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hegemonic masculinity

The mythology of gender dominant within cultural representations of males, reflecting normative behavioural ideals for males in a culture in a particular period (regardless of the actual ...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
100 words

...hegemonic masculinity The sociocultural structures through which men’s dominance over women is maintained. It was popularized by the Australian academic R.W. (Raewyn) Connell in Gender and Power ( 1987 ), in which hegemonic masculinity is juxtaposed with emphasized femininity to explain the dynamic between women and men that supports men’s domination over women. The concept has been important in organization studies such as the military and corporate companies to explain their masculinized environment and operational styles. In its details the concept...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
418 words

...violence, is still an important feature of hegemonic masculinity in contemporary Western culture. When conditions for the defence of patriarchy change, the bases for the dominance of a particular masculinity are eroded. New groups may challenge old solutions and construct a new hegemony. The dominance of any group of men may be challenged by women. Hegemony, then, is a historically mobile relation. Where there is a pattern of hegemonic masculinity, there are also subordinated or marginalized masculinities. The most important case in contemporary...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
134 words

... masculinity The mythology of gender dominant within cultural representations of males, reflecting normative behavioural ideals for males in a culture in a particular period (regardless of the actual prevalence of such behaviour in that society). Such representations promote stereotypical masculine heterosexual values ( see also masculinity ). Also, those men who exemplify, perform, and perpetuate the mythology of dominant masculinity, who are implicated in the subordination of women and of men who represent marginalized masculinities (such as gay...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The mythology of gender dominant within cultural representations of males, reflecting normative behavioural ideals for males in a culture in a particular period (regardless of the actual prevalence ...
masculinity

masculinity  

‘A highly differentiated identity category with its own internal relations of alliance, subordination and dominance’ (R. Connell1995). McDowell (2002) Env. & Plan. D 20, 1 explores the social ...
male gaze

male gaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also gaze.1. A manner of treating women's bodies as objects to be surveyed, which is associated by feminists with hegemonic masculinity, both in everyday social interaction and in relation to ...
heterosexism

heterosexism  

Prejudice or discrimination in favour of heterosexuals (1) and against homosexuals (1). It first appeared in a paper given to the National Council of Teachers of English in San Francisco in 1979 by ...
Fordism

Fordism  

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Overview Page
A system of production based on mass standardization and especially the use of assembly lines. It is named after Henry Ford, who revolutionized automobile production with these techniques at the ...
hegemony

hegemony   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
83 words

...hegemony The domination of a state or social group over another. As the notion of cultural or ideological hegemony, the term is derived from the work of the Italian political activist Antonio Gramsci, who produced notebooks while in prison in Italy in the 1930s in which he described how ideological hegemony served to keep those in power in that position. R. W. (Raewyn) Connell based her concept of hegemonic masculinity on this understanding of hegemony, as a form of ideological and cultural...

Connell, Raewyn

Connell, Raewyn (1944–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
89 words

...sociologist , instrumental in the establishment of masculinity studies and of southern theory. Also known as R.W. Connell, she is a trans woman who transitioned late in life. She coined the phrase ‘hegemonic masculinity’ to account for the dominance of men and the force of masculinity as a determining logic of everyday life. She also coined the expression ‘patriarchal dividend’ to denote the privilege that automatically accrues to all men by virtue of being men. Her best-known work in the field is Masculinities ( 1995...

masculinity

masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
139 words

...masculinity Traits and qualities conventionally associated with boys and men. These may be physiologically defined in terms of physical appearance and biological properties, but more commonly masculinity is considered as socially constructed and hence circumscribed by the norms applied to boys and men in a given culture. R. W. (Raewyn) Connell has coined the phrase hegemonic masculinity to describe the dominance of men in most cultures. The late 1980s and 1990s saw the rise of masculinity studies, later termed critical masculinity studies, mostly conducted...

Masculinity Studies

Masculinity Studies   Reference library

Stephen D. Moore

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
5,376 words

...term “hegemonic masculinity,” popularized by the sociologist R. W. Connell in his seminal study Masculinities ( 1995 ), is frequently employed in masculinity studies. It refers to the mode of masculinity idealized or exalted in a given culture and used to legitimate patriarchy within it (p. 77). Hegemonic masculinity is realized by relatively few males, but is sustained through the complicity of many more. It emerges co-constitutively against subordinated masculinities , such as male homosexuality in many contemporary cultures (pp. 78–79). Masculinity is...

heterosexism

heterosexism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
86 words

...of the same sex) versus heterosexual (attracted to members of the opposite sex) is at work in such a way that heterosexuality is privileged. Allied concepts include those of ‘compulsory heterosexuality’—and the more psychological notion of homophobia . See also hegemonic masculinity...

masculinity

masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
356 words

...protective, unemotional, strong, active, dominant, and aggressive. 3. Dominant forms of male identity in a culture in a particular period: see hegemonic masculinity . 4. A performance of a set of behaviours elicited in interaction with others in particular situations or institutional contexts and implicitly negotiated in relation to situational norms and expectations regarding masculinity. Here, masculinity is something that individuals do and the way that they do it, over time. This concept is particularly associated with symbolic interactionism and...

hegemony

hegemony   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
182 words

... /hi- jem -ә-nee/ is fundamentally a political term (“political dominance; the leadership or predominant authority of one state of a confederacy, union, or region over the others”) that has been imported into commercial and nonpolitical contexts. E.g.: • “Influential men began to expand the old-fashioned and physiologically specific definition of masculinity into an overwhelming concept implying social and (especially important at Harvard) intellectual hegemony .” Susan Jacoby , “What Makes a Real Man?” Newsday (N.Y.), 15 Dec. 1996 , at C36. • ...

Masculinity Studies

Masculinity Studies   Reference library

Susan E. Haddox

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,566 words

...on the “other,” they are useful for drawing out certain elements of masculinity, some of which are discussed later. Characteristics of Hegemonic Masculinity. The term hegemonic masculinity, coined by Tim Carrigan, is frequently employed in discussions of masculinity. It expresses the idea that masculinity is usually tightly entwined with power; thus studying masculinity is an important way to analyze the competing power structures in a given society. Hegemonic masculinity is that specific gender construction that is dominant in cultural and...

Masculinity

Masculinity   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
6,182 words

...of gender identity might complicate the paradigm of hegemonic masculinity. Two points are important here. First, the current project of studying masculinity is based on a desire to uncover power relationships, and thus central forms of legitimization need to be considered if such questions can be answered. Second, hegemonic masculinity does express successful ways of being a man that can act as a yardstick for other forms of gender identity. This approach is not the only way to uncover masculinity, but it is often the most useful because it provides a...

male gaze

male gaze   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
160 words

...gaze See also gaze . 1. A manner of treating women’s bodies as objects to be surveyed, which is associated by feminists with hegemonic masculinity , both in everyday social interaction and in relation to their representation in visual media: see also objectification . 2. In film theory, the point of view of a male spectator reproduced in both the cinematography and narrative codes of cinema, in which men are both the subject of the gaze and the ones who shape the action and women are the objects of the gaze and the ones who are shaped by...

Crime and Masculinity in Popular Culture

Crime and Masculinity in Popular Culture   Reference library

Stephen Tomsen and Dick Hobbs

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
10,171 words

...justice are focal points for representations of contemporary forms of masculinity. Yet despite a general tendency to valorize hegemonic ideals of self-reliant individual masculinity, these mostly do not offer obvious messages that conflate a dominant model of manhood with legal conformity, and they may allow for very mixed audience reactions. Critical readings of masculinity in culture emerged in the late 20th century under the influence of feminism, critical masculinities, and also queer perspectives. At the same time, social observers and...

Hegemony in Marxist Traditions

Hegemony in Marxist Traditions   Reference library

Marco Briziarelli and Jeff Hoffmann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
6,920 words

...Patterns of production: Cultural studies after hegemony. Theory, Culture, and Society , 24 , 79–94. Trujillo, N. (1991). Hegemonic masculinity on the mound: Media representations of Nolan Ryan and American sports culture. Critical Studies in Mass Communication , 8 , 290–308. Thucydides . (2012). The History of the Peloponnesian War. New York, NY: Dover. Venn, C. (2007). Cultural theory and its futures: Introduction. Theory, Culture, and Society , 24 (3), 49–54. Ventsel, A. (2014). Hegemonic signification from perspective of visual rhetoric....

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