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holed stones

One of the most widespread magic devices to protect both man and beast was a pebble with a natural hole in it, also called ‘hagstone’, ‘witch-stone’, or (in the north-east) ‘adder-stones’. ...

holed stones

holed stones   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... stones . One of the most widespread magic devices to protect both man and beast was a pebble with a natural hole in it, also called ‘hagstone’, ‘witch-stone’, or (in the north-east) ‘adder-stones’. They were believed to repel witchcraft , and consequently any disease caused by spells or the evil eye ; in particular, they prevented hag-riding . The earliest allusion is in a 15th-century charm against nightmares ( Opie and Tatem , 1989 : 199, 378–9). Small ones could be carried in the pocket or hung up over the bed; larger ones were used in stables,...

holed stones

holed stones  

Reference type:
Overview Page
One of the most widespread magic devices to protect both man and beast was a pebble with a natural hole in it, also called ‘hagstone’, ‘witch-stone’, or (in the north-east) ‘adder-stones’. They were ...
STONE with hole

STONE with hole   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Superstitions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Society and culture, Customs and Traditions
Length:
875 words

...me … will here rehearse it. Take a Flynt Stone that hath a hole of his owne kynde, and hang it ouer hym [goes on to give word charm ‘St George’ etc.] 1584 SCOT Discoverie of Witchcraft IV XI. Item, hang a stone over the afflicted persons bed, which stone hath naturallie such a hole in it, as wherein a string may be put through it, and so be hanged over the diseased or bewitched partie; be it man, woman or horsse. 1650 BROWNE Vulgar Errors V XXII. To prevent the Ephialtes or night-Mare we hang up an hollow stone in our stables. 1686–7 AUBREY ...

HOLE in stone: passing through

HOLE in stone: passing through   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Superstitions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Society and culture, Customs and Traditions
Length:
520 words

... in stone: passing through 1754 BORLASE Antiquities of Cornwall 169 [Parish of Maddern] When I was last at this Monument, in the year 1749, a very intelligent farmer of the neighbourhood assur'd me, that he had known many persons who had crept through this holed Stone for pains in their back and limbs, and that fancyful parents, at certain times of the year, do customarily draw their young Children thro', in order to cure them of the Rickets. He shew'd me also two pins, carefully lay'd a-cross each other, on the top-edge of the holed Stone. 1865 R....

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands   Reference library

Edwin Paul Wieringa

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,585 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Borassus flabellifer or flabelliformis ); a MS consisting of a bundle of these leaves is also called lontar . Both sides of the leaf are incised with a knife, and the script is then blackened with lampblack. The leaves are bound in bundles by string through a central hole. A coin with a hole is knotted at the end of the string, which is then wound around the boards, holding the leaves together. Important texts were kept in wooden boxes, sometimes beautifully painted and carved. The leaf of the nipah -palm ( Nipa fruticans ) is thinner than that of the...

40 The History of the Book in China

40 The History of the Book in China   Reference library

J. S. Edgren

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,024 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...ritual vessels; his mention of texts engraved on stone refers to stone monuments such as the so-called ‘stone drums’ (7 th or 8 th century bc ) still preserved at the Palace Museum in Beijing. The more familiar flat stone tablets with lengthy inscriptions came into being in the Han dynasty. In Chinese culture, the durability of metal and stone serves as a metaphor for the inscriptions’ longevity. Furthermore, inscribed seals of metal (bronze, iron, gold) and stone (especially jade), as well as inscribed stone tablets, probably inspired the invention of...

11 The Technologies of Print

11 The Technologies of Print   Reference library

James Mosley

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,250 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
8

...Words or images—indeed both together—were drawn with greasy crayon on a polished block of absorbent limestone. The stone was dampened with water, then received an application of printing ink that adhered to the areas drawn with the crayon but was repelled by the dampened parts, which remained clean. The inked image on the stone could then be transferred to paper by putting pressure on it using a specially designed press. Lithography, or ‘stone writing’, was initially conceived as a means of transferring handwritten texts or drawings to paper without the...

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent   Reference library

Abhijit Gupta

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,070 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Dress from those in Europe. There is neither Paper nor Leather, neither Ink nor Pen used by the Natives at all, but the Characters are by Iron Tools impressed on a Sort of Leaves of a Certain Tree, which is much like a Palm-Tree. At the End of every Leaf a Hole is made, and through the Hole a String drawn, whereby the whole Sett of Leaves is kept together. (Priolkar, 39) Between 1706 and 1711 , Ziegenbalg wrote a number of letters to the SPCK ( see society for promoting christian knowledge ) asking for a printing press: We heartily wish to be...

Feminist Scholarship

Feminist Scholarship   Reference library

Yvonne Sherwood

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,603 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
12

...extent to which those voices were intended by the authors). For some this is a political and religious act, a way of staking a place in the Bible and tradition. For others it is a reflection of a different kind of belief—a belief that even a system like patriarchy has gaps and holes in it, and that traces of women's voices, and women's power, will inevitably leak through, even in the most androcentric of texts. One of the most obvious ways of finding footholds in the biblical tradition is by identifying women-friendly role models and women-friendly texts. As...

Humanity and Islam

Humanity and Islam   Reference library

‘Ali Shari‘ati

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,585 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...confirmed. The latest findings show that there is life, one of which is called bashar . Of course, I cannot exactly define what bashar looks like since you don’t have the slightest inkling of it in your heads. In short, it looks like a kheek [sheepskin bag] that contains two holes and four little [feet] and hands. They crawl hither and thither on earth with such an amazingly wild struggle unseen anywhere in the firmament. Bashar s have a lust for killing one another. Sometimes large groups of them (who are unrelated to the other parts of the earth) get...

1 & 2 Kings

1 & 2 Kings   Reference library

Walter Dietrich, Walter Dietrich, and Walter Dietrich

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
40,434 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Elisha ensured the success of the Israelite king's campaign. He placed himself in a state of trance using music (not only a modern phenomenon!) in which he could simultaneously serve as oracle and adviser. It is pointless to dig holes arbitrarily in an arid country, unless one is ordered to do so by a prophet: miraculously, the holes were filled with water (shall we think that there was an impermeable layer just below the surface?). It is still more unbelievable that the enemy believed this water to be blood (either due to its colouring or because of light...

Job

Job   Reference library

James L. Crenshaw and James L. Crenshaw

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...30:8 ). Precisely in what medium remains unclear. He may refer to three different forms of preserving words, representing progressively more enduring media: a scroll, a lead tablet, and a stone with lead inlay, like the famous Behistun Rock on which the Persian king, Darius, boasts of his exploits. More probably, Job indicates a single medium for displaying his words, a stone with lead inlay. Textual difficulties render it impossible to interpret vv. 25–7 with any confidence, and familiarity with Handel's Messiah gives the impression that one already...

Before Israel: Syria-Palestine in the Bronze Age

Before Israel: Syria-Palestine in the Bronze Age   Reference library

Wayne T. Pitard

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,805 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...connected episodes, often independent of one another, the Joseph story is intricately plotted and complex. With the exception of the story of Judah and Tamar in Genesis 38 (clearly an intrusion), no episode between chapters 37 and 45 can be dropped easily without creating a hole in the plot. Here we have a finely crafted narrative with detailed plot and character development, the story of how Joseph was sold into Egyptian slavery by his jealous brothers, only to rise to high position in the government of the pharaoh. When a famine strikes Canaan, Joseph,...

Ezekiel

Ezekiel   Reference library

J. Galambush and J. Galambush

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
34,333 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...with 11:15–16 , in which the current exiles are described as ‘distanced’ from YHWH. Having condemned the jealousy-provoking statue, YHWH informs Ezekiel that he will see ‘still greater abominations’ ( v. 6 ) and leads him into the north gateway. Ezekiel now burrows through a hole in the outer wall of the inner court, into a room (or series of rooms) whose walls are covered with engravings depicting unclean animals. Seventy elders, symbolically representing all Israel ( cf. Ex 24:1, 9 ) offer incense before the images. The hidden rooms engraved with animal...

Matthew

Matthew   Reference library

Dale C. Allison, Jr. and Dale C. Allison, Jr.

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49,867 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...someone else stole the body. Matthew: a large stone was rolled before the tomb; it was sealed; and Roman soldiers kept watch ( 28:62–6 ). Opponent: the soldiers fell asleep. Matthew: they were bribed to say that ( 28:12–15 ). Ps 2:1 asks, ‘Why do the nations conspire, and the peoples plot in vain?’ The theme of human impotence versus divine power runs throughout the Bible, and it is part and parcel of vv. 62–6 . Jesus' opponents take every precaution to prevent proclamation of the resurrection: they seal the stone and set a guard. But their efforts are futile:...

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt   Reference library

Carol A. Redmount

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,877 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Vast quantities of raw data, both textual and archaeological, have been collected and processed; innumerable synthetic works have been produced; and anthologies of primary and secondary sources have proliferated. Granted, our knowledge is not perfect; a number of variously sized holes in our understanding remain to be filled, and individual historical sources can be problematic. Collectively, however, the weight of accumulated historical knowledge is both impressive and indisputable—and almost without exception decisive for larger issues of historical...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...produce they exported to the rest of the ancient Near East and to the Mediterranean remained basically the same. Linkage between remote desert oases in Arabia required the camel. It was the only pack animal that could survive the long distances between watering holes in the desert oases, the vital links between the resources of southern Arabia and the wider world. W. F. Albright's assessment, based on contemporary texts and limited faunal remains, that dromedary camels became important to the caravan trade only toward the final centuries of...

septal stone

septal stone  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Co]A stone slab set on edge to form a raised kerb between compartments within the chambers of Neolithic long barrows. Some especially large septal slabs have circular holes cut in them, known as ...
port-hole slab

port-hole slab  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Co]A distinctive kind of entrance to a burial chamber, often in a chambered tomb, comprising either a single stone or a pair of stones set side by side, in which a round or sometimes square access ...
shaft-hole axe

shaft-hole axe  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]An axehead of metal or stone with a hole throughout for hafting.

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