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group-in-fusion

French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre's term for a group of people united by a common purpose. A crucial component of Critique de la Raison Dialectique (1960), translated as Critique of ...

group-in-fusion

group-in-fusion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...-in-fusion ( groupe en fusion ) French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre ’s term for a group of people united by a common purpose. A crucial component of Critique de la Raison Dialectique ( 1960 ), translated as Critique of Dialectical Reason ( 1976 ), Sartre’s theory is that the majority of people are alienated from one another for the majority of time, a state he refers to as seriality . What they lack, he argues, is praxis , namely the will to get involved in the political process. The group-in-fusion is not an ‘innocent’ or ‘ideal’ form in that...

group-in-fusion

group-in-fusion  

French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre's term for a group of people united by a common purpose. A crucial component of Critique de la Raison Dialectique (1960), translated as Critique of Dialectical ...
Islam and the Malay Civilizational Identity: Tension and Harmony Between Ethnicity and Religiosity

Islam and the Malay Civilizational Identity: Tension and Harmony Between Ethnicity and Religiosity   Reference library

Bakar Osman

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,678 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...genius which we think explains Islam's relative success in overcoming racism and maintaining inter-ethnic harmony within its own cultural boundaries as well as in the preservation of indigenous cultures. A major portion of that genius has already been discussed at length when we talk about Islam's legitimization of ethnic identities. Another aspect of the Islamic genius pertains to its ability to produce orderly and peaceful cultural fusions and cultural synthesis as history has witnessed it in so many instances. One such instance, and indeed a major one...

On the Political Utility of Using Armed Violence

On the Political Utility of Using Armed Violence   Reference library

Mahdi Shams Al-Din Shaikh Muhammad

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,098 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and against contending politicial parties, we believe that the political harm is greater and more burdensome. It is self-evident that civil society is the umma and its fusion with the organization ( tanzim ) is considered the basis of its power, success and stability. The organization cannot achieve any victory without this fusion with the umma. Were the organization to achieve victory in isolation from the umma, it would be difficult to hold on to; it would be lost or collapse. If it holds onto the victory by ruling over a state or dominating a region, a city...

Slovak Family Names

Slovak Family Names   Reference library

Peter Ďurčo

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
3,374 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Slovakia. Approximately 300,000 of its speakers live in Czechia while smaller communities can be found in Hungary, Romania, Serbia (Vojvodina), Croatia, and other countries. Slovak is considered to be the “Esperanto” of Slavic languages, because of its status as the most comprehensible language among Slavic language speakers. There are many Slovak dialects, which are divided into the following four basic groups: Eastern Slovak dialects (in Spiš, Šariš, Zemplín, and Abov), Central Slovak dialects (in Liptov, Orava, Turiec, Tekov, Hont, Novohrad, Gemer, and...

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World   Reference library

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...should be revised in the light of the changing role of the state and the re-definition of politics in our era of the “network society” to encompass the social and civil dimension of day to day politics, and the influence exercised by communities, advocacy groups and social movements on policy making and decision taking. 6 The state is no more the sole locus of power, and the theories of the state that used to explore the relation between the state and the society are shifting dramatically to an approach of analysis that explores the fusion of power and the...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the conversion to Christianity. What matters more to the historian, however, is the continuities of popular beliefs and the ways in which these expressed a fusion of the pagan and the Christian. In Anglo‐Saxon charms, for example, frequent reference is made to the baleful effects of ‘elf‐shot’ on the health of farm animals. It is remarkable, therefore, that flint arrowheads or flakes were still being described in this way earlier in the 20th century. More broadly, it was the Church itself that, from the beginning, deliberately turned a blind eye to the overlap...

French Family Names

French Family Names   Reference library

Simon Lenarčič and Susan Whitebook

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
7,086 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the south, where it was oc ). When they conquered England in 1066, they brought their Norman dialect with them, and the ruling classes of the islands communicated in Anglo-Norman French (as well as English) for the next three centuries. As the Normans took over Wales and Scotland, as well as Ireland, their names such as lambert , sinclair , and fitzgerald became deeply rooted in the cultures of England, Scotland, and Ireland. (Surnames in small capitals appear as entries in the Dictionary.) A habitational name such as disney represents a fusion of...

Irish Local and Family History

Irish Local and Family History   Quick reference

Kevin Whelan

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,945 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...variegated country, where the fusion of a diverse environmental base and a complex array of historical experiences has generated a variety of regions, each with a distinctive historical trajectory and inherited character. Because the country has only recently become urbanized, and because of the enduring role of its historical experience at the centre of its cultural and political life, Irish people remain intensely territorial. The sense of place and of kinship remains strong, reflected in a vibrant interest in local and family history. Currently,...

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...given, however induced, and on that basis claimed the separate but equalizing power conferred by feminine religious sensibility. The gendering of sensibility, and even the apparent deficiencies in education, rather than crippling the female personality, More declared, fostered a special propensity in women for an empowering Christian mission. Out of the final 1790s fusion of Evangelicalism with sensibility would emerge the flood of reform organizations centred on a middle-class, female constituency. These often manifested the degree of tough-mindedness with...

The Bible in Judaism

The Bible in Judaism   Reference library

Philip Alexander

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
10

...commentaries on the Pentateuch in which he attempted to create a fusion of Torah and the philosophy of Plato (see e.g. his On the Giants dealing with Gen. 6: 1–4 , and On the Unchangeableness of God dealing with Gen. 6: 4–12 ). 2. Secondly, there was the lecture type of commentary in which the expositor explains a section of scripture in an integrated way, drawing out what he sees to be its leading ideas without systematically going through it verse by verse. Philo also uses this type of commentary on Torah in his voluminous writings (note...

John

John   Reference library

René Kieffer and René Kieffer

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
52,850 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Jesus against a Mosaic background. The fusion of these two groups was the catalyst for the development of a high Christology, which was expressed in a first version of the gospel. About 90 ce the community became more anti-Jewish under the influence of converted pagans. This was reflected in a new version of the gospel. Around 100 ce a faction gathered around the author of the Johannine letters and fought against the Docetists who overinterpreted the divine aspect in the gospel and neglected Jesus' humanity. Such reconstructions are interesting but...

2 Esdras

2 Esdras   Reference library

Peter Hayman and Peter Hayman

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,631 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...by placing them in chronological sequence. Here we can observe the fusion of ideas that gave rise, both in Judaism and Christianity, to the concept of the millennium. In principle, these two types of eschatology are distinguishable. They line up with the different possible attitudes to history discussed in 2 esd 4:26–32 . They can be found in isolation in different Jewish texts or, as here in 4 Ezra, in combination. They are similarly combined in the book of Revelation, produced at almost the same time as 4 Ezra, and in 2 Apoc. Bar. In 4 Ezra the two...

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach   Reference library

John J. Collins and John J. Collins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
38,105 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...was also developed by the Jewish philosopher Philo ( Mack 1973 ). The fusion of the Jewish wisdom tradition and Greek philosophy on this point is essential background to the use of the Logos/Word in Jn 1:1 . The notion that Wisdom proceeds from the mouth also invites association with the spirit/breath of God (Gk. pneuma ) which had similar philosophic connotations in Stoic philosophy (cf. the use of pneuma in Wis 1:7 ). The association with the spirit is suggested here in the statement that Wisdom covered the earth like a mist, which recalls Gen...

fission–fusion

fission–fusion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Th]A mode of social organization where a community breaks apart into several separate units (fission) for some of the year before coming back together again (fusing) as a single whole for the rest ...
Hot Streak

Hot Streak  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Jazz disco fusion quartet from New Jersey, USA, comprising Derrick Dupree (vocals), Al Tanner (lead guitar), Jacob Dixon (bass) and Ricci Burgess (drums). The group started in the gospel field ...
Mezzoforte

Mezzoforte  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Until the arrival of the Sugarcubes, jazz fusion band Mezzoforte was Iceland’s best-known musical export. The group was formed in 1977 at a Reykjavik high school by Fridrik Karlsson (b. ...
Chimaira

Chimaira  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
This Cleveland, Ohio, USA-based metalcore band is commonly grouped in the ‘groove metal’ genre, playing a fusion of thrash metal and hardcore punk. Taking its name from a lion-headed monster ...
macroband

macroband  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ge]A group of several, usually related, families who set up seasonal hunter‐gatherer camps. Well established through anthropological research, such social units are often used as a model for ...
Cubo-Expressionism

Cubo-Expressionism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A term coined in the early 1970s to describe a trend in Czech avantgarde art in the second decade of the 20th century in which elements of Cubism and Expressionism were combined. The fusion of Cubist ...

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