Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 538 entries  for:

  • All: force multiplier effect x
clear all

View:

Overview

force multiplier effect

The effect produced by a capability that, when added to and employed by a combat force, significantly increases the combat potential of that force and thus enhances the probability of ...

force multiplier effect

force multiplier effect   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... multiplier effect the effect produced by a capability that, when added to and employed by a combat force, significantly increases the combat potential of that force and thus enhances the probability of successful mission...

force multiplier effect

force multiplier effect  

The effect produced by a capability that, when added to and employed by a combat force, significantly increases the combat potential of that force and thus enhances the probability of successful ...
Policing

Policing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,788 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in its population, the enlargement of its resources, and the multiplied development of its energies, we may fairly pronounce that the country has outgrown her police institutions, and that the cheapest and safest course will be found to be the introduction of a new mode of protection. Such arguments enabled Peel, with the support of his Tory Prime Minister, the Duke of *Wellington , to overcome the long resistance to systematic policing with surprising ease, and to establish his force for London. In 1832 , Lord Melbourne ( 1779–1848 ), as Home...

The Indonesian Revolution

The Indonesian Revolution   Reference library

Muhammad Natsir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,838 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...sense of deprivation—they are not the ones who know how to express thanks. There is but one teaching, one guide—to which we adhere—namely the word of God, the gist of which is: If you know how to show gratitude, I shall multiply many times what you have received. But, if you are thankless, unappreciative and unable to value it, spending your time in complaint and rejecting all of it because it is not enough, know then that my punishment is bitter punishment indeed. ( Qur'an, Sura 14, Verse 7 ) ...

Prose

Prose   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,185 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...increase in British book production and consumption between 1750 and 1800 . Their impact was much greater than their paid circulations (3,000–4,000 copies per month) would indicate—universities, reading societies, private academies, and libraries subscribed while readerships multiplied. Such reviews were not simply devices for promoting the sales of British booksellers. Working within the *Enlightenment [32] category of ‘literature’ as generally educated discourse—a spacious universe of written genres ranging from *natural philosophy [34] , ...

16 The History of Illustration and its Technologies

16 The History of Illustration and its Technologies   Reference library

Paul Goldman

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,997 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...MS codices from about the 4 th century ad are the Milan Iliad (Milan, *Ambrosiana ) and the *Vatican Virgil. Of necessity, these books were illustrated by hand but, within perhaps as little as three centuries, the first technology to produce designs that could be multiplied had been discovered and successfully employed. This was the making of woodblocks for the printing of both text and image together; it was in use in China by the 7 th century ad— initially, it appears, for printing on textiles. Although this process was also current at about...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a popular banner text carried in large demonstrations. Segregated by sex and by age, the workhouses also dissolved the sacred bonds of marriage (‘None but he who rules the thunder/shall put man and wife asunder’) and violated God's anti-Malthusian injunction to ‘be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it, for all is yours’, a passage from the book of Genesis which received cheers whenever quoted. The dignity of labour was underlined not only by the fact that Christ had come to earth as a working man but also by a theology which posited a...

Exodus

Exodus   Reference library

Walter Houston and Walter Houston

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,486 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...What YHWH will do is to make Pharaoh uncomprehending and obstinate. The effect is that he will ‘not listen to you’ ( 7:4 ), and it will trigger YHWH's move to ‘multiply my signs and wonders’, ‘lay my hand on Egypt’, and bring the Israelites out ‘by great acts of judgement’. A sign is anything that shows God's power; a wonder is a remarkable event of any kind; ‘hand’ usually means power at work; and a judgement is not necessarily a punishment, but an act of force undertaken to effect the decision of a judge or ruler. So in several different ways YHWH makes it...

The Principle of Movement in the Structure of Islam

The Principle of Movement in the Structure of Islam   Reference library

Muhammad Iqbal

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
11,677 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...while the later writers had more difficulties in their way, it is nonsense; for it does not require much understanding to see that ijtihad for later doctors is easier than for the earlier doctors. Indeed the commentaries on the Qur'an and sunna have been compiled and multiplied to such an extent that the mujtahid of today has more material for interpretation than he needs. This brief discussion, I hope, will make it clear to you that neither in the foundational ...

Job

Job   Reference library

James L. Crenshaw and James L. Crenshaw

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...repetition to effect a breathtaking pause in the action (‘Listen, listen’) as he invites others to share his excitement. The point of view in vv. 2–5 begins and ends on the human level but soars to the heavens in the interval. Elihu stands in awe of divine power, but he is not alone in failing to comprehend God's niplā᾽ôt and gĕdōlôt (‘wondrous’ and ‘great’ deeds). ( 37:6–13 ) Turning to a less noisy but nevertheless spectacular display of a different kind, Elihu points to the formation of ice and snow, inclement conditions that force animals to seek...

Romans

Romans   Reference library

Craig C. Hill and Craig C. Hill

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,053 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...over the relationship between the key vv. 5 and 6 , focusing on the force of de (‘but’) at the beginning of the second sentence. If de signals a strong contrast (again, between two forms of righteousness), then Paul is stating quite boldly that Moses was wrong to assert that one could ‘live’ (in Paul's usage, the word probably refers to resurrection life; see rom 1:17 ) by doing the law. In favour of this interpretation one may cite Gal 3:12 , which quotes Lev 18:5 to similar effect: Moses' words prove that ‘the law does not rest on faith’ but on...

Into Exile: From the Assyrian Conquest of Israel to the Fall of Babylon

Into Exile: From the Assyrian Conquest of Israel to the Fall of Babylon   Reference library

Mordechai Cogan

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,701 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...picture of a comfortable exile, described in his letter to those who were clamoring for a quick return home, was not mere wishful thinking: Build houses and live in them; plant gardens and eat what they produce. Take wives and have sons and daughters…multiply there, and do not decrease. But seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the Lord on its behalf, for in its welfare you will find your welfare. ( Jer. 29.5–7 ) Yet at the same time, the maintenance of ethnic...

Isaiah

Isaiah   Reference library

R. Coggins and R. Coggins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
64,792 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...work to human vision. ( 49:19–21 ) The transformation theme, found frequently in these chapters, is developed further. The land was reduced to desolation, Israel itself bereaved and separated from its homeland, yet now the very first command of the Bible, to ‘Be fruitful and multiply’ ( Gen 1:28 ) has been fulfilled in an unbelievable way. It would probably be a misreading of a poetic passage to see behind the ‘too crowded’ language of these verses disputes about land rights between those who had been in exile and those whose forebears had never left Israel...

Introduction to the Pentateuch

Introduction to the Pentateuch   Reference library

G. I. Davies

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
32,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the wilderness narrative as we now have it, were added in an ‘itinerary-redaction’, which made use of a full account of the wilderness journey preserved in Num 33:1–49 . On a more theological level it has been argued that the promises to the patriarchs in Genesis were greatly multiplied and enlarged by redactors working at a time when one of the themes of these promises, the possession of the land of Canaan, was threatened in the late monarchy or even the exilic period by the appearance of the great imperial powers of Assyria and Babylon. Nicholson, again, has...

1 Chronicles

1 Chronicles   Reference library

H. P. Mathys, H. P. Mathys, and H. P. Mathys

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,015 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...changes made by Chronicles are discussed here. v. 4 , Chronicles has: 1,000 chariots, 7,000 horsemen, 20,000 foot-soldiers; the source has: 1,700 horsemen, 20,000 foot-soldiers. The original source probably read as follows: 1,000 chariots, 700 horsemen. The number was probably multiplied by ten by the Chronicler ( cf. 19:18 ). vv. 15–17 , the list of David's highest officers is appropriately placed after David's wars, since military ranks play a central role in it. v. 17 , the Chronicler allows David and Solomon to perform priest's tasks, although in general...

Leviticus

Leviticus   Reference library

Lester L. Grabbe and Lester L. Grabbe

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
22,756 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and more clearly structured section on the curses for disobedience. Five sections are marked off with the phrase, ‘If you (still) disobey, I will punish you sevenfold’ or similar words. The desire seems to be to create a crescendo effect, so that the longer the Israelites refuse to obey, the stronger becomes the punishment, multiplying sevenfold each time. This does not seem to be carried through consistently, though there is a sort of climax in the exile from the land. In fact, the individual curses seem to be listed by subject rather than according to any...

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt   Reference library

Carol A. Redmount

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,877 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the Bible. As the book of Exodus begins, Joseph and all of his generation have died, and Joseph's descendants “multiplied and grew exceedingly strong, so that the land was filled with them” ( Exod. 1.7 ). There is now a new pharaoh ruling Egypt, “who did not know Joseph” ( Exod. 1.8 ). This new king fears the Israelites as a large and potentially dangerous fifth column in his land. So he enslaves the Israelites, forcing them to build the supply cities of Pithom and Rameses, and making “their lives bitter with hard service in mortar and brick and...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the Talmudic period, when figurative art was found even on the mosaic floors of synagogues. On the Mekilta of Rabbi Ishmael see maj gen a. 4–5. 4. 1 Enoch, 6:1–6; 7:1–6; 8:1–4 : The Fall of the Angels (= Gen 6:1–5 ) ( 6:1 ) And it came to pass, when the sons of men had multiplied, that in those days handsome and beautiful daughters were born to them. (2) And the angels, the sons of heaven, saw them and desired them; and they said one to another: ‘Come, let us choose for ourselves wives from the daughters of the men of earth, and let us beget for...

moment

moment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...A force multiplied by a lever arm, producing a turning effect...

torque

torque   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
68 words

...Turning effect of a force. A turbine produces a torque on its rotating shaft to turn a generator. The output of a rotary engine , such as the familiar four-stroke engine or an electric motor, is rated by the torque it can develop. A measurement is made by multiplying the force by its perpendicular distance from the turning point. The unit of measurement is the newton metre ( Nm...

View: