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horns and halo effect

An effect in which one person's judgment of another is unduly influenced by a first impression; it may be either unfavourable (horns) or favourable (halo). The effects can be misleading ...

horns and halo effect

horns and halo effect   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
75 words

... and halo effect An effect in which one person’s judgment of another is unduly influenced by a first impression; it may be either unfavourable (horns) or favourable (halo). The effects can be misleading when interviewing job applicants. For example, a well-qualified candidate who arrives late for an interview, for a good reason, may be passed over as a bad timekeeper, while a poorly qualified but punctual and well-groomed candidate may be offered the...

horns and halo effect

horns and halo effect  

An effect in which one person's judgment of another is unduly influenced by a first impression; it may be either unfavourable (horns) or favourable (halo). The effects can be misleading when ...
halo effect

halo effect   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
177 words

...halo effect ( horns effect ) An overall positive view of someone based on one or two characteristics the person possesses. For example, in a work situation, because people are sociable, you might assume they are good salespersons; or because they have degrees in engineering you assume they will be competent managers. In other words, it is a form of bias which overemphasizes one quality in a person and ignores other, equally important characteristics. The opposite of the halo effect (sometimes called the horns effect) can also occur: you judge a person...

halo effect

halo effect   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
122 words

... effect The tendency for a positive impression made in one context to be used to influence judgement in another. It is a form of cognitive bias that means that we focus on positive qualities to the exclusion of negative ones. It is often unconscious. For example, if we find someone engaging and witty on first meeting them in a social setting, we may assume they will be clever with good interpersonal skills in the context of a particular workplace role, even though it shares no similarities with the original context and we have no evidence to support our...

horn effect

horn effect   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
114 words

... effect The tendency for a negative impression made in one context to be used to influence judgement in another. It is a form of cognitive bias that means that we focus on negative qualities to the exclusion of positive ones. It is often unconscious. For example, if we feel our line manager has been too abrupt and inconsiderate of our feelings on an occasion, we may struggle to see anything that they do in a positive light and consider them unsuited to communicating effectively with other employees, even in other—unrelated—contexts. This can be particularly...

stereotyping

stereotyping   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
124 words

...are liable to have selective prejudices towards their fellows, seeing only what they want to see and ignoring factors that do not fit in with their preconceived beliefs. They also tend to assume that all members of a group have the same, or similar, characteristics. Thus: • all graduates are clever • all unemployed people are lazy are two of the stereotypes that have to be resisted in carrying out job selection interviews. See also horns and halo effect...

Christian Music, Contemporary

Christian Music, Contemporary   Reference library

Mark Allan Powell

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
6,030 words

...Ned , ed. It Was Good: Making Art to the Glory of God . Baltimore: Square Halo, 2000. Cusic, Don . The Sound of Light: A History of Gospel Music . Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1990. Di Sabatino, David . The Jesus People Movement: An Annotated Bibliography and General Resource . Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1999. Gilmour, Michael J. Tangled Up in the Bible: Bob Dylan and Scripture . New York: Continuum, 2004. Howard, Jay R. , and John M. Streck . Apostles of Rock: The Splintered World of Contemporary...

Theatre

Theatre   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
5,549 words

...in some English stained-glass windows. Devils had dark, shaggy costumes, masks, horns and eyes like saucers. Christ and his followers wore timeless garments, while Jews and Romans had conventionalized eastern garb. Christ and the Apostles had haloes; the Virgin was crowned. There was a taboo on nudity: Adam and Eve, and Christ during the Passion, wore soft leather body-stockings; the Good and Bad Souls at Doomsday wore white or black leather or canvas ones. Christ's face or mask, and perhaps also his body, was gilded to express divine radiance. In the morality...

Denmark, Kingdom of

Denmark, Kingdom of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
9,690 words
Illustration(s):
2

...gradual incorporation of influences from French, German, and English art. The wall paintings of the 11th century were executed in an innovative combination of fresco and secco on a layer of fine-grained plaster, with the occasional use of gilded stucco for haloes and details on dress. They are of a high general European standard, and they were probably executed by skilled, immigrant craftsmen. Church walls were completely covered with colour. The east end would carry a depiction of Christ in Majesty , and the walls of the body of the church would contain two...

Ink

Ink   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
6,729 words

...all printing processes in Europe and the West required the development of oil-based inks. Aqueous vehicles will not spread uniformly and reliably on the metal surfaces of types and plates, and the process of movable type printing attributed to Johann Gutenberg c. 1450 depended on, among other things, the development of a suitable ink. The ink used in Gutenberg's productions is considered to be of very high quality, being densely black and free of an oily halo formation around the letters. Inks for typographic and other relief-printing generally used a...

Egypt

Egypt   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
6,067 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of years had haloed this divine personage. The Christian God supplanted him in the devotions of the Nile Valley’s inhabitants and Egypt turned its back on the world of the pharaohs. Egypt Map of ancient Egypt; those areas with separate entries in this encyclopedia are distinguished by Cross-reference type Dictionary of Art (i) Egypt under the Ptolemies ( 332–30 bc ). (ii) Egypt as a Roman province ( 30 bc – ad 395 ). (i) Egypt under the ptolemies(332–30 BC) . Alexander’s invasion terminated a long period of Persian domination and was met with little...

Subject matter

Subject matter   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
13,008 words
Illustration(s):
4

...they bear neon religious inscriptions) and were used as lighthouses for ships or nocturnal caravans. Haloes of various kinds—circular, rayed and flame or mandorla—are encountered in Islamic painting. Billowing clouds around inscriptions in manuscripts may be intended to sanctify them and thus act as yet another kind of halo. Various types of metalwork, too, exploited the multiple associations of light, for example by allegorical inscriptions of Sufi intent: candlesticks, incense burners, torchstands, candelabra and polykandela. Finally, many titles used by...

Art

Art   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
6,876 words

...flicker of fish, the fact the artist observes something via vision obligates the artist to record it via art in order to show to others what has been shown to the artist. The observation enters into an artist's field of vision haloed, or highlighted, by further meaning the artist imparts to it. When artists try to explain the effect of visionary obligation on their work as artists, they speak of the experience as one of becoming a “medium.” Not infrequently, the artist subsequently becomes learned in the Earth sciences. Artists draw on the resources of...

Stained glass

Stained glass   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
11,937 words
Illustration(s):
1

...on haloes and banderoles and occasionally by an attribute, such as the whale at Jonah’s feet. The development of more complex iconographic programmes in glass corresponded to that in other forms of monumental art, especially sculpture. Many programmes have come down to us incomplete, so that the reconstruction of the original placement of panels, and their iconographic significance, are often problematic. It is certain, however, that the themes that dominate the history of glass until c. 1540 —typology, hagiography, and local references to donors and...

Egypt

Egypt   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
12,773 words

...as sebuʿ (the seventh day after a birth), represent dancers of both sexes. These figurines retain traces of long-vanished dances and rites. Celebration of sebuʿ was associated with ritual involving dance, and the “haloes” on the figurines (wreaths, crowns, other headgear) were held to possess magical properties. The ancient practice of the execution of special feats requiring exceptional muscular control, skill, strength, and balance also survive in Egyptian dance. In the nineteenth century, a performer danced carrying a fowl settled on the head, a full...

Viking art

Viking art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
18,415 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Pirates and Christian Princes: Dynasty, Religion, and Empire in the North Atlantic (New York, 2005) D. M. Hadley : The Vikings in England: Settlement, Society and Culture (Manchester and New York, 2006) Ornament and Order: Essays on Viking and Northern Medieval Art for Signe Horn Fuglesang (Trondheim, 2008) II. Decorative arts. 1. Stylistic and chronological survey .   2. Iconography and subject-matter .   3. Manufacture and workshops .   4. Regional survey . 1. Stylistic and chronological...

Frame

Frame   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...12th and 13th centuries carved wooden frames appeared, the forebears of the modern movable frame. The first examples, like the engaged borders of the ivories and the metalwork altars, were in one piece with the painted ground. The panel had its surface lowered by gouging into a shallow box shape, the surrounding wall of which became the frame. The whole panel was then covered in gesso and gold leaf, the image being painted on the smooth, sunken surface. Patterns could then be punched into the gilded gesso to define robes, haloes, the junction of picture and...

Nutrition Labeling in the United States and the Role of Consumer Processing, Message Structure, and Moderating Conditions

Nutrition Labeling in the United States and the Role of Consumer Processing, Message Structure, and Moderating Conditions   Reference library

J. Craig Andrews, Scot Burton, and Laurel Aynne Cook

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health and Risk Message Design and Processing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
14,120 words
Illustration(s):
1

...information may influence consumers’ behavior and choices for products currently covered (e.g., beef, poultry) and not yet covered (e.g., raw seafood) in the legislation. Burton, Cook, Howlett, and Newman, ( 2015 ) show how nutrition information helps consumers correct misperceptions about a product’s health profile. Blanket assumptions about beef (e.g., “red meat is bad for you”—a health “horn”) and poultry (e.g., “white meat is good for you”—a health “halo”) are not always consistent with the calorie and nutrient content of products in these categories....

Sport Psychology Considerations in Intercollegiate Athletics in the United States

Sport Psychology Considerations in Intercollegiate Athletics in the United States   Reference library

Christopher M. Bader and Scott B. Martin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
9,621 words
Illustration(s):
3

...skills (e.g., identity achievement, interpersonal competence), and team skills (e.g., leadership, communication, cohesion, and team confidence) and have been widely implemented and studied with national and collegiate-level athletes (see Blakeslee & Goff, 2007 ; Calmels, Berthoumieux, & d’Arripe, 2004 ; Horn, Gilbert, Gilbert, & Lewis, 2011 ; Sheard & Golby, 2006 ; Vealey, 2007 ). Common mental training skills athletes find to be useful include improving concentration and focus ( Orlick & Partington, 1988 ), managing anxiety ( Mamassis &...

Pros and Cons of GMO Crop Farming

Pros and Cons of GMO Crop Farming   Reference library

Rene Van Acker, M. Motior Rahman, and S. Zahra H. Cici

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Agriculture and the Environment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...application of GM technology would fundamentally improve the efficiency, resiliency, and profitability of farming ( Apel, 2010 ). In addition GM seed companies argue that the adoption of GM crops helps to reduce the application of pesticides, which has a direct impact on the sustainability of the cropping systems ( Lal, 2004 ) as well as profitability for farmers ( Morse, Mannion, & Evans, 2011 ). Some have even suggested that the production of GM crops creates a halo effect for nearby non-GM crops by reducing pest pressures within regions that are primarily...

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