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Overview

herpes

A group of conditions due to related viruses that cause irritating, usually acutely painful skin lesions. The name is derived from a Greek word meaning “creep” and refers to the tendency ...

herpes

herpes   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... Inflammation of the skin caused by viruses. See also herpes gladiatorum...

herpes

herpes   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
34 words

... Infectious disease caused by one of the herpes viruses. Herpes simplex 1 infects the skin and causes cold sores. Herpes zoster attacks nerve ganglia, causing shingles . The same virus is responsible for chickenpox...

herpes

herpes n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . Any of a group of seven viruses, including herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2, and cytomegalovirus, associated mostly with skin diseases but also with other disorders. See also herpes simplex encephalitis . [From Greek herpein to...

herpes

herpes   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
330 words
Illustration(s):
1

...herpes n. An acute inflammatory infection of the skin and mucosa , resulting in collections of small blisters caused by herpes viruses . Primary herpes (herpetic gingivostomatitis) is caused by herpes simplex virus type I and is primarily transmitted by saliva ; it affects mainly children and young adults. It is characterized by malaise, fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and blisters ( vesicles ) on the gingivae, palate , buccal mucosa , and tongue , which burst to form superficial ulcers with surrounding inflamed tissue. The disease is highly...

herpes

herpes n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
233 words

... n. inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that is caused by herpesviruses and characterized by collections of small blisters. There are two types of herpes simplex virus ( HSV ): type I causes the common cold sore , usually present on or around the lips; type II is mainly associated with genital herpes and is sexually transmitted. However, types I and II can both cause either genital herpes or cold sores, depending on the site of initial infection. HSV blisters are contagious through skin-to-skin contact and are recurrent in some people. HSV...

herpes

herpes   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...herpes A group of conditions due to related viruses that cause irritating, usually acutely painful skin lesions. The name is derived from a Greek word meaning “creep” and refers to the tendency of the skin eruption to creep along the skin surface. ...

herpes

herpes n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
161 words

... [ her -peez] n. inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes caused by herpesviruses and characterized by collections of small blisters. Treatment is with antiviral drugs (e.g. aciclovir). genital h. a sexually transmitted disease, usually caused by herpes simplex virus ( HSV ) type II, that is characterized by painful blisters in the genital region. It may be recurrent and is extremely contagious as the blisters burst to release viruses that infect the sexual partner. h. simplex ( cold sore ) herpes that affects the lips or surrounding area,...

Herpes

Herpes   Reference library

A-Z of Plastic Surgery

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Medicine and health, Surgery
Length:
52 words

... • Herpetic whitlow is a superficial viral infection of the fingertip. • Medical and dental personnel are at the highest risk. • Present with vesicles containing turbid fluid with local erythema and may also have fever and lymphangitis. Usually last 2/52. • Don’t perform IandD. Severe cases may require systemic...

herpes viruses

herpes viruses   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...herpes viruses A class of viruses that can cause diseases, including genital herpes, herpes simplex, and herpes zoster. The Epstein–Barr virus that causes infectious mononucleosis and Burkitt's lymphoma and the cytomegalovirus also belong in this family of viruses. ...

genital herpes

genital herpes   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...herpes A highly contagious infection characterized by painful lesions in the genital areas. See also Herpes gladiatorum ; scrumpox...

herpes zoster

herpes zoster   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...herpes zoster ( shingles ) A skin eruption that is manifest as painful inflammatory or vesicular lesions in a particular dermatome. Herpes zoster often occurs in older people or those with impaired immunity, due to reactivation of varicella virus that has been dormant since childhood infection. The neuralgic pain and related sleeplessness and insomnia can persist for many months, even years. See also genital herpes . ...

herpes simplex

herpes simplex   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...herpes simplex This is caused by the herpes simplex virus type II. It is usually a perioral infection and tends to recur, often associated with an acute upper respiratory infection, such as a common cold. ...

herpes virus

herpes virus   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
85 words

... virus one of a group of animal viruses having a duplex DNA molecule within an icosahedral capsid. They range in size from 180 to 250 nanometers and produce internuclear inclusions in host cells. If the virus infects humans, the acronym is given an initial “H.” HHV1 (herpes simplex virus) causes cold sores. HHV2 (genital herpes virus) causes lesions and is sexually transmitted. HHV3 (varicella zoster virus) causes chicken pox and shingles. See enveloped viruses , Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) , human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) , human papillomavirus , virus ....

herpes virus

herpes virus   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
42 words

... virus any of a family (Herpesviridae) of enveloped, icosahedral, double‐stranded DNA viruses, many of which infect animals. The family includes human herpesviruses types 1 and 2, Epstein–Barr virus, zoster (varicella) virus, pseudorabies virus, cytomegalovirus, Lucke virus, and Marek's disease...

herpes gladiatorum

herpes gladiatorum   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... gladiatorum A very contagious skin infection characterized by multiple or single lesions caused by the herpes simplex type I virus. Its name derives from the ease at which an infected participant of combat, contact, and collision sports (e.g. rugby, water polo, and wrestling) can transmit the virus to an uninfected opponent in practice and competition. Infected athletes should not take part in contact or collision sports. Treatment with acyclovir (an antiviral agent) often helps to resolve the infection. See also scrumpox...

genital herpes

genital herpes   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...genital herpes A sexually transmitted disease, caused by herpesvirus type 2 or other types of herpesvirus, that causes ulceration and inflammation of the skin and mucosal surfaces of the genital tract. It is highly contagious, indolent, and often resistant to treatment, but it resolves well if antiviral treatment begins early. It has occurred in near-epidemic form among promiscuous adolescents and young adults in several large urban centers in the United States and Europe. ...

herpes simplex encephalitis

herpes simplex encephalitis n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... simplex encephalitis n . A condition caused by herpes simplex virus 1 in people with severely compromised immune systems, usually from AIDS or intensive chemotherapy for cancer. It is characterized by variable lesions in the temporal lobes, parietal lobes, and orbitofrontal cortex, leading to anterograde amnesia and retrograde amnesia but without loss of short-term memory, sometimes producing signs and symptoms resembling those of Klüver–Bucy syndrome . HSE abbrev...

herpes zoster ophthalmicus

herpes zoster ophthalmicus   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ophthalmology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine, Surgery
Length:
53 words

...herpes zoster ophthalmicus ( HZO ) Ocular inflammation arising from reactivation of herpes zoster (varicella zoster) virus within the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve . It is a specific form of shingles. HZO is most commonly associated with a keratitis and/or an anterior uveitis, although almost any form of ocular inflammation may be...

herpes

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
12 words

... XVII. — L. herpēs — Gr. hérpēs shingles, lit. ‘creeping’, f. hérpein ...

herpes

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
118 words

... • Andes • Hades , Mercedes • Archimedes • Thucydides • aphides • Eumenides , Parmenides • Maimonides , Simonides • Euripides • cantharides • Hesperides • Hebrides • Aristides , bona fides • Culdees • Alcibiades , Hyades, Pleiades • Cyclades • antipodes • Sporades • Ganges • Apelles • tales , Thales • Achilles , Antilles • Los Angeles • Ramillies • Pericles • isosceles • Praxiteles • Hercules • Empedocles • Sophocles • Damocles • Androcles • Heracles • Themistocles • Hermes • Menes • testudines • Diogenes • Cleisthenes • ...

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