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huajü

‘Spoken drama’, the Chinese term for Western-style drama with realistic dialogue. In 1907 in Tokyo a group of Chinese students, calling themselves Chunliu She (the Spring Willow Society), ...

huajü

huajü   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
245 words

...plays. At the same time plays by Chinese playwrights, mostly educated in Japan, Europe, and the USA, were beginning to draw national attention. The term huajü was first adopted by *Tian Han in 1927 and the form had matured by the next decade, with a repertoire of quality plays and diversified performance styles as more directors returned from abroad. During the Sino-Japanese War ( 1937–45 ), huajü became a powerful propaganda weapon, with almost all theatre people enthusiastically involved in the anti-Japanese effort. In the 1950s the close...

huajü

huajü   Reference library

Siyuan Liu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
334 words

... ( hua chü ) ‘Spoken drama’, the Chinese term for Western-style drama with realistic dialogue . In 1957 Tian Han , one of China 's best-known playwrights and then president of the All-China Dramatists' Association, defined huajü as ‘a new dramatic form imported from Europe together with capitalist civilization half a century ago, or created with strong foreign influences. It portrays contemporary life struggles and historical stories, using language and movement as major means of expression, as well as modern playwriting techniques with act and ...

huajü

huajü  

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Overview Page
‘Spoken drama’, the Chinese term for Western-style drama with realistic dialogue. In 1907 in Tokyo a group of Chinese students, calling themselves Chunliu She (the Spring Willow Society), performed ...
wenming xi

wenming xi  

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‘Civilized drama’, an early form of Western-style theatre in China, the precursor of huajü. At the turn of the twentieth century China was forced to modernize after suffering repeated military ...
Ouyang Yuqian

Ouyang Yuqian  

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(1889–1962)Chinese actor, director, and playwright of both jingju (Beijing opera) and the Western-style huajü (spoken drama). As a student in Japan, he performed in the Chunliu She production of ...
Tian Han

Tian Han  

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(1898–1968)Chinese playwright. After six years in Japan, Tian returned to China in 1922 as an avid proponent of Western-style drama, giving it the name huajü in 1927. Apart from ...
Ying Ruocheng

Ying Ruocheng  

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(1929–2003)Chinese performer and director of huajü (spoken drama). In 1949 he became a founding member of the Beijing People's Art Theatre, recognized as an ensemble devoted to a realist ...
Cao Yu

Cao Yu  

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(1910–96)Chinese playwright, pen-name of Wan Jiabao. Cao's theatrical education began in Nankai Middle School in Tianjin, which had one of the earliest Western-style theatre programmes in northern ...
Chunliu She

Chunliu She  

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The Spring Willow Society, the first Chinese Western-style theatre group. In 1907 a group of Chinese students in Tokyo performed an act from The Lady of the Camellias by Dumas ...
Shanghai

Shanghai  

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Overview Page
The largest city in China and the theatrical centre of the south. Historically Shanghai had extensive contact with the West and was instrumental in the development of Western-style ‘spoken drama’ ...
Hong Kong

Hong Kong  

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Subject:
History
British sovereignty (up to 1997)A territory on the south coast of China, situated on the mouth of the Pearl River, opposite Macao. The British occupied the island of Hong Kong in 1841, declaring it a ...
Tian Han

Tian Han   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
197 words

...of Western-style drama, giving it the name * huajü in 1927 . Apart from writing, translating, and critiquing new plays, he produced work with his Nanguo She (South China Society) in Shanghai, Nanjing, and Guangzhou, including new one-acts (his Death of a Famous Actor , 1929 ) and translations ranging from the Japanese * shimpa to *Wilde 's Salome . He became a member of the Communist Party in 1931 and was actively involved in the left-wing dramatic movement. Some of his better-known huajü plays of this period are The Rainy Season ( 1931 ),...

Tian Han

Tian Han   Reference library

Siyuan Liu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
211 words

...name of huajü in 1927 . Apart from writing, translating, and critiquing new plays, he produced theatre work with his Nanguo She (South China Society) in Shanghai , Nanjing, and Guangzhou. The performances included new one-act plays (like his own Death of a Famous Actor in 1929 ) and translations ranging from the Japanese new school ( shimpa ) to European plays like Wilde 's Salome . He became a member of the Communist Party in 1931 and was actively involved in the left-wing dramatic movement. Some of his better-known huajü plays of this...

Cao Yu

Cao Yu   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
188 words

...as one of the greatest of * huajü (spoken drama) plays. In 1936 Cao became a professor at the National School of Drama in Nanjing and wrote two more plays before the Sino-Japanese War: Sunrise and Wilderness (both 1937 ). During the war he moved with his school to the Chinese stronghold of south-western China where he wrote Beijing Man ( 1941 ) and Family ( 1943 ). After 1949 Cao held several important theatrical positions, including artistic director of the Beijing People's Art Theatre, the best huajü theatre in China. He continued...

Ouyang Yuqian

Ouyang Yuqian   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
201 words

...Yuqian ( Ou-yang Yü-chien ) ( 1889–1962 ) Chinese actor , director , and playwright of both * jingju (Beijing opera) and the Western-style * huajü (spoken drama). As a student in Japan, he performed in the *Chunliu She production of Uncle Tom's Cabin , the first Western-style play in Chinese. After returning to Shanghai in 1910 he became active in the new drama movement, performing and writing wenming xi (civilized drama). Meanwhile he also studied Beijing opera as a dan (female) actor, becoming professional in 1916 ; for over ten...

Cao Yu

Cao Yu   Reference library

Siyuan Liu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
216 words

...one of the earliest and best-known Western-style theatre programmes in northern China . He attended Qinghua University in Beijing where he wrote his first play, Thunderstorm , in 1933 ; initially performed in Japan in 1935 , it is now recognized as one of the greatest of huajü (spoken drama) plays. In 1936 Cao became a professor at the National School of Drama in Nanjing and wrote two more plays before the Sino-Japanese War: Sunrise and Wilderness (both 1937 ). During the war he moved with his school to the Chinese stronghold of south-western...

Ouyang Yuqian

Ouyang Yuqian   Reference library

Siyuan Liu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
228 words

...Yuqian ( Ou-yang Yü-chien ) ( 1889–1962 ) Chinese actor, director, and playwright of both jingju (Beijing opera) and the Western-style huajü (spoken drama). As a student in Japan, he performed in the Chunliu She (Spring Willow Society) production of Uncle Tom's Cabin , the first Western-style play in Chinese. After returning to Shanghai in 1910 he became active in the new drama movement, performing and writing wenming xi (civilized drama). Meanwhile he also studied Beijing opera as a dan (female) actor, becoming professional in 1916 ;...

Hong Kong

Hong Kong   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
352 words

... China are the Cantonese opera, which has been heavily modified over the years, and huaju . This modern Chinese theatre grew out of attempts by students returning from Japan to spread Western ideas into China after the revolution of 1911 which overthrew the Manchu dynasty. The Sino-Japanese war of 1937–1945 popularized huaju and it reached as far south as Hong Kong, where drama faced serious problems of apathy and anxiety over local language and identity. Huaju scripts had to be rendered into Cantonese, the major dialect used in Hong Kong. After...

Ying Ruocheng

Ying Ruocheng   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
173 words

...Ruocheng ( Ying Jo-ch'eng ) ( 1929–2003 ) Chinese performer and director of * huajü (spoken drama). In 1949 he became a founding member of the Beijing People's Art Theatre, recognized as an ensemble devoted to a *realist *acting style. His performances in *Lao She 's Teahouse and *Cao Yu 's Thunderstorm made him a national star. Widely read in Western literature, he played Hamlet, and translated *Stanislavsky into Chinese and twentieth-century Chinese drama into English. The Cultural Revolution interrupted Ying's career, but by 1979 he...

Shanghai

Shanghai   Reference library

Siyuan Liu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
393 words

...The largest city in China and the theatrical centre of the south. Historically Shanghai had extensive contact with the West and was instrumental in the development of Western-style ‘spoken drama’ ( huajü ) in China. As early as 1889 missionary colleges in Shanghai were staging plays, some written by the students themselves. Inspired by the Chunliu She (Spring Willow Society) production of Uncle Tom's Cabin in Tokyo in 1907 , theatres in Shanghai began to put on regular productions of new drama known as wenming xi (civilized drama). In 1910 ...

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