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great-souled man

Subject: Philosophy

The lofty character portrayed in Bk. iv of the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. The great-souled man is of a distinguished situation, worthy of great things, ‘an extreme in respect of the ...

great-souled man

great-souled man   Reference library

C. C. W. Taylor

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
124 words

...-souled man . Greatness of soul (Greek megalopsukhia , rendered into Latin as magnanimitas ) is a self-referential evaluative disposition characteristic of Aristotle's virtuous agent, consisting in a proper sense of his own worth, manifesting itself in the desire to be honoured for his virtues by his equals (coupled with indifference to the opinion of inferiors) and in self-conscious dignity of demeanour (verging on pomposity to the modern eye). Despite the etymological connection, it is nearer to pride than to magnanimity; while the great-souled man...

great-souled man

great-souled man   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
138 words

...-souled man The lofty character portrayed in Bk. iv of the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle . The great-souled man is of a distinguished situation, worthy of great things, ‘an extreme in respect of the greatness of his claims, but a mean in respect of the rightness of them’, perfectly virtuous, good at conferring benefits but ashamed of receiving them, neither humble nor vain. The combination involves proper pride or magnanimity. With his slow step, deep voice, and level utterance, he does not appeal to everybody, but he represents Aristotle’s robust sense...

great-souled man

great-souled man  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The lofty character portrayed in Bk. iv of the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. The great-souled man is of a distinguished situation, worthy of great things, ‘an extreme in respect of the greatness ...
Dialogue Between East and West

Dialogue Between East and West   Reference library

Mohammad Khatami Ayatollah

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,648 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The concept of the person can be easily explained in terms of Islamic mysticism. The Islamic mystics consider man to be a world unto himself, a microcosm. Man's originality does not emanate from his individuality or his collectivity. His originality is solely due to the fact that it is him, and him alone, who is addressed by the Divine Call. With this address, man's soul transcends its boundaries, and with the transcendence of his soul, his world also becomes a world of justice and humanity. Anyone who examines even briefly the meandering course of philosophy...

The Psychological Role of Islam in Economic Development

The Psychological Role of Islam in Economic Development   Reference library

Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,229 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...view in the soul of European man towards the earth, even though their style and scientific or mythical character may differ. This view towards the earth allowed European man to give values to matter, resources and property which harmonize with his basic orientation. The values rooted in European man over the ages expressed themselves in schools ( madhahib ) of sensual delight and pragmatism which inundated moral philosophic thinking in Europe. These schools, in as much as they were the product of European thought, registered great success in Europe....

A Criticism of Religious Thought

A Criticism of Religious Thought   Reference library

Sadiq Al-‘azm

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,598 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...claim for naive acceptance of matters which appear contradictory to the intellect opens wide the door to things that modern science has struggled for long years to eradicate from the intellect of man. Every attempt to reinstate them ruins scientific values and confounds objective methodology and its application for the solution of the great and difficult problems of man. . . . The Fourth and Final Solution . Now we will proceed to the solution which William James presented in the article . . . “The Will to Believe.” In that article James establishes a general principle...

Unveiling and Veiling

Unveiling and Veiling   Reference library

Nazira Zein-ed-Din

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,469 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...inferior. Hence they think that God, the Almighty, decided to favor a man over a woman in these three areas. But as far as I am concerned, I conclude otherwise. I understand the argument to be against men rather than in their favor. Indeed, I examine Islam through the greatest words of God and the sayings of His Prophet. I then see God enthroned in greatness, freedom, equality, justice, goodness, and perfection. I become so overwhelmed and so elated that I feel my soul about to leave my body. I only wish that those who pretend to protect...

Socialism and Islam

Socialism and Islam   Reference library

Shaykh Mahmūd Shaltūt

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,849 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to be doubted that all those foundations on which life rests, such as perfection, happiness, and grandeur, matters of science, health, greatness, dignity, civilization, power, and strength, cannot be attained without wealth. In its attitude toward allowing man to assure his needs. Islam considers wealth realistically. Islam has made wealth an “ornament” of this life (Qur'ān 18:44) . It also qualified it as the “support of man.” Wealth is not an end in itself. It is only one of the means of rendering mutual service and procuring what one needs. Used thus, it...

The Need for Civilizational Dialogue

The Need for Civilizational Dialogue   Reference library

Ibrahim Anwar

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...As the story goes, the young man was scorned and ridiculed for his obsession with the maiden, because to the eyes of the world Laila was hideous in physical appearance. In response to this, the youth always replied: “To see the beauty of Laila, one requires the eyes of Majnun.” Looking at our co-religionists, we tend to be Majnun most of the time. But we are also deeply aware that the Muslim world is not without its excesses and internal contradictions. The negative image of Muslims to the rest of the world is to a great extent the result of the failure...

The Forgotten Duty

The Forgotten Duty   Reference library

Salam Al-Farag Muhammad Abdel

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,958 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Islam. It is reported that (once) a man embraced Islam during the fighting and fell in the battle, thus dying a martyr, and the Apostle—God's Peace be upon Him—said: “A small work, a great reward.” (§90) (There is also) the story about Abū Miḥjan al-Thaqafī (who was guilty of a great sin since he was) addicted to wine, while his bravery in the war against Persia was famous. Ibn al-Qayyim also made mention that the Tradition “‘We returned from the Small Jihād to Great Jihād ’—and then someone said: ‘What is the Great Jihād , O Apostle of God?’—and then...

Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World

Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World   Reference library

Shabbir Akhtar

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,182 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a man of many dogmas. For, at the end of the chapter, there is only one dogma, concerning which he has no option: Allah-u-akbar [God is great]. This confession of the greatness of God is central to the Muslim imagination. It punctuates the prayer and, when sincerely confessed, transforms the heart and mind. Indeed, even the most obscure and flickering recognition of its worth adds dignity to a life being lived in a complex industrial-commercial society that sets great store by worthless ephemera. The confession of the overwhelming greatness of...

The Arab Personality Between Past and Present

The Arab Personality Between Past and Present   Reference library

Michel Aflāq

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,078 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the Arab soul in its absolute reality, but this reality cannot be grasped by the mind; it is known only by living experience. . . . Until now we have been looking at the life of the Prophet from the outside, as a marvelous picture held up for our admiration and reverence. We must begin to look at it from within in order to give it life. Every Arab at the present time can enliven the life of the Arab Prophet . . . as long as he is affiliated with the umma which mobilized all its forces to give birth to Muhammad, or more exactly, as long as this man is an...

The Wisdom of Solomon

The Wisdom of Solomon   Reference library

William Horbury and William Horbury

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,675 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...not thrive ( 4:3–6 , which has exerted a not always salutary influence as the main biblical comment on illegitimacy); whereas the chaste woman or man without children ( 3:13–14 ) can look for fruit at ‘the visitation of souls’ ( 3:13 RV; wis . 3:7 ) and a place in the heavenly temple ( 3:14; wis 9:8 )—and for present honour, an immortal memory and the propagation of virtue here below ( 3:15; 4:1–2 ). The man's consolation develops that given to the righteous eunuch in Isa 56:3–5 , and the train of thought is anticipated in Ps 17:14–15 LXX ‘They were...

The Indonesian Revolution

The Indonesian Revolution   Reference library

Muhammad Natsir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,838 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Man over Man With such weapons as were available, the people opposed the great and varied armament of the colonialists. Their non-material strength lay in their conviction of God's instruction: that they should hold themselves accursed if they were to let themselves be subjugated. Such beliefs as these are rooted in their very flesh and blood. Truly, there is no possible reconciliation between religious faith and colonial domination. The spirit of faith is a spirit opposed to tyranny, “to the exploitation of man by man,” as...

Islamic Solidarity

Islamic Solidarity   Reference library

Sayyid Jamāl and Al-Dīn Al-Afghānī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,071 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...ethnic origins nor with the people of which they are a part because they are loyal to their faith; they have given up a narrow bond in favor of a universal bond: the bond of faith. Actually, the principles of the Islamic religion are not restricted to calling man to the truth or to considering the soul only in a spiritual context which is concerned with the relationship between this world and the one to come. . . . There is more besides: Islamic principles are concerned with relationships among the believers, they explain the law in general and in detail, they...

Islam And Arab Nationalism

Islam And Arab Nationalism   Reference library

‘Abd Al-Rahmān Al-Bazzāz

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,393 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...each of them, we find a great similarity, and sometimes complete agreement, between what Arab nationalism teaches and what is affirmed by Islam. Language, then, is the primary tenet of our national creed; it is the soul of our Arab nation and the primary aspect of its life. The nation that loses its language is destined to disappear and perish. It is the good fortune of the Arabs that their language is not only a national duty but also a religous one, and the influence of Islam on its propagation and preservation is very great. . . . Moreover, as we have...

Islam, Reason, and Civilization

Islam, Reason, and Civilization   Reference library

Shaykh Muhammad ‘Abduh

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,125 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the soul, enjoining outward as well as inward integrity, both of which it made mandatory. Sincerity was made the very heart of worship and rites were only laid down in so far as they conduced to the hallowing of moral character. “Verily prayer preserves men from foul and evil things.” (Qur'ān 29:45.) “Man is created restless. When evil befalls him he despairs, but touched with good fortune he becomes niggardly—though not those who pray.” ( Qur'ān 79:19–22. ) The rich man who remembers to be grateful is raised by Islam to the same level as the poor man who...

The Necessity of Renewing Islamic Thought and Reinvigorating Religious Understanding

The Necessity of Renewing Islamic Thought and Reinvigorating Religious Understanding   Reference library

Nurcholish Madjid

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,874 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of an inner spiritual response than rational deduction. It is the state of the soul which is full of appreciation of God. This appreciation develops through a complete assimilation of God's qualities as contained in His “beautiful Names” (Arabic al-asma’ al-husna ). The attitude which is appreciative of God constitutes the core of human religious experience. This attitude is also known as “ taqwa .” It is the spirit of God-consciousness in a faithful man. It represents one of the highest forms of spiritual life. . . . ...

Suicide Bombings and Martyrdom

Suicide Bombings and Martyrdom   Reference library

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,642 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...bombs—a young man or woman who blows himself or herself up amongst their enemy? This is a weapon the likes of which the enemy cannot obtain, even if the U.S. provides it with billions [of dollars] and the most powerful weapons, because it is a unique weapon that Allah has placed only in the hands of the men of belief. It is a type of divine justice on the face of the earth . . . it is the weapon of the wretched weak in the face of the powerful tyrant. . . . Those who oppose martyrdom operations and claim that they are suicide are making a great mistake. The...

The Poverty of Fanaticism

The Poverty of Fanaticism   Reference library

T. J. Winter and Abdal Hakim Murad

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,714 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Comes After and On Disciplining the Soul. Murad laments the fact that extremists acting in the name of Islam threaten an end “to the story of a religion which [sic] once surpassed all others in its capacity for tolerating debate and dissent.” Though no less certain than Nasr that Muslim belief and practice are the best way to deal with the alienating pressures of everyday life, Murad calls for a self-examining accounting by all well-intentioned believers. This alone can bring about “a genuine realignment of the soul,” as the Qurān itself suggests in 13:11:...

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