Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

View:

Overview

immigrant

A person who migrates to and settles in a country other than that of birthplace and upbringing. Immigrants often differ culturally and sometimes in health-related behavior from persons ...

immigrant

immigrant   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...immigrant A person who migrates to and settles in a country other than that of birthplace and upbringing. Immigrants often differ culturally and sometimes in health-related behavior from persons born and raised in the country. Categories include legal immigrants, who may acquire citizenship rights (including access to health care, education for their children, and other social benefits); illegal immigrants , who do not have citizenship rights and often work in sweatshops or similar unjust and unhealthy conditions; and migratory, itinerant, and guest...

immigrant

immigrant   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
55 words

...immigrant A person who enters a country other than his or her country of nationality and seeks permanent residence there. The Migration Act 1958 (Cth) defines a person who is not an Australian citizen as a ‘non-citizen’ (s 5) and regulates all non-citizens’ coming into and continuing presence in Australia. See also migrant ; asylum-seeker ; visa ....

immigrant remittances

immigrant remittances   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
34 words

... remittances Money sent by immigrants from the country in which they work to their families in their native countries. These sums can be a valuable source of foreign exchange for the native...

immigrant remittances

immigrant remittances   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... remittances Money sent by immigrants from the country in which they work to their families in their native countries. These sums can be a valuable source of foreign exchange for the native...

Immigrant Labor.

Immigrant Labor.   Reference library

Donna R. Gabaccia

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
654 words

...(and dominated) by immigrant men. Immigrants were even more visible as radical activists. Germans dominated the Socialist Labor party and remained prominent in the multiethnic Socialist Party of America. The Industrial Workers of the World , with its ideology of revolutionary syndicalism and “one big union,” particularly attracted unskilled immigrant workers, many of them women, as it led huge strikes in the textile and mining industries just prior to World War I . Into the 1930s, Finnish, Slavic, and eastern European Jewish immigrants figured...

Immigrant Writing

Immigrant Writing   Reference library

Cathy N. Davidson

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
163 words

... Writing . With the exception of the diverse indigenous peoples who have inhabited this land for eons, people living in the United States are all immigrants or descendants of immigrants who came, or were forcibly brought, from somewhere else. While many women have written as “immigrants” defined by a specific ethnic identity, the term is confusing and inexact because it has been applied differently and even pejoratively in various historical eras. English writers, for example, have rarely been called “immigrants.” The term needs to be used circumspectly,...

Immigrant Communities

Immigrant Communities   Reference library

Danielle Battisti

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,626 words

... Communities . The term “immigrant community” refers to the residential or social clustering of an ethnic group, often comprised of recent immigrants and their children. These communities create and provide social, financial, and psychological support networks for immigrants; they also function to preserve and reinvent ethnic cultural expressions. Formation of immigrant communities is a standard feature of large waves of migration in modern world history. Vietnamese or North African enclaves in Paris and Caribbean or South African sections in London,...

Immigrant Mobilizations

Immigrant Mobilizations   Reference library

Ronald L. Mize

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
2,220 words

... Mobilizations . Since 2006 , Latino immigrants have participated in the largest protest movement since the Vietnam War era. Immigrant mobilizations span from the massive immigrant rights marches of 2006 to more recent ( 2010 ) targeted protests against anti-immigration legislation in Arizona and in support of the federal Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act (DREAM Act). The amnesty movement provides the background for the mobilizations that hit the national stage beginning on 25 March 2006 , to oppose the position that immigrants...

Immigrant Literature

Immigrant Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
241 words

... Literature , that is, writing by immigrants, is a recent, inchoate phenomenon in Italy. The 1980s and early 1990s witnessed an unprecedented influx of predominantly North and West Africans into Italy, followed by East Europeans. So far, it is the former who have narrated their experiences, though their works are few in number and distributed by marginal publishers. Almost without exception, the texts are collaborations between an immigrant and a native Italian speaker, who translates, transcribes, or edits the original stories. Interventions of this...

Immigrant Nationalisms

Immigrant Nationalisms   Reference library

Danielle Battisti

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,145 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Nationalisms . “Immigrant nationalism” is a term used to describe the continued affinity that an individual immigrant or group of immigrants may feel toward their homeland nation. It connotes a continued involvement in that homeland's politics even after resettlement in the new country. It may contribute to the maintenance or persistence of ethnic communities as an economic, social, and political unit. Immigrant nationalism is often connected to the social, economic, and political trends of both the homeland nation and the resettlement nation. The term...

Immigrant Labor

Immigrant Labor   Reference library

Caryn E. Neumann

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
1,631 words
Illustration(s):
1

...means of child care. Immigrant women have less mobility than men and less opportunity to better their lives. Migration History. Despite gender differences, immigrant women cannot be studied apart from immigrant men. As culturally distinctive outsiders, foreign-born men and women shared key experiences. Often they were not wholeheartedly welcomed by their adopted countries. “Welfare cheats” and “brood mares” are among the names that have been attached to immigrant women workers in the United States, which has accepted more immigrants than any other country. A...

illegal immigrant

illegal immigrant   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...illegal immigrant ( undocumented alien ) A person residing and often working in a country without official permission. Economic imperatives, political persecution, wars, evasion of law enforcement agencies, and other factors impel an estimated several million in the United States and comparable numbers in the European Union and other rich countries to cross international borders from their homelands to seek work, usually in the underground economy. There is also illegal immigration into low-income countries. In all countries, illegal immigrants include...

Immigrant Children

Immigrant Children   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,938 words

... Children . The various Latino national-origin groups in the United States account for about 12.5 percent of the total U.S. population. Mexico has consistently sent the largest number of immigrants to the United States since 1965 , and Mexicans account for almost 67 percent of the U.S. Hispanic population. Roughly one out of every three immigrant children has at least one Mexican-born parent. Puerto Ricans, with 8.6 percent of the U.S. Latino and Latina population, represent the second largest group of Latinos and Latinas. Cubans, who came to the United...

Immigrant Labor

Immigrant Labor   Reference library

Carol G. Durst-Wertheim

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Labor Immigrants, from all nations and ethnicities, have entered our workforce through the food industry. Whether legally in this country or not, many immigrants continue to work in our food industry, primarily in farming, in food processing factories, and in slaughterhouses, and many have hidden, undercounted and often undocumented, in commercial kitchens and specialty food businesses. The difficulties of their situations, the hardships of their lives, and the resistance against legalizing the work of immigrants in this nation are important issues in...

illegal immigrant

illegal immigrant   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
516 words

...immigrant ; illegal alien ; undocumented immigrant ; undocumented alien . The terminology relating to those who come to live in another country without official permission is highly charged—increasingly so since about 1980 . From 1930 on, illegal immigrant has been the usual phrase in BrE, but only from about 1945 to 1970 was it the predominant term in AmE. About 1970 , illegal alien surged into common use in AmE, and it remains predominant today. But some think it doubly tendentious: coupling the dysphemistic alien with the negatively...

European Immigrant Writing

European Immigrant Writing   Reference library

Samira Kawash

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,210 words

...Immigrant Writing . It is only in the last decade that critics have begun to focus their attention on writing by European immigrants, and European ethnics in general, as literary and cultural texts, rather than as sociological or historical data. Nevertheless, interest in immigrant women's writing has generally been subordinated to interest in writing about immigrant women. The most comprehensive and extensive study to date, Maxine Seller's Immigrant Women ( 1981 ), collects both first- and third-person accounts of various aspects of immigrant women's...

Anti-Immigrant Operations

Anti-Immigrant Operations   Reference library

Ediberto Román

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
863 words

...Immigrant Operations . “Anti-immigrant operations” refers to the US government’s effort to curtail the influx of immigrants from the US-Mexico border under a “prevention through deterrence” policy. This effort includes the passage of various pieces of legislation and a number of strategies employed by the US Border Patrol—the federal law enforcement agency empowered with the responsibility to “detect and prevent the entry of terrorists, weapons of mass destruction, and illegal aliens into the country, and to interdict drug smugglers and other criminals along...

Immigrant Detention and Incarceration

Immigrant Detention and Incarceration   Reference library

Martha D. Escobar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
2,571 words

...processing centers. Whereas immigrants on Ellis Island spent a few hours or days waiting to be processed, many immigrants attempting to enter the United States spent anywhere from days, months, or even years detained on Angel Island, waiting to have their cases resolved. In the histories of these immigrant stations we witness the crystallization of the relationship between race and US immigration policies; whereas immigrants at Ellis Island, mostly European, were overwhelmingly admitted, immigrants at Angel Island, mostly Asian, were often detained and...

Xenophobia and Anti-Immigrant Politics

Xenophobia and Anti-Immigrant Politics   Reference library

Lars Rensmann and Jennifer Miller

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
14,053 words
Illustration(s):
1

...defined when attempting to explain anti-immigrant affect. However, various relevant studies that provide important explanatory models to understand the relevance of anti-immigrant politics will employ different terminologies and definitions. Consequently, this entry reviews theories that offer constructs beyond xenophobia and anti-immigrant attitudes to explain why a society is more receptive to anti-immigrant politics and appeals. Even more so, this applies to supply-side concepts, that is, anti-immigrant political actors and parties (in different...

Immigrant Incorporation into U.S. Society

Immigrant Incorporation into U.S. Society   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,981 words

...to immigrants whose occupations were in a “relative shortage” in the United States) and family reunification (giving preference to immigrants whose immediate family had been divided by the migration). The vast majority of the new immigrants came from Latin America and Asia, still the trend at the turn of this century. In recent decades, occupational preference has been given both to very poor immigrants, such as Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, and Jamaicans, who for the most part were contracted to work in the fields, and to very skilled immigrants, such...

View: