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garter snake

Non-venomous snake native to North and Central America. They are usually olive-brown with yellow, orange, red or blue stripes, often spotted with black. Length: to 60cm (24in). Family ...

garter snake

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
33 words

... snake Non-venomous snake native to North and Central America. They are usually olive-brown with yellow, orange, red or blue stripes, often spotted with black. Length: to 60cm (24in). Family Colubridae; genus Thamnophis...

garter snake

garter snake   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
179 words

... snake ; ✳garden snake . A garter snake is a nonvenomous North American snake having longitudinal stripes that resemble garters. A ✳garden snake is an unknown variety—perhaps “a snake that can be found in a garden.” But beginning about 1960 , the herpetologically challenged have often referred to this unknown species—e.g.: • “These were not those cute little garden [read garter ] snakes, but rattlers and cobras.” Kathleen Merryman , “Spine Shivering Stories,” News Trib . (Tacoma), 29 Oct. 1997 , Fam. §, at 1. • “Midway through the three-week...

garter snake

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Mike Allaby

Dictionary Plus Science and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
59 words

... snake A small to medium-sized snake, endemic to North America south of southern Canada. They vary widely in colour but most have three longitudinal stripes, usually yellow or green. They inhabit woodland and grassland, often entering gardens, but seldom far from water. They are mildly venomous. There are 30 species in the genus Thamnophis (family Colubridae). Mike...

garter snake

garter snake noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
85 words
garter snake

garter snake noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
76 words
garter snake

garter snake noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
33 words
garter snake

garter snake  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Non-venomous snake native to North and Central America. They are usually olive-brown with yellow, orange, red or blue stripes, often spotted with black. Length: to 60cm (24in). Family Colubridae; ...
eels

eels  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A common belief was that a long black horsehair thrown into a running stream instantly becomes a live eel or water snake. William Harrison, The Description of England (1587: 321) provides an early ...
EEL-SKIN GARTERS prevent cramp/rheumatism

EEL-SKIN GARTERS prevent cramp/rheumatism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Superstitions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Society and culture, Customs and Traditions
Length:
295 words

...linen bags which were buried in the peat for the rest of the summer between layers of freshly gathered marsh mint … In the autumn the skins were dug up and a final polish was given to them, after the removal of the [herbs]. The garters, called ‘yorks’, were tied just above the knees … as a cure and preventive of rheumatism. Cf. SNAKE SLOUGH/SKIN preserves health...

SNAKE SLOUGH/SKIN preserves health

SNAKE SLOUGH/SKIN preserves health   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Superstitions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Society and culture, Customs and Traditions
Length:
383 words

... SLOUGH/SKIN preserves health 1627 BACON Sylva Sylvarum § 969. The Writers of Naturall Magick, commend the Wearing of the Spoile of a Snake, for Preserving of Health. I doubt it is but a Conceit; For that the Snake is thought to renue her Youth, by Casting her Spoile. 1685 AUBREY Royal Soc. MS, Nat. Hist. of Wilts. ( Remaines 1881 , 224) For the prick of a thorne … a piece of the slough of an adder … tye it to the wrong side of the finger or, &c. that is prick't with a thorne: it will open the orrifice that you may pluck it forth. From Mrs Markey,...

Snakes

Snakes   Reference library

The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
18,296 words
Illustration(s):
30

... in the 18th century. Snakes of medical importance have enlarged teeth (fangs) in their upper jaw containing a channel through which venom enters the bite wound. They belong to four families: Elapidae (including cobras, kraits, mambas, coral snakes, African garter snakes, Australasian snakes, and sea snakes); Viperidae (the Old World vipers and adders of the subfamily Viperinae, the pit vipers of Asia, and the lance-headed vipers, moccasins, and rattlesnakes – Crotalinae – of the Americas); Atractaspididae (burrowing asps or stiletto snakes); and Colubridae....

Simon, Seymour

Simon, Seymour   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
317 words

...Book ( 1971 ), How to Be a Space Scientist in Your Own Home ( 1982 ), Bits and Bytes: A Computer Dictionary for Beginners ( 1985 ), and many animal titles, such as Cats ( 2004 ). Simon's several series include the “Discovering” titles, such as Discovering What Garter Snakes Do ( 1975 ); the “Space Photos” series, illustrated with satellite photographs, including Mars ( 1987 ) and Venus ( 1992 ); and the “Let's Try it Out” series, including Let's Try it Out with Towers and Bridges ( 2003 ). Simon has also produced fiction with a science...

eels

eels   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...and that this was a regular occurrence. Asked if she herself believed in the cure, she answered, ‘Od, I dinna ken, sir, but thae English doctors shudken’. ( N&Q 5s:9 ( 1878 ), 65). A more generally reported medical use of eels was (and perhaps still is) to wear their skins as a garter as a preventative for cramp , or a cure for rheumatism. Enid Porter ( 1969 : 47, 67, 72, 86–7) gives a full description of how to prepare the skin, plus other eel lore, and Opie and Tatem ( 1989 : 132) give references starting in 1684 . A further belief, not confined to...

Bankhead, Tallulah

Bankhead, Tallulah (1903–68)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
413 words

...parody of herself. Bankhead's performances occasioned some of the wittiest criticism ever elicited, most famously John Mason Brown 's dismissal: “Tallulah Bankhead barged down the Nile as Cleopatra and sank. As the serpent of the Nile she proves to be no more dangerous than a garter snake.” Elliot Norton , on the other hand, recalled of her Regina in The Little Foxes , “A woman driven by Furies, driven and driving … cold, calculating and calmly cruel, yet absolutely true and fascinating…. Her laughter was a silver ripple on ice, the glint of a glacier. Her...

Johanson, Patricia

Johanson, Patricia (8 Sept 1940)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
702 words

...having an educational purpose. Johanson went on to create Ribbon Worm Tidal Steps in San Francisco. Completed in 1997 , the project includes a pump station and holding tank along San Francisco Bay. Along a baywalk she designed habitats for endangered species, including the garter snake native to the Bay area. In Petaluma, CA, Johanson joined with an engineering design team to create a new water treatment facility. She chose the endangered Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse as the form for ponds that feature habitat islands for birds and selected plantings. Petaluma...

Shifting Balance

Shifting Balance   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
2,343 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and behavioral patterns in the garter snake Thamnophis ordinoides. These snakes show a variety of color patterns, ranging from checkered patterns to complete longitudinal stripes, the contrast between which is represented on one of the axes below as stripedness. The snakes are also polymorphic for the behavior they exhibit when confronted with a potential predator: some snakes go a short distance and reverse direction suddenly, whereas others attempt to escape in a more or less linear path. The striped snakes are easy to see when stationary, but more...

Reptiles

Reptiles   Reference library

The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
10,553 words
Illustration(s):
26

...or more competitive male. A recurrent theme in alternative male mating strategies is female mimicry, to reduce the probability of detection and evade competition with dominant males. This strategy is taken to an extreme in the Red-sided garter snake ( Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis ). Early each spring, Manitoba garter snakes aggregate by the thousands to breed. Males outnumber females in these aggregations, and male-male competition is intense; anything from 10 to 100 males simultaneously court and form “mating balls” around receptive females. In this system,...

Red queen Hypothesis

Red queen Hypothesis   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
2,256 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of as directional selection resulting in “arms races,” particularly between predators and prey. For example, garter snakes ( Thamnophis sirtalis ) overlap with and prey on newts ( Taricha granulosa ) over part of their geographic range ( Brodie and Brodie , 1999 ). In some, areas, the newts are highly toxic owing to the presence of tetrodotoxin ( TTX ) in their skins. This neurotoxin causes death in unspecialized predators, but the snakes that coexist with toxic prey have evolved a resistance to the toxin ( Brodie and Brodie , 1990 ). As such,...

Salamanders and Newts

Salamanders and Newts   Reference library

The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
10,411 words
Illustration(s):
18

...eaten by garter snakes. Some members of the genus Bolitoglossa have an undescribed neurotoxin that can kill some snake species after a single bite to their tails – yet several sympatric snake species eat these very toxic salamanders. Defensive postures. 1 Low-intensity unken reflex in the Spiny newt. 2 High-intensity unken reflex in the Red-bellied newt. 3 Tail lashing in the Ensatina (Ensatina eschscholtzii). 4 Undulating tail posture in the Cave salamander. 5 Head-butting in the Mole salamander (Ambystoma talpoideum). Snakes are thus...

Jewellery

Jewellery   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
8,104 words
Illustration(s):
5

...such coloured stones as cornelians, moss agates and garnets foiled to glow like rubies. Such substitutes as pinchbeck (an alloy of zinc and copper) provided a cheap alternative to gold. White, coloured and opaline pastes were perfected and set in jewels, belt buckles, shoes and garters. In Switzerland , where diamonds were forbidden by the sumptuary laws, marcasite was used as a substitute. English cut-steel jewellery was very popular and was exported all over Europe : some pieces were made entirely of steel, while others were mounted with enamels...

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