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history of the book

A complex of intellectual and cultural enquiries, interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary in nature, which are concerned with the book and its production, dissemination, and consumption, in ...

history of the book

history of the book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
473 words

...and cataloguing, and issues of use, access, preservation, and *conservation ; and the history of physical aspects of the book, including paper ( see 10 ), type, bindings ( see 17 ), *watermarks , *title-pages , illustrations ( see 16 ), and all aspects of * mise en page . Marcus Walsh N. Barker , Form and Meaning in the History of the Book (2003) R. Chartier , The Order of Books (1994) E. L. Eisenstein , The Printing Press as an Agent of Change (2 vols, 1979) L. Febvre and H.-J. Martin , The Coming of the Book , tr. D. Gerrard (1976;...

History of the Book in Canada

History of the Book in Canada   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
58 words

... of the Book in Canada ( Histoire du livre et de l’imprimé au Canada ) General editors Patricia Lockhart Fleming and Yvan Lamonde led this national, collaborative project. Published 2004–7 in French and English, it covers Canada’s book history in three volumes (grouped chronologically: to 1840 ; 1840–1918 ; 1918–80 ) and five online databases. Judy...

Georgia, history of the book in

Georgia, history of the book in   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,027 words

...2. Later history With the growth of a secular literature and theatre, and the end of the repressive régime of Tsar Nicolas I, Georgian books became more frequent in the 1850s . An active society for the spread of literacy in Georgian, translations from western languages, a fashion for editing and printing old MSS, and the granting of licences to private printers in several cities all led to a boom in book publishing: by 1900 well over 2,000 Georgian titles had been produced. Most of these were printed in well-cast and well-set type, some of them on...

36 The History of the Book in the Balkans

36 The History of the Book in the Balkans   Reference library

Aleksandra B. Vraneš

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,947 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The History of the Book in the Balkans Ekaterina Rogatchevskaia and Aleksandra B. Vraneš 1 Balkan geography 2 South Slavonic MSS and the beginning of printing 3 Bulgaria 4 Serbia 5 Montenegro 6 Macedonia 7 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 Croatia 9 Slovenia 10 Albania 11 Romania 12 The socialist and post-socialist eras 1 Balkan geography The Balkans, the region in the southeast of Europe, is geographically bounded by the rivers Sava and Danube in the north; the Mediterranean in the south; the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Aegean Sea in the east...

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,936 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The History of the Book in Switzerland Lukas Erne 1 The Middle Ages 2 The early modern period 3 The 17 th and 18 th centuries 4 From the 19 th century to today 1 The Middle Ages Medieval book production in Switzerland chiefly took place in monastic scriptoria. The *St Gall Abbey Library , the country’s oldest library, preserves a unique collection of books from the Carolingian period, many of exceptional beauty, with important *miniatures and bindings. The abbey is known to have had a *scriptorium as early as the 8 th century, and the first known...

45 The History of the Book in New Zealand

45 The History of the Book in New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,017 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...uncertainties about the social status of print have also produced, problematically, a certain hesitancy about composing a national history of the book. The exemplary selected studies of aspects of print history in Book & Print in New Zealand have sketched out what is known of many aspects of New Zealand print culture, and recent investigations have added greatly to knowledge of Maori newspapers. More detailed bibliographies, such as George Griffiths’ Books and Pamphlets on Southern New Zealand ( 2006 ), acknowledge the significance of the local even as they...

30 The History of the Book in Austria

30 The History of the Book in Austria   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,528 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...but also the peoples of most of the now independent states of central Europe. Following World War I, the borders were redrawn, creating the (first) Republic of Austria, with Czechoslovakia and Hungary as independent states. In 1938 , Austria was annexed to the German Reich, and in 1945 occupied by American, British, French, and Soviet forces until the Second Republic officially came into being in 1955 . Today Austria’s population is c .8.2 million, of whom 1.6 million live in Vienna. 2 Early history In the Middle Ages, book culture flourished in...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,032 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...The History of the Book in France Vincent Giroud 1 Introduction 2 The MS age 3 The coming of print 4 The 16 th century 5 The 17 th century 6 The 18 th century 7 The Revolution and afterwards 8 After 1914 1 Introduction The history of the book in France reflects the peculiar dynamics between culture and power that have characterized the country throughout its history. These dynamics take two principal forms. The first is a constant trend towards centralization, resulting in the supremacy of Paris, always but never successfully challenged. The second...

48 The History of the Book in America

48 The History of the Book in America   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
12,975 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...’s A Brief History of Time ( 1988 ), popularizing the activities of the scientific community for lay readers. Even as the scholarly journal, in *digitized form, became entrenched, by the 1990s , as the primary means for the circulation of scientific knowledge, the science book had its place in laboratories and living rooms alike. 5.2 Transforming bookselling and libraries In the postwar period, the forces of consolidation were also at work within institutions disseminating books to readers. The Book-of-the-Month Club became part of Time Inc. in ...

40 The History of the Book in China

40 The History of the Book in China   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
8,923 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...by the likes of *Huang Pilie and Gu Guangqi, produced numerous bibliographical works and published facsimile reprints of Song and Yuan editions. The 19 th century witnessed the beginning of the end of the dominance of xylography in the history of book and print culture in China. Nevertheless, certain events conspired to prolong that demise. In the West, the year 1800 is a convenient (if approximate) date to divide the era of hand printing from the age of machine printing; in China, the corresponding dividing line would be nearly a century later. By the end...

24 The History of the Book in Germany

24 The History of the Book in Germany   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,033 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...The History of the Book in Germany John L. Flood 1 Introduction 2 The Middle Ages 3 The 15 th century 4 The 16 th century 5 The 17 th century 6 The 18 th century 7 The 19 th century 8 The 20 th century 1 Introduction Historically, ‘Germany’ is difficult to define in geographical and political terms. The Roman province of Germania covered only the southern part of what we now call Germany; the area north and east of the Danube, Main, and Rhine was never part of the Roman empire. Whereas around 1200 Germany was thought of as extending ‘from the...

44 The History of the Book in Australia

44 The History of the Book in Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,048 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...The History of the Book in Australia Ian Morrison 1 Introduction 2 First encounters to the gold rushes, 1788–1850 3 From the gold rushes to Federation, 1850–1901 4 Federation to World War II, 1901–45 5 Since World War II 1 Introduction At the beginning of the 21 st century, Australia is among the most urbanized countries in the world, and one of the most sparsely populated. The three major cities of the eastern seaboard—Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane—account for nearly half the country’s population of 20 million. Similarly, the book trade is dominated...

21 The History of the Book in Ireland

21 The History of the Book in Ireland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,994 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Social Change in Early Modern Ireland (2005) — and A. Hadfield , eds., The Oxford History of the Irish Book , vol. 3: The Irish Book in English, 1550–1800 (2006) M. Harmon , The Dolmen Press (2001) C. Hutton , ed., The Irish Book in the Twentieth Century (2004) — The Oxford History of the Irish Book , vol. 5: The Irish Book in English, 1891–2000 (forthcoming) V. Kinane , A Brief History of Printing and Publishing in Ireland (2002) L. Miller , The Dun Emer Press, Later the Cuala Press (1973) N. Ó Ciosáin , Print and Popular Culture in Ireland,...

42 The History of the Book in Japan

42 The History of the Book in Japan   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
8,089 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...The History of the Book in Japan P. F. Kornicki 1 Scribal culture 2 Print up to 1600 3 Print 1600–1868 4 Print since 1868 1 Scribal culture Japan first became acquainted with both writing and the book from China, at some time in the first half of the first millennium ad . There can be no doubt that Chinese, as the language of Buddhism in East Asia, as the language of the intellectual tradition that is now termed Confucianism, and as the language of scholarly discourse in East Asia, was central to book production in Japan from its beginnings right up to the...

28 The History of the Book in Italy

28 The History of the Book in Italy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,068 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...The History of the Book in Italy Neil Harris 1 Introduction 2 The introduction of printing 3 Venice 4 Aldus 5 An interlude with factors and causes 6 The 16 th century and the supremacy of Venice 7 The 17 th to the 19 th centuries: decline, revival, fall, renewal 8 The 20 th and 21 st centuries: two wars, Fascism, and after 1 Introduction Histories of the book in Italy, especially those assessing the impact of printing, often follow a predictable and all too conventional narrative pattern. They open with the German printers—who began publishing the...

47 The History of the Book in Canada

47 The History of the Book in Canada   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,120 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...at the Methodist Book and Publishing House included publishing Canadian authors and strengthening the agency system. The firm moved cautiously with the Canadian list, publishing at the risk more often of the author than of the house. Robert Service sent $100 to have Songs of a Sourdough ( 1907 ) printed, and at the age of 92, the widely published Catharine Parr Traill was expected to find 200 subscribers for her new work of natural history. Other books were not accepted until the MS had been placed with a British or American firm. Under the agency...

33 The History of the Book in Poland

33 The History of the Book in Poland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,081 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...The History of the Book in Poland Janet Zmroczek 1 The foundations and development of book culture 2 Printing to 1600 3 Relations between Polish and European cultures 4 The 17 th and 18 th centuries 5 Book culture in partitioned Poland 6 Nineteenth-century Polish publishing abroad 7 The 20 th century 1 The foundations and development of book culture When the Polish King Mieszko I was baptized in 966 , his acceptance of Catholicism set the course of Polish cultural history and the development of the Polish book. Evidence suggests that MS books had...

31 The History of the Book in Hungary

31 The History of the Book in Hungary   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,942 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The History of the Book in Hungary Bridget Guzner 1 Book culture in the Middle Ages 2 The Reformation and the baroque age 3 Enlightenment and the Reform era 4 The 20 th century 5 Publishing after 1989 1 Book culture in the Middle Ages The earliest Hungarian written records are closely linked to Christian culture and the Latin language. The first *codices were copied and introduced by travelling monks on their arrival in the country during the 10 th century, not long after the Magyar tribes had conquered and settled in the Carpathian Basin. Written...

4 The History of the Book in Byzantium

4 The History of the Book in Byzantium   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,204 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...The History of the Book in Byzantium N. G. Wilson In the early years of the 4 th century ad , the literary world of Greece and Rome experienced the completion of a revolution that had begun some 200 years earlier: from now on the form of the book was no longer the *scroll (Lat. volumen ), with the text arranged in a series of columns on one side of the papyrus only, but the *codex , with pages. The new format had advantages. If one were searching for a particular passage, it was often quicker to find the right page than to unwind a scroll to the...

41 The History of the Book in Korea

41 The History of the Book in Korea   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,059 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...The History of the Book in Korea Beth McKillop 1 Three Kingdoms ( c .57 bc – ad 668, United Silla 668–935) 2 Koryŏ (918–1392) 3 Chosŏn (1392–1910) 4 Modern (1910– ) 1 Three Kingdoms ( c .57 bc – ad 668, United Silla 668–935) In Korea and throughout East Asia, engraved *intaglio seals and texts cut on stone steles were precursors of printing as a widespread technology. In neighbouring China, the fixing of classic texts as engraved stone slabs in ad 175 is an important landmark. Early political groupings on the Korean peninsula also recorded texts...

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