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Overview

flogging round the fleet

Subject: History

A form of punishment in the old days of the British Navy for the more serious crimes committed on board. It could be awarded only by sentence of a court martial. The man undergoing ...

flogging round the fleet

flogging round the fleet   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
192 words

... round the fleet , a form of punishment in the old days of the British Navy for the more serious crimes committed on board. It could be awarded only by sentence of a court martial. The man undergoing sentence was placed in a boat in which a ship's grating had been lashed upright across the thwarts , and rowed alongside each ship lying in harbour. While bound to the grating he was given twelve strokes with a cat-o'-nine-tails by a boatswain 's mate of the ship off which the boat was lying. After each infliction of a dozen strokes a blanket was thrown...

flogging round the fleet

flogging round the fleet  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A form of punishment in the old days of the British Navy for the more serious crimes committed on board. It could be awarded only by sentence of a court martial. The man undergoing sentence was ...
cat-o'-nine-tails

cat-o'-nine-tails  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An instrument of punishment with which, in the days of sail, seamen were flogged on their bare backs. It was made of nine lengths of cord, each about 46 centimetres (18 in.) long and with three knots ...
sea songs

sea songs  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The generic name given either to songs sung at sea by sailors in their leisure time, or to songs sung ashore about the sea, which more often than not were never sung by seamen. They differ entirely ...
cat-o'-nine-tails

cat-o'-nine-tails   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
196 words

...avoided by finding an offender guilty of several crimes, and awarding the maximum number of lashes for each of them. The use of the cat-o'-nine-tails was ended in the US Navy in 1851 . It was suspended in the Royal Navy in 1879 but had been falling into disuse long before that. See also cobbing ; ‘ combing the cat ’; flogging round the fleet ; ‘ no room to swing a cat ’; ‘ rogue's march ’; ‘ three sisters...

Discipline and Punishment

Discipline and Punishment   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
5,901 words

...Death, normally by hanging at the yardarm, was reserved for murder and sodomy (both very rare), mutiny, and some cases of desertion. Flogging round the fleet, where the miscreant was taken in a boat and subjected to a certain number of lashes alongside each ship, was viewed by courts-martial, which alone had authority to order it, as an alternative to the death penalty. Convicted officers could face a wider variety of punishments, all meted out by court-martial: dismissal from the ship or service, reduction in rank, loss of seniority, and mulcts (or penalties)...

sea songs

sea songs   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,148 words

...songs, the best known being ‘ Tom Bowling ’, ‘Saturday Night at Sea’, and ‘The Good Ship Rover ’. The ‘ Rogue's March ’, which was beaten on drums during the course of the naval punishment flogging round the fleet , was based on Dibdin's ‘Right Little, Tight Little Island’. He wrote some hundreds of such songs which he made popular by singing himself. As he lived during the period of the great naval wars at the end of the 18th century, many of his songs had a considerable recruiting value at a time when the British Navy was desperate for men to sail the...

Shipboard Organization

Shipboard Organization   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
12,712 words

...ordered, and in the Royal Navy “flogging round the fleet” was used in some cases, with the offender receiving a number of lashes at the side of every ship. Punishments could be made to fit crimes: liars had to clean the ship’s sides below the heads, the toilets in the bows, and swearers might have spikes clapped into their mouths and tied behind their heads, lacerating their gums and tongues. The existence of these punishments served to generate an important and ongoing debate among naval historians. A long-held orthodoxy, perpetuated in the work of...

American Literature

American Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
7,062 words
Illustration(s):
2

...from the Romantic and toward the realistic. His “voice from the forecastle” first-person account is Two Years before the Mast ( 1840 ), which includes a compelling narrative of a flogging alongside a picture of the drudgery of the hide trade on the coast of California and an analysis of the dehumanizing effects of the isolation of life at sea. He also wrote a manual explaining nautical vocabulary and procedure, The Seaman’s Friend ( 1841 ). As a Brahmin, a lawyer, and a sailor, during the Somers mutiny affair Dana was widely recognized as the major...

Fiction

Fiction   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
14,182 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Marryat, a former captain in the Royal Navy, accepted flogging but attacked impressment, whereas Melville, four years a common sailor, attacked both. Conrad’s marvelous tale of first command, “The Secret Sharer,” examines the fine line between exercising too much and too little authority and implies that mutual respect is the key to nautical order. Mutiny is possible on any voyage, as Odysseus discovered, and the effective captain prevents it by staying attentive to the undercurrents of discontent among his crew and officers. Force of character rather than...

Literature

Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
15,480 words
Illustration(s):
1

...accounts of a number of near misses in fog in the English Channel. The genre of the sea essay as a meditative reflection on personal experience subsequently returns to its origins as a component of longer sea narratives. Alan Villiers is the key figure here. Falmouth for Orders ( 1929 ), an account of his time in Herzogin Cecilie in the last clipper ship race around Cape Horn , interrupts the narrative of the final stages of the voyage to insert two essays: “The World’s Last Fleet” and “The Passing of the Sailing Ship.” Similarly, By Way of Cape Horn ...

London

London   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
76,697 words

...consists of the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple, two of the four Inns of Court , situated between the Victoria Embankment and Fleet St., which have occupied the site of the buildings of the Order of Knights Templar since the 14th c. Many of the buildings suffered from bombing in the Second World War, but much restoration has been carried out, as far as possible with the use of the original materials. Middle Temple Hall , an assembly hall on the S side of Fountain Ct, opened by Elizabeth I in 1576 , was the setting for the first recorded performance of ...

African Law, Sub-Saharan

African Law, Sub-Saharan   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
36,117 words
Illustration(s):
11

...the police and the law of evidence are federal subjects. Yet some of the codes recognize the strict standard of proof required for the imposition of a hadd penalty, for example, four male eyewitnesses for adultery, while omitting the alternative mode of proof by extramarital pregnancy recognized by Maliki doctrine and now applied by Shariʿa Courts. At least two young women have been sentenced to death by stoning on such evidence (one acquitted on appeal). At least two men have received the same sentence for sexual offenses and the punishments of flogging...

bloody

bloody adj.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
2,157 words

...to the frequent floggings of army discipline] a soldier. 1770 Mass. Gazette Extraordinary 21 June n.p.: Come you Rascals, you bloody Backs, you Lobster Scoundrels ; fire if you dare, G-d damn you [R]. 1785, 1788, 1796 Grose Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue . 1807 J.R. Shaw Life and Travels 21: The bakers very boldly answered: ‘this bread is for gentlemen and not for you d----d bloody backs’. 1811 Lex. Balatronicum . 1823 Egan Grose's Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue . 1860–65 J. Abbott Amer. Hist. 188: They dared the...

pussy

pussy n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
4,876 words

...a pussy like that!’ ‘Green?’ said the club pro. ‘Velvet,’ said Otto . 2006 G. Iles Turning Angel 277: They all shave their pussies. 4 ( also puss ) the cat -o'-nine-tails. 1943 J. Phelan Letters from the Big House 37: Six with the pussy I had that time. 1989 J. Morton Lowspeak 116: Puss – the cat o'nine tails; a flogging. 5 a gentle, kind person. 1925 S. Lewis Arrowsmith 64: You ought to hear some of the docs that are the sweetest old pussies with their patients – the way they bawl out the nurses. 6 an old woman, usu. a spinster,...

Sui Dynasty

Sui Dynasty (581–618 ce)   Reference library

Charles D. BENN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...resulted in the elimination of three forms of capital punishment (hanging, dismemberment, and exposure of the condemned’s head in the market), leaving throttling and decapitation as the only legitimate types of execution. The new code also substituted beating with a rod for flogging with a whip. Two years later, the emperor promulgated the Kaihuang Code, which reduced the number of articles (1,537) in the Zhou legal code of 563 to five hundred and arranged them under twelve headings. The Kaihuang Code is no longer extant, but it was the basis of the Tang Code...

Greece

Greece: c. 3500 BCE - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...south through Syria and Palestine, excluding the Persian fleet from their familiar harbours Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE War Lebanon and Syria 332 BCE 332 BCE Alexander the Great's army arrives in Egypt and the Persian governor of the province rapidly surrenders Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE Egypt 332 BCE 332 BCE While in Egypt, Alexander founds Alexandria – the best known of the many towns he establishes to spread Greek...

Society

Society: c. 2.2 million years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Núñez de Balboa reaches the Pacific coast and claims the ocean for the king of Spain Balboa, Vasco Núñez de (1475–1519) A Dictionary of World History 2 16th century Mesoamerican civilization Politics Conquest and colonization Exploration European empires from 1415 Spanish empire Europe Empires Latin America Central America Mexico 1519 1519 Ferdinand Magellan and a small fleet depart from Seville, attempting to sail round the world Magellan, Ferdinand ( c. 1480–1521) A Dictionary of World History 2 16th century Exploration Europe Spain 1521 1521 Portuguese...

Europe

Europe: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...450 BCE The Sophists, professional philosophers, travel round Greece educating the sons of the rich sophists A Dictionary of World History 2 5th century BCE Greek literature Literature Philosophy Greece c. 450 BCE 450 BCE Pericles introduces payment in Athens for jury service so that no citizen is excluded by poverty juries The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature 3 5th century BCE Ancient Athens Greece 448 BCE 448 BCE In the Peace of Kallias the Persians acknowledge the independence of Greek Ionia, and agree not to bring their fleet into the Aegean...

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