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foil

A lobe or leaf-shaped curve in Gothic tracery formed by the cusping of a circle or an arch. The number of foils involved is indicated by a prefix, e.g. trefoil, quatrefoil, cinquefoil. ...

foil

foil n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. In research methodology, another name for a distractor...

foil

foil   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
168 words

...foil n. A very thin sheet of metal, usually gold , platinum, or tin. Cohesive gold foil is pure (24 carat ) gold which, when condensed at room temperature against another piece of foil, will cohere or weld to form one piece. It can be condensed in small pieces into a retentive cavity using a gold foil mallet or condenser . A gold foil carrier is a pointed instrument which can be used to pick up small pieces of gold foil and pass them through an annealing flame to remove any protective coating prior to placing them in a tooth cavity. Platinum foil is...

foil

foil   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
170 words

... In Gothic tracery any circular lobe tangent to the inner side of a larger arc or arch, meeting other lobes in points called cusps projecting inwards from the arch: prefixes are used to describe how many foils occur— tre foil (3), quatre foil (4), cinque foil (5), sex foil (6), multi foil, etc. A quatrefoil , therefore, has four lobes, separated by cusps, in the shape of a flower with four leaves the axes of which are vertical and horizontal. Bands of quatrefoils were much used for enrichment during the Perp . period. Quatrefoils placed with...

foil

foil   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
36 words

... A lobe or leaf-shaped curve in Gothic tracery formed by the cusping of a circle or an arch. The number of foils involved is indicated by a prefix, e.g. trefoil, quatrefoil,...

Foil

Foil   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
21 words

... . Thin leaf or sheet of gold, silver or other metal used to decorate works of art ( see Gilding , §I,...

foil

foil n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. each of the structures fitted to a hydrofoil's hull to lift it clear of the water at...

foil

foil   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A character whose qualities or actions serve to emphasize those of the protagonist (or of some other character) by providing a strong contrast with them. Thus in Charlotte Brontë ’s Jane Eyre , the passive obedience of Jane’s school-friend Helen Burns makes her a foil to the rebellious...

Foil

Foil   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... A person or thing that sets off another to advantage. The allusion is to the metallic leaf used by jewellers to set off precious stones (French feuille , Latin folium , Greek phullon , ‘leaf’). I‘ll be your foil, Laertes; in mine ignorance Your skill shall, like a star i’ the darkest night, Stick fiery off...

Foil

Foil   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
75 words

... . Term used in two distinct senses. As an ornamental motif, a foil is a circular or nearly circular lobe, usually arranged in groups (hence trefoil, quatrefoil, cinquefoil, multifoil) with their outlines divided by points (cusps) to give the impression of radiating petals. In metalwork and jewellery, a foil is a thin leaf or sheet of gold, silver or other metal used to decorate a work of art or to sit under a precious...

foil

foil   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...foil Thin sheets of metal of thickness typically 5 to 50 μ ‎m (often expressed as wire-gauge numbers), such as aluminium, copper, brass, bronze, silver, gold, stainless steel, and nickel (sometimes metal-coated polymer), produced by rolling and employed to make shims and spacers. Other uses include thermal insulation , packaging, shielding against electromagnetic radiation, and electrical components. Some foils (e.g. aluminium kitchen foil) are bright on one side and matt on the other, resulting from cold-rolling two sheets simultaneously, only the surfaces...

foil

foil   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , alternative name for the capsule which covers the cork and neck of a wine bottle. The term is most commonly used for bottles of sparkling wine because in this case it is almost invariably made of metal foil, whereas the ‘foil’ covering tops of bottles of still wine may be made from a wide range of materials. Traditionally lead or lead alloys were used to manufacture foils, but in Europe these were found to be a major source of soil contamination in disposal sites, and lead contamination of wine was traced to this source, so the use of lead foils has...

foil capacitor

foil capacitor   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... capacitor A capacitor in which the electrodes are metal foil. The term is most commonly applied to paper capacitors but some polystyrene or polyester film capacitors use foil electrodes and one form of tantalum electrolytic capacitor uses a tantalum foil as one of the electrodes. ...

foil cutter

foil cutter   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... cutter , gadget for serving wine which helps cut the foil neatly just below the lip of the bottle with the advantages that this avoids unsightly and possibly dangerous torn metal edges, and that there is no likelihood of the wine’s being poured over a foil which might taint it. Some foil cutters are blades incorporated into corkscrews ; others are separate prongs with small circular blades which cut the foil when rotated. Life without a foil cutter is quite feasible; living without one after being introduced to it is...

aluminium foil

aluminium foil   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...foil Aluminium sheets with a typical thickness of less than 0.2 mm. Typically laminated to other materials, e.g. plaster ceiling...

FOIL

FOIL   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
5 words

... Federal Outdoor Impact...

FOIL

FOIL   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
4 words

... file-oriented interpretive...

Foil

Foil (241)   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
9 words

... (241) Variant spelling of English or Scottish Foyle ....

foil

foil 3   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
14 words

... 3 small sword with blunt edge and blunted point. XVI. of unkn....

foil

foil v. (UK Und.)   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
50 words

... v. ( UK Und. ) to wrap a copper coin in silver foil to create a silver one, which can be used in slot or gaming machines. 1992 in R. Graef Living Dangerously 48: I made my money by foiling, doing dodgy coins, wrapping them in silver foil in the...

foil

foil n. (drugs)   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
201 words

...foil-face ( n. ) ( UK drugs ) a heroin addict whose preferred method of ingestion is to inhale the fumes when the drug is heated on a piece of silver foil. 2005 B. Hare Urban Grimshaw vii: Foil-face Person who smokes heroin from tinfoil, a practice often called chasing the dragon. [Ibid.] 41: ‘Dirty digger?’ ‘Nope.’ ‘Foil-face?’ ‘Nope.’ ▪ In phrases put on the foil ( v. ) to inhale fumes from heroin heated on a piece of foil. 1977 N. Dowd Slapshot [film script] Ned Braden : What are you doing? Jeff Hanson : Puttin' on the foil! […]...

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