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harpsichord

Subject: Music

As it plucks rather than strikes strings, this keyboard instrument has more resonance than the piano. Its potential impact on pop, however, has been blunted by the fine line between ... ...

harpsichord

harpsichord   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
56 words

... Keyboard instrument. Its metal strings are mechanically plucked by quill plectrums. Its volume can barely be regulated, although stops may be used to bring extra strings into use. Historic instruments may have had two or, rarely, three keyboards. The harpsichord was the principal keyboard instrument from 1500 to 1750 , but was replaced by the piano...

Harpsichord

Harpsichord   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
119 words

... , A stringed keyboard instrument where the sound is produced by a plectrum mounted on a jack plucking the string. The jack then returns to its original position and a felt damper touches the vibrating string to deaden the sound. It was a generic term applied also to the spinet and the virginals, an instrument favoured by Elizabeth I . These differed in shape since, unlike the harpsichord, the strings were in a transverse position on the virginals and in an oblique position on a spinet. The word harpsichord was first mentioned in 1397 ; it was used...

Harpsichord

Harpsichord   Reference library

Edwin M. Ripin, Howard Schott, John Koster, Denzil Wraight, John Koster, Beryl Kenyon de Pascual, Edwin M. Ripin, Howard Schott, John Koster, John Koster, Alfons Huber, Denzil Wraight, Francesco Nocerino, Eva Helenius, William R. Dowd, John Koster, Edwin M. Ripin, Howard Schott, Charles Mould, Denzil Wraight, Edwin M. Ripin, HowardSchott, Lance Whitehead, BerylKenyon de Pascual, Luisa Morales, EvaHelenius, Howard Schott, MartinElste, and Anne Beetem Acker

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
35,179 words
Illustration(s):
4

... Mersenne’s main description of the harpsichord is illustrated by a fine, realistic engraving of a single-manual instrument, presumably a typical Parisian harpsichord of the period. The illustration is generally consistent with what is known about early north European harpsichord making and with the few details known from other French sources. Like Ruckers harpsichords, it has a 1 × 8′, 1 × 4′ disposition. As in the pre-Ruckers harpsichord made by Lodewijk Theewes (see §2(ii) above), the nuts in Mersenne’s harpsichord are straight and might lie on the...

harpsichord

harpsichord   Reference library

Jeremy Montagu

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
1,653 words
Illustration(s):
2

...set of strings and another is one of the harpsichord's great advantages over the piano and the reason why harpsichord music can sound dull when played on the piano. The earliest harpsichord of which we have any detailed knowledge is the clavisimbalum described by Henri Arnaut de Zwolle in his treatise of c. 1440 . It was quite small with a three-octave compass and four types of jack, one of which had a hammer action foreshadowing that of the piano. This and contemporary iconography suggests that the harpsichord was first devised around 1400 . The only...

lute harpsichord

lute harpsichord   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
29 words

...harpsichord (Lautenclavicymbel [ Ger ]) Harpsichord with gut instead of metal strings, so‐called because of lute‐like sound. In 1740 J. S. Bach had one made for his...

Harpsichord-piano

Harpsichord-piano   Reference library

Michael Latcham

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
798 words

...the lower keyboard. In 1770 F.J. Spath announced a three-manual instrument combining his Tangirung (presumably his tangent piano action) with a harpsichord action. In 1774 J.J. Merlin patented a hammer action that could be added to any English harpsichord. In 1779 he added such a hammer action to a J. Kirkman harpsichord of 1758 ( US.B.mfa ). Two harpsichord-pianos by Merlin survive: in both, the harpsichord action serves the 16′ (leather), 8′, and 4′ registers (quill), while the piano action uses the 16′, 8′, and an extra 8′. All the stops can be combined...

Double harpsichord

Double harpsichord   Reference library

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
70 words

...Double harpsichord . Term for a two-manual harpsichord, or sometimes a harpsichord with extended bass range or 16′ register. The term ‘double virginal(s)’ refers usually to Flemish virginals comprising two separate instruments, one small (the ‘child’) at octave pitch and one larger (the ‘mother’) at unison pitch; the smaller is incorporated into the case of the larger, from which it can be removed and played separately or coupled to the ‘mother’. ...

Pedal harpsichord

Pedal harpsichord   Reference library

Edwin M. Ripin and John Koster

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
560 words

...Pedal harpsichord (Fr. clavecin de pédale ; Ger. Clavicymbelpedal , Pedalcembalo ) . Harpsichord equipped with a pedalboard like that of an organ. Few historical examples survive, although a number of harpsichords and virginals, particularly Italian, show clear evidence, in the form of attachments on the underside of the bass keys and corresponding holes in the bottom of the case, that at one time they were equipped with eight to 18 pedals connected to the lowest keys by cords. The earliest-known Italian harpsichord with evidence of ‘pull-down’...

Lute-harpsichord

Lute-harpsichord   Reference library

Edwin M. Ripin and Denzil Wraight

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
688 words

...Lute-harpsichord ( Fr. clavecin-luth ; Ger. Lautenklave-cimbel , Lautenklavier , Lautenwerck ). Gut-strung harpsichord (occasionally supplemented with a choir of metal strings) intended to imitate the sound of the lute. It should not be confused, however, with the so-called lute stop on some harpsichords. Some writers have described the arpicordo as a form of lute-harpsichord, but this is incorrect as ‘arpicordo’ is only another name for the Italian polygonal virginal. Gut-strung arpicordi were known, however—Michel de Hodes made an ‘arpicordo...

Bach harpsichord

Bach harpsichord   Reference library

Martin Elste

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
357 words

...the harpsichord, so that it was imitated in various ways. Its unusual disposition (8′ and 16′ on the lower manual, 4′ and 8′ with buff stop and push coupler on the upper manual) was copied in instruments by Ammer, Dolmetsch, Neupert, Sperrhake, and Wittmayer. However, recent research has shown that the instrument originally had a three-register disposition (4′ and 16′ on the lower manual; 8′ with buff stop and push coupler on the upper manual) which was later expanded to four. The characteristic four-register disposition of the so-called Bach harpsichord,...

harpsichord family

harpsichord family   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
393 words

... family The harpsichord is a wing‐shaped keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked mechanically; the family of instrs incl. virginals and spinet . It was developed during the 15th cent., the earliest surviving example (in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London) having been made in Bologna in 1521 , but there are illustrated representations of the instr dating from nearly a century earlier, and a reference in a Ger. poem of 1404 to the clavicimbalum , the earliest recorded use of the name from which the It. word clavicembalo is...

harpsichord

harpsichord   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
41 words

... • record • telerecord • needlecord • ripcord , whipcord • discord • tape-record • misericord • harpsichord • clavichord • concord , Concorde • drawcord • monochord • pentachord • landlord • warlord • slumlord • overlord • broadsword •...

harpsichord

harpsichord   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
20 words

... XVII. — F. † harpechorde , f. late L. harpa HARP + chorda CHORD ; the intrusive s is of obscure...

Harpsichord

Harpsichord   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
171 words

... As it plucks rather than strikes strings, this keyboard instrument has more resonance than the piano. Its potential impact on pop, however, has been blunted by the fine line between an ear-catching extraneousness and its association with the late Middle Ages, when it was first manufactured. Mostly, it has been employed either to convey an ‘olde tyme’ flavour ( Jimmie Rodgers ’ ‘English Country Garden’ (1962), Love ’s ‘The Castle’ or as a gimmick ( Jerry Lee Lewis ’ 1964 arrangement of ‘Rockin’ Pneumonia And The Boogie Woogie Flu’). Attempts were...

harpsichord

harpsichord n.   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford German Dictionary: English German (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
harpsichord

harpsichord n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
harpsichord

harpsichord noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
112 words
harpsichord

harpsichord noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
112 words
harpsichord

harpsichord noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
37 words
harpsichord

harpsichord noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
122 words

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