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hegemonic masculinity

The mythology of gender dominant within cultural representations of males, reflecting normative behavioural ideals for males in a culture in a particular period (regardless of the actual ...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
103 words

...hegemonic masculinity The sociocultural structures through which men’s dominance over women is maintained. It was popularized by the Australian academic R.W. (Raewyn) Connell in Gender and Power ( 1987 ), in which hegemonic masculinity is juxtaposed with emphasized femininity to explain the dynamic between women and men that supports men’s domination over women. The concept has been important in organization studies such as the military and corporate companies to explain their masculinized environment and operational styles. In its details the concept...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
417 words

...violence, is still an important feature of hegemonic masculinity in contemporary Western culture. When conditions for the defence of patriarchy change, the bases for the dominance of a particular masculinity are eroded. New groups may challenge old solutions and construct a new hegemony. The dominance of any group of men may be challenged by women. Hegemony, then, is a historically mobile relation. Where there is a pattern of hegemonic masculinity, there are also subordinated or marginalized masculinities. The most important case in contemporary...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
144 words

...gay) masculinities. In contemporary Western cultures, masculinity is typically associated with personality traits such as independence and competitiveness, role behaviours such as being the primary provider and initiative-taking, and physical characteristics such as muscularity and a deep voice. However, the form of masculinity occupying the hegemonic position in a culture at any particular time is always contestable. ...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The mythology of gender dominant within cultural representations of males, reflecting normative behavioural ideals for males in a culture in a particular period (regardless of the actual prevalence ...
masculinity

masculinity  

‘A highly differentiated identity category with its own internal relations of alliance, subordination and dominance’ (R. Connell1995). McDowell (2002) Env. & Plan. D 20, 1 explores the social ...
male gaze

male gaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also gaze.1. A manner of treating women's bodies as objects to be surveyed, which is associated by feminists with hegemonic masculinity, both in everyday social interaction and in relation to ...
heterosexism

heterosexism  

Prejudice or discrimination in favour of heterosexuals (1) and against homosexuals (1). It first appeared in a paper given to the National Council of Teachers of English in San Francisco in 1979 by ...
Fordism

Fordism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A system of production based on mass standardization and especially the use of assembly lines. It is named after Henry Ford, who revolutionized automobile production with these techniques at the ...
hegemony

hegemony   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
85 words

...hegemony The domination of a state or social group over another. As the notion of cultural or ideological hegemony, the term is derived from the work of the Italian political activist Antonio Gramsci, who produced notebooks while in prison in Italy in the 1930s in which he described how ideological hegemony served to keep those in power in that position. R. W. (Raewyn) Connell based her concept of hegemonic masculinity on this understanding of hegemony, as a form of ideological and cultural...

Connell, Raewyn

Connell, Raewyn (1944–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
91 words

...sociologist , instrumental in the establishment of masculinity studies and of southern theory. Also known as R.W. Connell, she is a trans woman who transitioned late in life. She coined the phrase ‘hegemonic masculinity’ to account for the dominance of men and the force of masculinity as a determining logic of everyday life. She also coined the expression ‘patriarchal dividend’ to denote the privilege that automatically accrues to all men by virtue of being men. Her best-known work in the field is Masculinities ( 1995...

masculinity

masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
145 words

...masculinity Traits and qualities conventionally associated with boys and men. These may be physiologically defined in terms of physical appearance and biological properties, but more commonly masculinity is considered as socially constructed and hence circumscribed by the norms applied to boys and men in a given culture. R. W. (Raewyn) Connell has coined the phrase hegemonic masculinity to describe the dominance of men in most cultures. The late 1980s and 1990s saw the rise of masculinity studies, later termed critical masculinity studies, mostly conducted...

men’s studies

men’s studies   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
186 words

...studies ( masculinity studies ) , interdisciplinary field that examines depictions and understandings of masculinity across time and place. Men’s studies uses sociological, anthropological, historical, psychological, and literary approaches to investigate issues of masculinity, studying the effects and formation of patriarchal power structures at individual and cultural levels. Central to the field is the interplay between hegemonic masculinities, which are characterized as “real” or ideal forms of manhood, and subordinate masculinities, which are...

Masculinity Studies

Masculinity Studies   Reference library

Stephen D. Moore

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
5,376 words

...term “hegemonic masculinity,” popularized by the sociologist R. W. Connell in his seminal study Masculinities ( 1995 ), is frequently employed in masculinity studies. It refers to the mode of masculinity idealized or exalted in a given culture and used to legitimate patriarchy within it (p. 77). Hegemonic masculinity is realized by relatively few males, but is sustained through the complicity of many more. It emerges co-constitutively against subordinated masculinities , such as male homosexuality in many contemporary cultures (pp. 78–79). Masculinity is...

male entitlement

male entitlement   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
99 words

...by virtue of their sex . This is often an implicit or unconscious bias ( see also cisgender ; exnomination ; male norm ; markedness ; taken-for-grantedness ). This confers unearned institutional advantages on men who conform to the societal expectations of hegemonic masculinity (a situation perpetuated by homophily ). The male gaze and manspreading , for instance, reflect such a sense of entitlement. See also gender roles ; institutional bias ; sexism ; compare white privilege and entitlement . ...

heterosexism

heterosexism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
84 words

...of the same sex) versus heterosexual (attracted to members of the opposite sex) is at work in such a way that heterosexuality is privileged. Allied concepts include those of ‘compulsory heterosexuality’—and the more psychological notion of homophobia . See also hegemonic masculinity...

masculinity

masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
376 words

...of a diversity of forms. Masculinities vary across cultures , over historical time, within a culture, and over the life course, though cross-culturally normative expectations include being protective, unemotional, strong, active, dominant, and aggressive. 3. Dominant forms of male identity in a culture in a particular period: see hegemonic masculinity . 4. A performance of a set of behaviours elicited in interaction with others in particular situations or institutional contexts and implicitly negotiated in relation to situational norms and ...

hegemony

hegemony   Reference library

Garner's Modern English Usage (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
187 words

... /hi- jem -ә-nee/ is a fundamentally political term (“political dominance; the leadership or predominant authority of one state of a confederacy, union, or region over the others”) that has been imported into commercial and nonpolitical contexts. E.g.: • “Influential men began to expand the old-fashioned and physiologically specific definition of masculinity into an overwhelming concept implying social and (especially important at Harvard) intellectual hegemony .” Susan Jacoby , “What Makes a Real Man?,” Newsday (N.Y.), 15 Dec. 1996 , at...

Masculinities

Masculinities   Reference library

Athena D. Mutua

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
2,863 words

...context of constrained opportunities, it cannot be reduced to it. The idea of hegemonic masculinities has been an important concept in masculinities scholarship, and it may help to support the idea of a unique Latino masculinity. In the context of the United States there is general agreement in the literature that the national, society-wide hegemonic ideal of masculinity is an elite white Anglo heterosexual male/man, a cultural norm that also shapes Latino identity. The hegemonic cultural norm interacts with a host of social structures and institutions that...

Masculinity Studies

Masculinity Studies   Reference library

Susan E. Haddox

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,566 words

...on the “other,” they are useful for drawing out certain elements of masculinity, some of which are discussed later. Characteristics of Hegemonic Masculinity. The term hegemonic masculinity, coined by Tim Carrigan, is frequently employed in discussions of masculinity. It expresses the idea that masculinity is usually tightly entwined with power; thus studying masculinity is an important way to analyze the competing power structures in a given society. Hegemonic masculinity is that specific gender construction that is dominant in cultural and...

Masculinity

Masculinity   Reference library

Wendy Jane Gagen, Robert Morrell, and Mir Yarfitz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
6,192 words

...of gender identity might complicate the paradigm of hegemonic masculinity. Two points are important here. First, the current project of studying masculinity is based on a desire to uncover power relationships, and thus central forms of legitimization need to be considered if such questions can be answered. Second, hegemonic masculinity does express successful ways of being a man that can act as a yardstick for other forms of gender identity. This approach is not the only way to uncover masculinity, but it is often the most useful because it provides a...

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