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illustration

Although any text bearing drawings or designs of any kind may generally be described as illustrated, an illustrated manuscript is properly one that is embellished with pictures or ...

illustration

illustration   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
100 words

... Although any text bearing drawings or designs of any kind may generally be described as illustrated, an illustrated manuscript is properly one that is embellished with pictures or illustrations, whether pencil, pen and ink or coloured, that are contained within frames or borders. An illustration may thus be distinguished from a vignette. Since an illustration is a self-contained depiction of a scene, figures, etc., rather than an abstract design or accretion on some other feature, it is also to be distinguished from decoration. If it is heightened...

illustration

illustration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
42 words

... Any visual or graphic artwork used in an advert or marketing publication to enhance or to explain a concept. In writing, it is the use of a case study or example to make clear an idea or a...

Illustration

Illustration   Reference library

Kelly Enright

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...image of Uncle Sam. Museums did not collect illustration and people generally threw out magazines and posters, considering them disposable. In 1932 , the Library of Congress began collecting illustration, but stopped after nine years. Rockwell, perhaps the most famous twentieth-century illustrator, constantly tried to place illustration within artistic traditions. He explained that the difference between artist and illustrator is that “the illustrator must compress a great deal into his picture … And the illustration must convey its own story quickly and...

Illustration

Illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
1,431 words
Illustration(s):
1

...general-interest magazines, and so on. The illustrations of the less-expensive publications tended to emphasize, more than did the illustrations aimed at the upper classes, the lurid and action-packed qualities of maritime subjects. Compare, for example, the illustrations by such artists as H. C. Murphy appearing in Sea Stories pulp magazine in the 1920s and 1930s with those of the same period in the Saturday Evening Post and ultimately in such publications as Yachting Magazine . The best illustrations are based not on a retelling of the narrative...

illustration

illustration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Publishing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
105 words

...illustration Images or graphics that accompany text. The images may be used as a decorative element in book design or may be an interpretation in visual form of the text on the page. An illustrator is a specialist artist who will be commissioned to produce images for the pages of a book or to make a contribution to the graphic design of the book cover . Illustrators may be freelance or work within the art department of a publishing company. Illustrators are often credited alongside the author of a book; this is particularly true in children’s publishing . ...

Illustration

Illustration   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
66,597 words
Illustration(s):
33

...virtually none has survived. In the only peaceful reign, that of Karim Khan Zand at Shiraz ( r. 1750–79 ), manuscript illustration was neglected in favor of varnished paintings on papier-mâché ( see Lacquer ) and large oil paintings ( see Oil painting ; for illustration see Ghaffari ). The leading painter, Muhammad Sadiq, produced a few separate miniature paintings, but no book illustrations by him are known. The art of book illustration revived during the reign of the Qajar monarch Fath ῾Ali Shah ( r. 1797–1834 ). Perhaps the finest manuscript of the...

book illustration

book illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
37 words

...illustration An Egyptian tradition. In Greek, illustrated papyri are mostly scientific ( see Dioscorides ) or mathematical. There are rare illustrated fragments of Homer and drama. Illustration became relatively common in the late Roman codex; see Varro...

extra-illustration

extra-illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
57 words

...illustration A popular practice of the 18 th and 19 th centuries, extra-illustration , or *grangerization , is the addition of material to a book by someone other than the *publisher . Insertions, often culled from other books, might include portraits, prints, letters, or ephemera ( see 14 ). An extra-illustrated book may be modest or lavish. Jill E....

Illustration, L'

Illustration, L'   Reference library

Robin Lenman

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
91 words

..., L' , French illustrated weekly, launched in 1843 . On 1 July 1848 it published wood engravings of barricades in the rue Saint‐Maur‐Popincourt in Paris before and after the previous week's fighting, based on daguerreotypes specially made by a photographer called Thibault. Autochrome‐based coloured pictures were appearing by 1910 . On 21 May 1938 L'Illustration published a cover‐story on Leni Riefenstahl 's film Olympia , with photographs by Riefenstahl. The paper became France Illustration in 1945 and continued until 1955 . RL Robin...

book illustration

book illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
665 words

...The first printer to use woodcuts as illustrations was Albrecht Pfister of Bamberg , who introduced hand-coloured woodcut illustrations in 1460 . Ten years later the Augsburg printer Erhard Ratdolt began to use woodcuts to replicate the elaborate borders of illuminated manuscripts on the first page of his books, and so became the inventor of the title page. By the end of the fifteenth century woodcut illustration was established as an important adjunct of printing throughout Europe. In Germany woodcut illustrations became a prominent feature of works...

Bible illustration

Bible illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
668 words

...and illustrations to the Books of Kings; the 6th-century Vienna Genesis (Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbib., Cod. theol. Gr. 31) and Cotton Genesis (London, BL, Cotton MS Otho B. VI) which contained a fuller series of pictures than any subsequent Genesis illustrations; and the Ashburnham Pentateuch (early 7th century; Paris, Bib. Nat., MS nouv. acq. lat. 2334). Octateuchs with illustrations based on early Christian models appeared in 11th- to 13th-century Byzantium (Mt. Athos, Vatopedhi monastery, Cod. 602). Complete bibles with illustrations, principally...

medical illustration

medical illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
429 words

...the person who commissioned the MS. A startling contrast is provided by the illustrations accompanying the surgical writings of the English author John *Arderne . These were clearly designed by the author and closely related to the text. Despite the difficulty involved in reproducing an elaborate programme of over 250 illustrations, most of the surviving MSS show that their copyists made considerable efforts to preserve the series intact. The largest number of medical illustrations were produced in the 14th and 15th centuries, and many designs were carried...

Anatomical illustration

Anatomical illustration   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
504 words

...deriving from illustrations to Loves of the Gods by Perino del Vaga ( 1501–47 ). A. von Bartsch : Le Peintre-graveur (1803–21) L. Choulant : Geschichte und Bibliographie der anatomischen Abbildung … (Leipzig, 1852/ R 1945), trans. and ed. by M. Frank as History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration in its Relation to Anatomic Science and the Graphic Arts (Chicago, 1920/ R New York, 1962) R. Herrlinger : Geschichte der medizinischen Abbildung , i (Munich, 1967), trans. by G. Fulton-Smith as History of Medical Illustration from Antiquity...

Book illustration

Book illustration   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,796 words

...and contained the first illustrations made from life, ushering in a new role for print in scientific endeavour by virtue of its exact repeatability (see Ivins). In 1486 Erhard Reuwich illustrated and printed Bernhard von Breydenbach's Peregrinatio in terram sanctam in Mainz, and this was the first travel book with purpose-made illustrations. The well-known distaste of the humanists for illustration was not an austere rejection of luxury or decoration, but a preference for words over pictures, a rejection of the role of illustration in instructing the...

woodcut illustration

woodcut illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
710 words

...illustrations that were engraved by reproductive wood engraving firms, the largest of which were the *Dalziel s and Swain. This lasted only until the advent of process engraving ( see photomechanical printing ), before the end of the century. Taken up by a new cohort of artists ( *Ardizzone , *Bawden , *Gibbings , *Gill , *Raverat , *Ravilious ) in the 20 th century, woodcut and (especially) wood-engraved illustration became important features in the books of *private presses and *fine printing more generally. Colour in woodcut illustration ...

Illustration, Bible

Illustration, Bible   Reference library

David M. Gunn

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
13,835 words

...each with an opening illustration. Apart from Revelation, there are only seven illustrations in the New Testament: one each for the Evangelists and in the epistles two of Paul and one of Peter. The 1534 illustrations soon found a home in other Bibles, in some cases by copying, in others by use of the same blocks that were sold and used in two Bohemian Bibles published in 1549 and 1557 . The Sixteenth Century: Bible Print Series in the Netherlands. The sixteenth century saw the rapid expansion of another mode of Bible illustration, namely the production...

Book Illustration

Book Illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,522 words
Illustration(s):
3

...tableaux customarily staged the illustrations of the books they adapted; and the paper toy theaters based on those productions provided the stage and actors for children to recreate the dramas. Thus, images interacted with texts throughout the century to produce a multifaceted conversation between visual and verbal mediums. “Job Rebuked by His Friends” Watercolor by William Blake from the illustrations of The Book of Job ; the engravings were published in 1825 The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York/Art Resource, Ny Illustration from Pickwick Papers “The...

botanical illustration

botanical illustration   Reference library

Maggie Campbell-Culver

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...illustration . The drawing and painting of plants so they may be accurately identified demands a rigorous academic approach combined with great artistic talent. Their accurate representation began as a necessity for teaching the identification of plants. Some of the earliest images appear on Minoan wall paintings and frescoes of c .1750–1500 bc where both the madonna lily ( Lilium candidum ) and saffron crocus ( Crocus sativus ) are clearly identifiable. One hundred years later, on the Egyptian tomb of Tuthmosis III at the Temple of Karnak, a group of...

Hagiographical Illustration

Hagiographical Illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,423 words

...Illustration . The primary focus of Byz. hagiographical (see Hagiography ) illustration was portraiture: the particular deeds of individual saints played a comparatively minor role in all but the very earliest period. The first works of this genre are scenes relating to the death of certain martyrs , located at their martyrion . Though for most of these monuments only written descriptions survive (see Asterios of Amaseia on paintings at the martyrion of Euphemia of Chalcedon ) , it is clear that the scenes of martyrdom were often expanded...

Old Testament Illustration

Old Testament Illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
820 words

...Testament Illustration . Study of the Byz. contribution to Old Testament illustration raises both practical and theoretical problems. The material is widely dispersed and still only partially known; despite the existence of photographic collections a significant part remains relatively inaccessible. This situation makes it difficult to gain a thorough knowledge of even the surviving material. In addition, what has been published has sometimes been selected on the basis of theories that have influenced the choice of illustrations, as well as interpretations...

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