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Overview

hybrid

The offspring of a mating in which the parents differ in at least one characteristic. The term is usually used of offspring of widely different parents, e.g. different varieties or ...

hybridity

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
115 words

... A condition arising from the mixing and transcendence of binary opposites such as nature-society, or colonized-colonizer. Hybrids are therefore non-essentialized forms, irreducible to pure states. Although the term comes from plant and animal sciences, meaning the offspring of different species, it has gained wider currency in association with postmodernism , post-colonialism , and other intellectual movements that valorize emergent conditions. In The Location of Culture ( 1994 ), Homi Bhabha reverses the stigma once attached to racial mixing in...

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A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... The mixture of meanings that emerges when two cultures interact; the new forms that are created when cultures merge. ‘Acculturation can be seen as a sort of dialogue between cultures that…engenders the creation of new forms of cultural negotiation which themselves materialize as…hybridity, creoleness and inbetweeness’ ( Mitchell (1997) Antipode 29, 2 ). Identities are not stable, but ambivalent. H. Bhabha ( 1994 ) claims that subjects at the margins of cultures, or in a third space , are best placed to resist a domineering culture/narrative, and to...

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A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
366 words

...is a normative feature of societal development. Hybridity acknowledges that identity is formed through an encounter with difference. In particular, the condition of cultural hybridity has been highlighted by examining the post-colonial cultures of migrants which are based on fusions and translations of existing elements. The most developed theorization of hybridity by Homi Bhabha ( The Location of Culture , 1994) does not consider it as merely fusing existing cultural elements. Rather, hybridity refers to the process of the emergence of a culture, in...

Hybridity

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Kariann Goldschmitt

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
643 words

... . A concept for describing musical mixtures that are explicitly enmeshed in identity politics, most often involving racial and ethnic identity, and its effects on culture. As a concept, scholars and critics began using hybridity in music during the late 1980s and early 1990s as postcolonial and critical race theory expanded in influence in North American music scholarship. Previously, “hybrid” referred to mixture involving genre or form. Early accounts pitted discourses of hybridity in music against authenticity, or musical purity, and multiculturalism...

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A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
78 words

...hybridity The combination of two (or more) elements to make a new whole, such as a television programme that combines stand-up comedy with investigative journalism . The concept of hybridity is also used in academic discussions of alternative media to refer to those products such as Private Eye that combine alternative editorial content with operating as a profitable business, and to describe journalistic practices that use mainstream techniques and styles for alternative purposes (and vice...

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A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
223 words

... A term referring initially to forms of interracial mixing that were disapproved of in a particular society, so that a dominant—often white—culture in a colonial setting could reassert its own allegedly pure identity with relation to mixed-race categories such as ‘half-breed’. A more positive sense of the term has been developed by cultural theorists recognizing hybridity as a source of the development and articulation of identity, based on a creative fusion of different elements. Most prominent and influential among theorists of hybridity is Homi...

hybridity

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Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
59 words

... The synthesis that takes place in any encounter between distinct cultures, with the implication that combination, rather than sorting into pure categories, is the norm. The term has been important in a variety of fields, from studies of race and ethnicity to postcolonial projects that emphasize the processes of survival, adaptation , and resistance of indigenous populations to...

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... A term used in contemporary Postcolonial Studies to theorize and to a certain degree celebrate a global state of mixedness—a mixedness of cultures, races, ethnicities, nations, and so on. The term is drawn from biology, where it is used to describe the intermingling of different strains or species of plants and animals to produce ‘new’ species (the mule, which is the offspring of a donkey and horse, is a perfect example of a hybrid). Interestingly, in colonial and imperial discourse of the 19th century, the term hybridity carried negative connotations...

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A term used in contemporary Postcolonial Studies to theorize and to a certain degree celebrate a global state of mixedness—a mixedness of cultures, races, ethnicities, nations, and so on. The term is drawn from biology, where it is used to describe the intermingling of different strains or species of plants and animals to produce ‘new’ species (the mule, which is the offspring of a donkey and horse, is a perfect example of a hybrid). Interestingly, in colonial and imperial discourse of the nineteenth century , the term hybridity carried negative...

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A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
98 words

...hybridity A theoretical orientation that characterizes cultural processes and change as based on open-ended and ongoing intermingling and fusion. The word comes from nineteenth-century racial thinking that idealized racial purity and abhorred racial mixing as hybridism. In recent decades, some postcolonial scholars and critical theorists of race , identity , and globalization have reimagined the term as describing a fundamental human tendency and as a platform to reject essentialism . Other scholars have criticized it as celebrating border-crossing...

Hybridity

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T. R. KOVER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
1,657 words

... Hybridity Hybridity refers in its most basic sense to the blending or fusion of previously distinct forms or categories—be these different species, races, linguistic varieties, cultures, or traditions—into a new variation. The discourse of hybridity has appeared in postmodern, postcolonial, and feminist theory, where such blending or fusion of categories and typologies has been seen as a way of overcoming previous ironclad social classificatory schema that reinforced noxious forms of social oppression and dominance. In the context of environmentalism...

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
558 words

... • banditti , bitty, chitty, city, committee, ditty, gritty, intercity, kitty, megacity, nitty-gritty, Pitti, pity, pretty, shitty, slitty, smriti, spitty, titty, vittae, witty • fifty , fifty-fifty, nifty, shifty, swiftie, thrifty • guilty , kiltie, silty • flinty , linty, minty, shinty • ballistae , Christie, Corpus Christi, misty, twisty, wristy • sixty • deity , gaiety ( US gayety), laity, simultaneity, spontaneity • contemporaneity , corporeity, femineity, heterogeneity, homogeneity • anxiety , contrariety, dubiety, impiety,...

Strategic Hybridity in Early Chinese and Japanese American Literature

Strategic Hybridity in Early Chinese and Japanese American Literature   Reference library

Floyd Cheung

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...only presented themselves as bridges between East and West but also fused literary and aesthetic elements from Eastern and Western cultures in their writing, producing what may be called hybrid work. Of course, not all forms and uses of hybridity are the same. As Jan Nederveen Pieterse explains, “We can think of types of hybridity along a continuum with, at one end, hybridity that affirms the center of power, adopts the canon, and mimics hegemonic styles, and, at the other end, mixtures that blur lines of power, destabilize the canon and subvert the center.” 4 ...

hybridity

hybridity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A central feature of colonial racism has been the need to categorize and separate ‘races’. The spurious belief of distinct ‘races’ in 19th-century discourses of scientific racism was based upon an ...
Hybrids

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Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
500 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...television megaton transship We also have our own fringe hybrids: botheration , raticide , scatteration , and monokini (the last being a morphological deformity as well). One rarely hears complaints about hybrids, though Mario Pei once called the legal term venireman a product of “the worst kind of hybridization (. . . half Latin, half Anglo-Saxon).” Words in Sheep's Clothing 83 ( 1969 ). The nonsexist veniremember , of course, solves that problem. See venireman . Other hybrids are widely accepted. Breathalyzer (formerly drunkometer ) has...

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A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... Containing two different elements. A hybrid car is a vehicle that can run on both electricity and...

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A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
58 words

...hybrid The offspring of a mating in which the parents differ in at least one characteristic. The term is usually used for offspring of widely different parents, e.g. different varieties or species. Hybrids between different animal species are usually sterile, as is the mule (a cross between a horse and a donkey). See also hybrid vigour ; hybrid zone...

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A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
47 words

... The offspring of parents of different species or varieties. Hybrids are produced in plant and animal breeding to bring new genetic material from which desirable characteristics can be selected. Some crops such as winter barley are grown as hybrids to gain extra yield from hybrid...

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A Dictionary of Nursing (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
29 words

...hybrid [ hy -brid] n. the offspring of a cross between two genetically unlike individuals. A hybrid, whose parents are usually of different species or varieties, is often...

hybrid

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Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
26 words

... n. the offspring of a cross between two genetically unlike individuals. A hybrid, whose parents are usually of different species or varieties, is often...

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