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garden city

A new town that has been designed with a special emphasis on natural landscaping and retaining a rural atmosphere.

Garden City

Garden City (USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Garden City , USA There are nine cities with this name in the USA. They were all probably given this name because of the quality of local gardens or the rural...

garden city

garden city   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... city A planned settlement, as conceived by Ebenezer Howard ( 1850–1928 ), with low housing densities, and many parks, open spaces, and allotments; the maximum city size to be about 30 000. The first UK garden city was Letchworth, 1903 . Howard’s ideas were echoed in the construction of new towns in the UK. A garden suburb is a planned suburban development inspired by Howard’s ideas. Garden suburbs were built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, for example London’s Hampstead Garden Suburb, 1907 . See P. Hall and C. Ward ( 1999 ) on Howard’s...

Garden City

Garden City   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
304 words

... City and Garden Suburb The ‘Garden City’, devised in England by Ebenezer Howard (theoretically to combine the benefits of town and country), involved the creation of a town built in the countryside with all facilities, places of work, etc. Influenced by the Garden Suburbs (low-density developments that were essentially derived from the Picturesque tradition of houses in gardens evolved by Nash and others at, e.g., Blaise Hamlet near Bristol), the first Garden City was at Letchworth, Herts. (begun 1903), designed by Parker and Unwin . The ...

garden city

garden city   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
66 words

... city A planned settlement designed to overcome the limitations of both town and country, by combining the best of both in free-standing, self-sufficient communities with ample parkland and public space. First formulated by British planner Ebenezer Howard in 1898 , the concept led to new towns in the UK, USA, and elsewhere, and informed the idea of garden suburbs. See also urban and regional planning...

garden city

garden city   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...the industrial outer ring of the city. The first garden city planned by Howard was Letchworth (Hertfordshire), which was founded in 1903 . The layout was not as radical as Howard proposed in Tomorrow . Houses were built, in vernacular style, on curving streets linked by straight thoroughfares. Existing trees were preserved and houses had gardens at both front and back. Letchworth has been added to enormously since Howard's time but the broad residential streets, with mature planting, remain very attractive. Welwyn Garden City, also in Hertfordshire, was...

garden city

garden city   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... city A new town that has been designed with a special emphasis on natural landscaping and retaining a rural...

Garden City movement

Garden City movement   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
217 words

...than a grid pattern. Hampstead Garden Suburb was founded in 1907 after a long campaign led by Dame Henrietta Barnett . In 1920 Welwyn Garden City was begun on the same principles and with more pleasing results, with a variety of harmonious accommodation, but it became socially divided by the railway line. After the Second World War the new towns of Stevenage, Hemel Hempstead, and Hatfield were built nearby. See Lionel M. Munby , The Hertfordshire Landscape (1977), ch. 10, Mervyn Miller , Letchworth: the First Garden City (1989) , Mervyn Miller and ...

Welwyn Garden City

Welwyn Garden City (England/UK)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Welwyn Garden City , England/UK Founded in 1920 and designated a New Town in 1948 . It takes its name from the nearby Welwyn ‘(Place at) the Willow Trees’ from the dative plural weligum from the Old English welig ‘willow tree’....

garden city movement

garden city movement   Quick reference

Lincoln Allison

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
231 words

... city movement One of the crusades which arose out of the horrified reaction to the growth of cities in Victorian Britain. Its aims were encapsulated in Ebenezer Howard’s book Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform , published in 1898 . Howard assumed an environmental determinism which blamed poor surroundings for the moral and social failings of urban life. He proposed self‐contained cities of about 30,000 people provided with extensive parks and surrounded by ‘home farms’ and in which every house would have its own garden. George Bernard Shaw ...

Tapiola Garden City

Tapiola Garden City   Reference library

Ria Ruokonen

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Garden City Espoo, Finland, was founded by a housing trust at the start of the 1950s and is now one of 27 Finnish National landscapes. Here, the garden city principle was adjusted to Finnish forest and agricultural landscape. The harmonious interlinking of nature, man-made landscape, and buildings was achieved by preserving the original spatial structure as part of the urban structure. Fields and meadows became a chain of open parks, and rocky outcrops and woodland were preserved. The construction of Tapiola began at a time of post-war reconstruction....

Welwyn Garden City

Welwyn Garden City   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
152 words

...Garden City (pr. ˈWĕllin) Hertfordshire Satellite town of London, founded in 1920 , just S of Welwyn and bypassed by the A1(M). The Scottish novelist James Leslie Mitchell , who wrote as ‘Lewis Grassic Gibbon’, lived here from 1931 to 1935 —the most productive period in his writing career. His greatest achievement was Sunset Song ( 1932 ), the first novel of a trilogy based on the land of his childhood, in NE Scotland. Cloud Howe ( 1933 ) and Grey Granite ( 1934 ) complete the trilogy, which was published in one volume in 1946 under the title...

Garden City

Garden City   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of New Zealandisms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
32 words

... City noun ( the Garden City ) Christchurch. 2008 press Christchurch is the garden city . Maybe it is a little hackneyed as a brand message, a bit staid. But it remains a...

Garden city

Garden city   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... city . The garden city movement in England was the inspiration of Sir Ebenezer Howard ( 1850–1928 ), who coined a name for his vision in Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform ( 1898 ), later republished as Garden Cities of Tomorrow ( 1902 ). His aim was to combine the best aspects of town and country in an environment appropriate for all members of society, and in practical terms planned a scheme whereby six ‘satellite’ cities would encircle a central metropolis, each having its own allotments, hospitals and leisure areas. His ambition resulted in...

garden city

garden city n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
garden city

garden city noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
36 words
Garden City

Garden City   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
61 words
garden city

garden city noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
14 words
Garden City, the

Garden City, the   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
5 words
garden city

garden city  

A new town that has been designed with a special emphasis on natural landscaping and retaining a rural atmosphere.
garden cities

garden cities   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
118 words

... cities Planned estates had been built by Robert Owen and Titus Salt in the earlier 19th cent., and by the Cadbury family at Bournville in the 1880s. Garden cities were conceived by Ebenezer Howard . His plan was for limited‐size cities built on municipally owned low‐cost agricultural land. The centre of each city would be a garden, ringed by civil and cultural amenities, city hall, museum, library, and theatre. Howard envisaged clusters of garden cities, linked by railways, and powered by new low‐pollution electricity. In 1899 the Garden City...

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