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Overview

hierarchy

A type of social organization in which individuals are ranked according to their status or dominance relative to other group members. This affects their behaviour in various ways, e.g. by ...

Hierarchy

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
29 words

... . A body of religious rulers organized in successive ranks. In Christianity, one may speak of the hierarchy of bishops , priests , and deacons . For the ‘heavenly hierarchy’, see ANGEL...

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... A series of ordered groupings of things within a...

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A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
18 words

... an organization pattern involving groups within groups, as exemplified by the taxonomic hierarchy of organisms. See classification...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
56 words

... Any ordering of units or levels on a scale of size, abstraction, or subordination. E.g. a phrase structure tree assigns a hierarchical structure to sentences; phonology and syntax form part of a hierarchy of levels of representation ; morphemes are the smallest units in a hierarchy whose largest unit is the sentence...

hierarchy

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The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... 'hī(ǝ)ˌrärkē n. pl. -ies 1 a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority. 2 ( the hierarchy ) the upper echelons of a hierarchical system; those in authority. hierarchic ˌhī(ǝ)ˈrärkik adj. hierarchization ˌhī(ǝ)ˌrärkiˈzā˜ǝn ...

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The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... A system of ranks (or classes) in which each rank includes the one below it. The term is used in its everyday sense, and can be applied to various types of grammatical classification. Hierarchy is evident in the analysis of sentences into subject and predicate ( 1 ) , or into clauses , phrases , and words , or of words into morphemes ( 1 ) . The concept can also be used in semantics where a series such as furniture , chair , armchair , wing armchair illustrates a hierarchy from the general to the particular. See also hypernym ; ...

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A Dictionary of Business and Management in India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
35 words

...hierarchy A ranking of members of a society or organization based on relative status or power. India is regarded as a hierarchical society with stratification reinforced through the caste system, family structures, and the...

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A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...hierarchy Arrangement of entities in an ordered sequence from low to high, least to greatest, smallest to largest, etc. ...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... An organization of habits or concepts, in which simpler components are combined to form increasingly complex...

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A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
23 words

... The ranking principle which underlies the ordering of traditional Indian society (‘the caste system’), the cosmos, ritual systems, deities, and other...

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A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... A set of entities that are partially ordered; the word is frequently misused. See partial ordering...

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A Dictionary of Geography (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... Ordering of phenomena with grades or classes ranked in sequence; central place theory, for example, posits a hierarchy of settlements from regional capitals to hamlets. In a nested hierarchy each level contains/is composed of the level below, with the individuals in that level being smaller-scale sub-systems of the level above. The metasystem (highest level) does not respond to the lowest sub-system directly, as the dynamics of the sub-system are on too small a scale to be of any consequence; in other words, information across any three hierarchical...

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A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
50 words

...hierarchy A type of social organization in which individuals are ranked according to their status or dominance relative to other group members. This affects their behaviour in various ways, e.g. by determining their access to food or to mates. Many vertebrate animals and some invertebrates live in hierarchical social...

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Garner's Modern English Usage (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
58 words

... (= [1] a system of organization by which people or things are ranked by importance; or [2] the upper echelon of an organization), a French/Latin/Greek loanword dating in English from the 1300s, is so spelled. Since the mid-1960s, the word has occasionally been misspelled ⋆ higherarchy . Current ratio in print ( hierarchy vs. ⋆ higherarchy ): 117,810:1 ...

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A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
105 words

... A structure or order in which people are positioned at different levels in an organization, denoting their rank and authority. It is associated with bureaucracy and links incumbents of positions through clearly defined lines of command and communication. Hierarchies also provide clear career paths and opportunities for progression. They are formal and less flexible structures which can inhibit communication occurring outside formal channels. Most large organizations have a hierarchy. Weber saw this as an inevitable consequence of the increasing...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
116 words

... . The word has been used since patristic times of the ordained body of Christian clergy. RC theologians used to distinguish between the hierarchy of order and that of pastoral government, but since the Second Vatican Council the hierarchical constitution of the Church has been seen differently. First there is the supreme Church authority enjoyed by the Pope and college of bishops, with power over the universal Church, and secondly there are particular Churches and their groupings. Only those in holy orders are capable of the power of government or...

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A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... 1 A form of organization in which certain elements of a system regulate the activity of other elements. 2 A form of social organization in which individuals, or groups of individuals, possess different degrees of status, affecting feeding, mating behaviour, etc....

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A Dictionary of Zoology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
42 words

... 1. A form of organization in which certain elements of a system regulate the activity of other elements. 2. A form of social organization in which individuals, or groups of individuals, possess different degrees of status, affecting feeding, mating behaviour, etc....

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
228 words

... The word (a coinage of Dionysius the Areopagite ) has been in use for the ordained body of Christian clergy since late patristic times. Catholic theology once distinguished the hierarchy of order from that of pastoral government. The former was subdivided into the three grades of divine institution (bps, priests, and deacons) on the one hand, and the subdiaconate and minor orders, instituted by the Church, on the other. In the hierarchy of pastoral government, only the papacy and the episcopacy were held to be of divine institution. All the other...

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The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
102 words

... The principle of grading elements into an order of precedence or importance. It has been applied in book design since at least Carolingian times, when scripts of various ages and levels of formality were used to produce texts. Different sizes of *initials (and different levels of decoration) designate larger or smaller textual subdivisions. The organization of textual hierarchies has evolved, but still obtains in the subordinate role of *italic to roman type, in the use of different levels of *headings within a text (A, B, C, etc.), and in the...

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