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iconography

Subject: Religion

Branch of knowledge dealing with representations of people or objects in art and design, hence the symbolism in a design. Christian iconography, for example, is immense and complex, and ...

iconography

iconography   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
14 words

... Branch of knowledge dealing with representations of people/objects, hence symbolism in a...

iconography

iconography ([De])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
17 words

... [De] A system of illustrations, usually of a symbolic and metaphorical nature, concerning a particular...

iconography

iconography   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
171 words

...of the two. The term ‘iconography’ can also be applied to collections (or the classification) of portraits. Van Dyck , for example, made a series of etchings of famous contemporaries entitled Iconography , and the detailed catalogues of the National Portrait Gallery in London have a section called ‘iconography’ in the entry for each sitter, in which other portraits of the person represented are listed and discussed. Thus it is possible to speak of ‘the iconography of Shakespeare’ or ‘the iconography of Queen...

Iconography

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
62 words

...Iconography Islamic forms of iconography include calligraphy, geometry, arabesques, domes, minarets, arches, and mihrabs. They serve as visual manifestations of the universal spirit of the Muslim community. Calligraphy originated with copying of the Quran and has become the highest art form in the Islamic world. Quranic verses, geometric patterns, and arabesques are typically used in decorative arts. See also Calligraphy and...

iconography

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
96 words

... A term used in art history , referring to the study of the subject-matter rather than the form of a work of art. Although it can be used in connection with any period of art, iconography is most usually discussed in the context of medieval and particularly Renaissance studies. The term can also be applied to a collection of portraits, for example Van Dyck 's great series of portrait etchings of his contemporaries entitled Iconography . As a development of this theme, it can also describe the body of portrait images of a particular...

iconography

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
119 words

... The aspect of art history dealing with the identification, description, classification, and interpretation of the subject matter of the figurative arts. In his book Studies in Iconology ( 1939 ) Erwin Panofsky proposed that the term ‘iconology’ should be used to distinguish a broader approach towards subject matter in which the scholar attempts to understand the total meaning of the work of art in its historical context. However, in practice an exact distinction between the two words is rarely made, and ‘iconography’ is the much more commonly...

iconography

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A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ‘A set of symbols in which people believe, encompassing elements of national feeling, from the state flag to the culture transmitted through the state’s schools’ (P. Taylor 1993 ). O’Sullivan (2001), TIBG 29, 3 illustrates the Christian symbolism expressed in late medieval European urban forms. See also Leib et al. (2000) GeoJournal 52 . Ponder on this: ‘if Geography is prose, maps are iconography’ (Lennart Meri 2013...

iconography

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
114 words

... 1. A familiar stock of images or motifs associated with a particular visual or audiovisual genre , as in films or videogames . Iconography is primarily but not necessarily visual. In the case of film it includes: décor, costume, and objects , certain ‘typecast’ performers (especially film stars, some of whom may have become ‘ icons ’), familiar patterns of dialogue, characteristic music and sounds , and appropriate physical topography. 2. In art history, the study of the subject , content , themes , imagery , symbols , and/or meaning...

iconography

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A Dictionary of Film Studies (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
409 words

...codes, myth , and symbol allies iconography with semiotics and structuralism . Notwithstanding ongoing debates as to whether the term covers all elements of visual style in cinema (such as lighting , camera movement , editing , mise-en-scene , etc.) or only visual imagery, iconography remains a key concept for film theory and analysis. See also film style ; stereotype . Further Reading: Aaron, Michele Death and the Moving Image: Ideology, Iconography and I (2014). Grant, Barry Keith Film Genre: From Iconography to Ideology (2007). Sitney, P....

iconography

iconography   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
168 words

... , iconology The original meaning of iconography was a collection of portraits, as in the series of etchings by van Dyck of his contemporaries in the early 17th century. It came to mean the identification of symbolic figures or saints—a woman with an anchor was Hope, a man with an X-shaped cross was S. Andrew . This study, greatly developed in the 19th century, has led to the elucidation of many works of Christian art, such as the sculptural programmes of the Gothic cathedrals. The word Iconologia first occurs as the title of Ripa 's book ( 1593...

iconography

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...the previous era. Identifying these images and their specific, coded meanings, enables these works to be read. The practice of iconography was popularized by Dan Brown ’s bestselling novel The Da Vinci Code ( 2003 ) in which a historian deciphers the meaning of several different artworks in order to solve a mystery. Further Reading: R. van Straten , tr. P. de Man An Introduction to Iconography ...

iconography

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
156 words

..., photographs , and architectural drawings. In geography, iconography is most strongly associated with cultural geography and the interpretation of images relating to landscapes and maps . Its application has demonstrated that the meanings of landscape change over time and vary between different groups, and how landscapes are shaped by but also shape human activity and identity. See also Cosgrove, Denis ; Iconography of Landscape...

iconography

iconography   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
56 words

... Study and interpretation of themes and symbols in the figurative arts. In the 18th century the term referred to the classification of ancient monuments by motifs and subjects, but by the 19th it was more specifically concerned with symbolism in Christian art. Modern iconographers also study secular art and that of religions other than...

iconography

iconography   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
875 words

... (Greek eikōn: image; graphia: writing) . The term initially referred to a discipline auxiliary to archaeology, which identified, among other things, portraits on antique coins. From the 19th century onwards, however, the meaning of iconography was extended to cover the entire descriptive and classificatory investigation of subject matter in the arts. Since all art bears a theme or a motif, iconography is potentially applicable to works from any given period, and thus forms one of the most fundamental branches of research in the history of art. A...

Iconography

Iconography   Reference library

Anthony Cutler

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
244 words

... , the demonstrative subject matter of Byz. works of Art , imbued above all with Christianity and the cult of the Emperor . While history painting, portraits , and Personifications were inherited from antiquity and remained abiding subjects, in other areas of content marked changes are discernible. As early Christian concern with Typology declined, Old Testament subjects tended to disappear save where themes such as the Ark of the Covenant were newly interpreted. By the 6th C. a broad range of motifs from the New Testament and Apocrypha was in...

iconography

iconography   Reference library

Ann Buckley

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
576 words

...iconography . Music iconography is concerned with the visual representation of musical topics. The primary materials studied include portraits of performers and composers, illustrations of instruments and occasions of music-making, and the use of musical imagery for purposes of metaphorical or allegorical allusion. Iconography is thus an important resource for the study of music and the visual arts, including questions of patronage, reception history, social and intellectual history, philosophy, and aesthetics, as well as more strictly technical matters such...

Iconography

Iconography   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
640 words

... (Gk., eikon , ‘image’, + graphe , ‘writing’). The study of the representation of otherwise unseen realities through coded means: such realities may include anything from God or gods to ideas; and the means may include statues, pictures, buildings, charms, or indeed anything which can hold the ‘charge’ of such representation. Since religions have differing attitudes to the representation of the holy or the divine, each religion has a different iconographical style and content. See further ART . Judaism Jewish iconography is dominated by the...

Iconography

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,130 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . A discussion of the iconography of Islamic art must begin by defining the essential components or elements of this art and their application. Next, it is important to address the question of whether traditional iconography has changed in the modern Islamic world, or remained the same since the late seventh century (with the building of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem in 691 ). This will entail an investigation of both traditional Islamic iconography and its modern manifestations, dividing the art of each period into two main categories: surface...

Iconography

Iconography   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
210 words

... . Directly or indirectly, all sorts of literary works can be connected with iconographic invention. Dante 's Inferno was plundered by late medieval artists for details of Hell, while Petrarch 's Trionfi was not only extensively illustrated, but also encouraged the fabrication of allegorical imagery. However, the iconographic handbook, a text intended as a guide to the proper depiction of themes and figures, was essentially a Renaissance creation, connected to the revival of classical antiquity. Vincenzo Cartari 's Imagini de i dei degli...

Iconography

Iconography   Reference library

Howard Mayer Brown

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
3,893 words

... J. Lascelle : Musical Iconography: a Manual for Cataloguing Musical Subjects in Western Art before 1800 (Cambridge, MA, 1971) F. Crane : Bibliography of the Iconography of Music (Iowa City, IA, 1971) E. Winternitz : ‘The Iconology of Music: Potentials and Pitfalls’, Perspectives in Musicology , ed. B.S. Brook , E.O.D. Downes, and S. van Solkema (New York, 1972) Music in Art. International Journal for Music Iconography (1998–), continuation of the RIdIM/RCMI Newsletter , vols.1–22 (1975–97) E.A. Bowles : ‘Iconography as a Tool for Examining...

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