words

...enemy after the Restoration , Hegel is enthusiastically embraced by Risorgimento thinkers and activists, especially in Naples . Imprisoned for political reasons, De Sanctis and Silvio Spaventa translate Hegel's Logic and his Phenomenology of the Spirit respectively [ see Idealism ]. After them Croce rethinks Hegel in depth. Even Marx tends to be read in an idealist vein up to and including Gramsci . On the other hand, Italian literary scholarship draws deeply on the rigorous textual methodology of Lachmann [ see also Textual Criticism...

Ideas, Aesthetic

Ideas, Aesthetic   Reference library

Paul Guyer

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,487 words

...impact of Vischer’s work, however. For Vischer also characterized the side of beauty constituted by the image rather than by the idea as “ pure essence of form ” ( reines Formwesen ) (§55), and this can be seen as having led to the emphasis on formalist conceptions of beauty by many aestheticians, critics, and art historians of the later nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In fact, what seems to have happened is that the synthesis of form and content represented by Kant’s conception of aesthetic ideas, essentially sundered by Hegel’s theory of the...

Dupré, Louis Karel

Dupré, Louis Karel (1925–)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
957 words

...of cultural processes. Early and late, Dupré’s method shows the strong impact of Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology undergone during his philosophical formation. Increasingly his cultural analysis has moved in an ontological direction. The crucial transition for him is that from Immanuel Kant to the great German idealists Johann Fichte, Friedrich Schelling, and Hegel. Dupré has also written a number of shorter works on spiritual life and mysticism, analyzing the modern problematic of regaining a sense of transcendence in a secularized world. He argues...

German philosophy

German philosophy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,699 words

...anticipate Leibniz and Hegel. (Hegel, however, nowhere mentions Nicholas.) Among later mystics, the shoemaker Jakob Böhme ( 1575–1624 ) had a large impact on later philosophers, including Hegel and Schelling (who called him a ‘miraculous phenomenon in the history of humanity’). Böhme was persecuted by the Protestant orthodoxy established by Martin Luther ( 1483–1546 ), who rejected the metaphysical element in German philosophy, attacked Aristotelianism and Thomism, and advocated conceptual and verbal clarity. Philip Melanchthon ( 1497–1560 ), who was...

MacKintosh, Robert

MacKintosh, Robert (1858–1933)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,882 words

...postulates, is the valid world of orderly thinking. The great critic of scepticism has diverged from idealism again, or has given his idealism a sceptical colour, mitigated – but only mitigated – by faith in the moral consciousness . (‘Theism’, p. 749) There is no such wavering in Hegel 's bold philosophy. The universe is rational; there is no dualism of fact and principles; and things are as they must be. Mackintosh is critical of the details of Hegel's dialectical method, and his overall judgement is that Hegel fails to maintain the distinction...

Marxism

Marxism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
362 words

...of Marx was unusual in being shaped by idealist theories of the state. The first Italian Marxist of stature, Antonio Labriola , like many of his successors, combined Marxist political economy and sociology with the ideas of the Neapolitan Hegelians (such as Silvio and Bertrando Spaventa ). He attempted to transform Hegel's idealist dialectic into a material force and at the same time to rescue Marx from positivist interpretations of his thought. Drawing also on Vico 's ideas of ‘corsi’ and ‘ricorsi’ in history, he developed a version of...

Bax, Ernest Belfort

Bax, Ernest Belfort (1854–1926)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,894 words

...control of the League, so Bax, who did not oppose Parliamentary action as such, resigned from it and rejoined the SDF. Although Bax played an active part in the early socialist movement, he was not good at public speaking or agitation, and his philosophy typically remained too abstract and difficult to have much impact on the movement. According to Bax , Kant 's metaphysics contained two possible paths of development. The later history of German idealism consisted of the working out of these two paths. On the one hand, Hegel stressed the ‘think’ of Kant's...

Hacks, Peter

Hacks, Peter (1928–2003)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
681 words

... ( 1957 and 1963 ) into an anti-Aristotelian play. After this type of didactic theatre Hacks developed his own theories that proceeded from the evolutionary dialectics of Hegel and perceived socialism as the synthesis of the conflicting notions of revolution and stability. This view of dramatic art, perceived as the socialist classicism of the future (‘sozialistische Klassik’, in Versuch über das Theaterstück von morgen , 1960 ), was, because of its rejection of plays dealing with contemporary problems (Gegenwartsdrama), not easily reconcilable with...

Vischer, Friedrich Theodor

Vischer, Friedrich Theodor (1807–87)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
326 words

...1830 , he taught at Maulbronn ( 1831 ) before moving to Tübingen. In 1837 he was appointed a supernumerary professor at Tübingen University and in 1844 was elected to an established chair; but the Liberal tone of his inaugural lecture resulted in his suspension for two years. Vischer's first writings of note were aesthetic treatises based on Hegel's philosophy: Über das Erhabene und Komische ( 1837 ), Kritische Gänge (2 vols., 1844 , in 6 vols., 1860–73 ), and Ästhetik oder Wissenschaft des Schönen (3 vols., 1846–57 ). Vischer was a moderate...

philosophy, literary genres of

philosophy, literary genres of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
314 words

...later Latin medieval philosophy. But the commentary did not lose its importance with the waning of scholasticism. Even in modern times commentaries on Kant ( Cohen , Cassirer , Bennett ), on Hegel ( McTaggart , Kojève , Hippolyte ) or on Marx ( Lukács , Althusser ) have had an important impact. Philosophy feeds on philosophy. New interpretations of major thinkers open up new vistas. The intellectual autobiography is useful for showing why a certain line of argument has seemed plausible or even necessary to the author and for bringing out the interplay...

Marx, Karl

Marx, Karl (1818–83)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...He also rejected Hegel’s use of the term ‘spirit’ as a way of narrating human history as the evolution of consciousness because it obscures actual human agency. As Marx would later insist, humans make history, but not in conditions of their own choosing. For Hegel’s evolution of consciousness Marx substituted the real historical processes of economic production, exploited labour, ruling classes, and class struggle. In contrast to idealist philosophers like Hegel, Marx’s work responded to the transformations of society then being brought about by the growing...

translations

translations   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,108 words

...of British Idealism was William Wallace , successor to T. H. Green as Whyte Professor of Moral Philosophy at Oxford ( see Hegel, Impact of ). In 1873 Wallace published The Logic of Hegel , originally the first part of the Enzyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundisse ( Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences ). The accompanying Prolegomena , which appeared in a two-volume reissue of the Logic by Oxford ( 1892 and 1894 ), was followed by Wallace 's translation of the third part of the Encyclopedia published as Hegel's...

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