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flint

Variety of chert, which occurs commonly as nodules and bands in chalk. It is deposited in the porous, permeable structures of sponge, diatom, and echinoid skeletons and also in burrows. ...

flint

flint   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. a piece of flint used with steel to produce an igniting spark, e.g., in a flintlock...

flint

flint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemistry (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Chemistry
Length:
18 words

... ( chert ) Very hard dense nodules of microcrystalline quartz and chalcedony found in chalk and...

flint

flint   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
127 words

... Flint was used in the Stone Age for tools and weapons. The most spectacular site is Grime's Graves (Norfolk), which was mined by deep shafts in prehistoric times. Flint has been used as a building material in chalk districts from the Iron Age to the present day. The finest flint buildings are the medieval churches of East Anglia, which used dressed (‘knapped’) flints as a veneer for walls constructed of rubble and lime mortar, with imported freestone used for quoins, lintels, window mouldings, etc. The technique is readily observed at the unfinished...

flint

flint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... A very hard greyish-black fined-grained quartz mineral that can be used to make a...

flint

flint   Reference library

Patrick Goode

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
148 words

... It is in England that flint is most extensively used as a building material. Though almost indestructible, flint can be fractured in any direction, a process called ‘knapping’. When freshly knapped, flints are often jet black, but always retain a darker hue than when uncut. In the most inventive application, known as ‘flushwork’ and most common during the Perpendicular period, knapped flints are set into a framework formed by another material, usually limestone . A particularly fine example is the gatehouse of St Osyth Priory, Essex (late 15th...

Flint

Flint   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
51 words

... Flintshire Town on the estuary of the river Dee and county town of the historic county of Flintshire. Shakespeare, following the Chronicles of Raphael Holinshed , sets the abdication of Richard II and his surrender to Henry Bolingbroke at Flint Castle. The ruins of the castle are open to visitors ( http://www.cadw.wales.gov.uk...

flint

flint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... ( silex ) Variety of chert , which occurs commonly as nodules and bands in chalk . It is deposited in the porous, permeable structures of sponge , diatom , and echinoid skeletons and also in...

flint

flint   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
84 words

... Granular variety of quartz (SiO 2 ) of a fine crystalline structure. It is usually brown or dark grey, although the variety known as chert is a paler grey. It occurs in rounded nodules and is found in chalk or other sedimentary rocks containing calcium carbonate. Of great importance to early humans during the Stone Age , flint flakes when struck a glancing blow, leaving sharp edges appropriate for tools and weapons; two flints struck together produce a spark which can be used to make...

Flint

Flint (UK, USA)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Flint , UK, USA 1. UK (Wales): there is a unitary district called Flintshire, often called Flint, a reference to the nature of the rock on which a castle was built in 1277 by Edward I ( 1239–1307 ), King of England ( 1272–1307 ). 2. USA (Michigan): founded as a trading post in 1819 , it was named in 1836 after the river, called by the local Native Americans Pawanunling ‘River of Flint...

flint

flint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
52 words

... Hard steely-grey stone occurring in nodules of a varying size, usually covered with a white encrustation. It is used for building in combination with brick or stone dressings . It is easily split, or knapped , and is used in flush -work with freestone dressings. S.Hart ( 2000...

flint

flint   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
55 words

... [Ma] A hard brittle siliceous rock with conchoidal fracturing properties that is highly suitable for the manufacture of edged tools by flaking or knapping. Found as nodules or tablets in chalk and limestone (in the latter case as chert), or redeposited as pebbles in clay and gravels. Usually black, grey, or brown in...

flint

flint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... A type of chert that is found as nodules or bands in chalk and limestone...

flint

flint   Quick reference

Mike Allaby

Dictionary Plus Science and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
59 words

... A hard, glass-like variety of silica (silicon dioxide, SiO 2 ) that is deposited in the burrows and inside the bodies of sponges, echinoderms, and other marine invertebrates, and that is most often found in the form of nodules enclosed in chalk. Flint can be fractured (knapped) to produce sharp edges, once exploited to make tools and weapons. Mike...

flint wall

flint wall   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... wall A wall constructed using flint...

knapped flint

knapped flint   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
39 words

...flint Flint stones cut (‘knapped’) in half and used showing the dark inner part. These flints may be set at random, or carefully arranged in even rows, and are a feature of many old buildings in East...

Flint glass

Flint glass   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
77 words

... glass . Lustrous glass, originally made in the 17th century by George Ravenscroft using local ground flint (as opposed to Venetian pebbles) as the siliceous ingredient. The term was subsequently used more loosely to denote English lead glass, which uses a composition of lead oxide, sand, and alkali. N. M. Bredehoft : Findlay Flint Glass Co., 1889–1891 (St Louisville, 1994) R. Teal and T. S. Graban : Albany Glass: Model Flint Glass Company of Albany, Indiana (Marietta,...

Flint, Mr

Flint, Mr   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
21 words

..., Mr ( Britten : Billy Budd ). Bass‐bar. The Sailing Master on the Indomitable . Created ( 1951 ) by Geraint Evans...

Captain Flint

Captain Flint   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
20 words

...Captain Flint Parrot in Treasure Island and character in the Swallows and Amazons books by Arthur Ransome ....

flint mine

flint mine   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
174 words

... mine [MC] A place where natural outcrops or seams of underground flint were worked to obtain blocks of raw material for knapping and making into tools. The mining techniques vary a little between mining areas but mines basically consist of pits or shafts. Pits are generally used where the flint is shallow and relatively large and rather irregular holes can be opened to get it. Shafts involve considerably more effort, and examples more than 15 m deep are known. The shafts themselves are steep‐sided and cylindrical in form, although most originally have had...

flint glass

flint glass   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... glass A basic type of optical glass, whose optical properties are modified by the addition of lead oxide and a smaller amount of potassium oxide. It usually has a refractive index of about 1.6, higher than that of the other basic type of optical glass, crown glass , and it is more easily scratched. Partly for this reason, flint glass is generally used as the inner component of a compound...

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